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Showing 1 to 15 of 271 results Save | Export
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Achimova, Asya; Syrett, Kristen; Musolino, Julien; Déprez, Viviane – Language Learning and Development, 2017
In response to questions in which a "wh"-term interacts with a universal quantifier in object position, such as "Who picked every toy?," children as old as 5 years of age often provide a list, pairing toys with the people who picked each of them. This response pattern is unexpected, it has been claimed, because children appear…
Descriptors: Toys, Syntax, Semantics, Predictor Variables
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Miller, Jonathan R.; Hirst, Jason M.; Kaplan, Brent A.; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Reed, Derek D. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2014
The effects of two types of mands on participants' adherence to instructions were examined across two groups using procedures based on Hackenberg and Joker ("Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior" 62:367-383, 1994). Participants were presented with instructions describing a pattern of responding for producing points later…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Stimuli, Laboratories
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Bertenthal, Bennett I.; Scheutz, Matthias – Cognitive Science, 2013
Cooper et al. (this issue) develop an interactive activation model of spatial and imitative compatibilities that simulates the key results from Catmur and Heyes (2011) and thus conclude that both compatibilities are mediated by the same processes since their single model can predict all the results. Although the model is impressive, the…
Descriptors: Models, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Reader Response
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Martarelli, Corinna S.; Mast, Fred W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Children aged 3 to 8 years old and adults were tested on a reality–fantasy distinction task. They had to judge whether particular entities were real or fantastical, and response times were collected. We further manipulated whether the entity is a specific character or a generic fantastical entity. The results indicate that children, unlike adults,…
Descriptors: Young Children, Adults, Fantasy, Realism
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Nagasaka, Yasuo; Brooks, Daniel I.; Wasserman, Edward A. – Learning and Motivation, 2010
We trained two bonobos to discriminate among occluded, complete, and incomplete stimuli. The occluded stimulus comprised a pair of colored shapes, one of which appeared to occlude the other. The complete and incomplete stimuli involved the single shape that appeared to have been partially covered in the occluded stimulus; the complete stimulus…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Animals, Training, Error Patterns
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Stock, Hayli R.; Graham, Susan A.; Chambers, Craig G. – Developmental Psychology, 2009
We investigated the influence of speaker certainty on 156 four-year-old children's sensitivity to generic and nongeneric statements. An inductive inference task was implemented, in which a speaker described a nonobvious property of a novel creature using either a generic or a nongeneric statement. The speaker appeared to be confident, neutral, or…
Descriptors: Cues, Inferences, Preschool Children, Patterned Responses
Penrod, Becky; Wallace, Michele D.; Dyer, Edwin J. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2008
Previous research has suggested that the availability of high-preference stimuli may override the reinforcing efficacy of concurrently available low-preference stimuli under relatively low schedule requirements (e.g., fixed-ratio 1 schedule). It is unknown if similar effects would be obtained under higher schedule requirements. Thus, the current…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Positive Reinforcement, Patterned Responses, Responses
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Osman, Magda – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2008
In problem-solving research, insights into the relationship between monitoring and control in the transfer of complex skills remain impoverished. To address this, in 4 experiments, the authors had participants solve 2 complex control tasks that were identical in structure but that varied in presentation format. Participants learned to solve the…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Problem Solving, Experiments, Patterned Responses
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Roche, Bryan T.; Kanter, Jonathan W.; Brown, Keri R.; Dymond, Simon; Fogarty, Ciara C. – Psychological Record, 2008
To establish a series of derived relations between arbitrary stimuli, 20 subjects were exposed to nonarbitrary and arbitrary relational training and testing procedures. Subjects were then exposed to an avoidance conditioning procedure in which one member from each relation was established as a discriminative stimulus for avoidance and…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Stimuli, Comparative Analysis, Anxiety
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Myers, Lauren J.; Liben, Lynn S. – Child Development, 2008
The contribution of intentionality understanding to symbolic development was examined. Actors added colored dots to a map, displaying either symbolic or aesthetic intentions. In Study 1, most children (5-6 years) understood actors' intentions, but when asked which graphic would help find hidden objects, most selected the incorrect (aesthetic) one…
Descriptors: Intention, Cartography, Semiotics, Age Differences
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Huestegge, Lynn; Koch, Iring – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2009
Between-task crosstalk has been discussed as an important source for dual-task costs. In this study, the authors examine concurrently performed saccades and manual responses as a means of studying the role of response-code conflict between 2 tasks. In Experiment 1, participants responded to an imperative auditory stimulus with a left or a right…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Eye Movements, Patterned Responses, Conflict
Layer, Stacy A.; Hanley, Gregory P.; Heal, Nicole A.; Tiger, Jeffrey H. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2008
This study sought to determine the accuracy of an assessment format in which selection outcomes were delayed and probabilistic; these are unavoidable features of an assessment designed to determine preferences of multiple children simultaneously. During the single arrangement, preference hierarchies were established by having a child repeatedly…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Preschool Children, Probability, Paired Associate Learning
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Klauer, Karl Christoph; Stahl, Christoph; Erdfelder, Edgar – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2007
A complete quantitative account of P. Wason's (1966) abstract selection task is proposed. The account takes the form of a mathematical model. It is assumed that some response patterns are caused by inferential reasoning, whereas other responses reflect cognitive processes that affect each card selection separately and independently of other card…
Descriptors: Mathematical Models, Cognitive Processes, Item Response Theory, Patterned Responses
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Duker, Pieter C.; Van den Munckhof, Marcia – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2007
Five individuals, who were treated for severe self-injurious behaviors (SIB) with contingent electric shock, participated. Hereby, each occurrence of the target response was followed by a remotely administered aversive consequence. Participants' heart rates were compared at times when the active device of the equipment for the above procedure was…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Self Destructive Behavior, Anxiety, Patterned Responses
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Vitale, Agata; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Campbell, Claire – Psychological Record, 2008
The current article examines patterns of adult responding to different types of more-than and less-than relations, as well as procedures for facilitating responding in accordance with these relations. Using parameters suggested in the three-term series literature, the more-than and less-than relations were separated into six distinct trial types.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Intervention, Comparative Analysis, Patterned Responses
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