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Showing 1 to 15 of 269 results Save | Export
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Choi, Youjung; Luo, Yuyan; Baillargeon, Renée – Child Development, 2022
Is early reasoning about an agent's knowledge best characterized by a mentalistic stance, a teleological stance, or both? In this research, 5-month-old infants (N = 64, 50% female, 83% White) saw a novel eyeless agent consistently approach object-A as opposed to object-B. Although infants could always see both objects, a screen separated object-B…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Development, Cognitive Processes, Preferences
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Prasad, Aditya; Wood, Samantha M. W.; Wood, Justin N. – Developmental Science, 2019
What are the origins of object permanence? Despite widespread interest in this question, methodological barriers have prevented detailed analysis of how experience shapes the development of object permanence in newborn organisms. Here, we introduce an automated controlled-rearing method for studying the emergence of object permanence in strictly…
Descriptors: Object Permanence, Animals, Neonates, Infant Behavior
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Zhang, Yi; Harris, Paul L. – First Language, 2022
Research on the development of children's decontextualized language has focused primarily on their references to events displaced in time. Here, we examine children's early emerging ability to talk about individuals who are elsewhere and therefore not participating in the conversation. We analyzed the references made by three Mandarin-speaking…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Caregivers, Young Children, Language Acquisition
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Goldman, Elizabeth J.; Wang, Su-hua – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Past research has shown a discrepancy in young infants' use of height information in occlusion and containment events--a pattern typically accounted for by event categorization and rule learning. Broadening these theories, the present experiment examined the role of comparison in young infants' reasoning about physical events. We rotated a typical…
Descriptors: Infants, Physics, Comparative Analysis, Child Development
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Wood, Justin N.; Wood, Samantha M. W. – Developmental Science, 2017
How long does it take for a newborn to recognize an object? Adults can recognize objects rapidly, but measuring object recognition speed in newborns has not previously been possible. Here we introduce an automated controlled-rearing method for measuring the speed of newborn object recognition in controlled visual worlds. We raised newborn chicks…
Descriptors: Infants, Animals, Recognition (Psychology), Vision
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Rumbelow, Michael – For the Learning of Mathematics, 2021
"Where Mathematics Comes From" (Lakoff & Núñez 2000) proposed that mathematical concepts such as arithmetic and counting are constructed cognitively from embodied metaphors of actions on physical objects, and four actions, or 'grounding metaphors' in particular: collecting, stepping, constructing and measuring. This article argues…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Figurative Language
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Slone, Lauren K.; Smith, Linda B.; Yu, Chen – Developmental Science, 2019
Object names are a major component of early vocabularies and learning object names depends on being able to visually recognize objects in the world. However, the fundamental visual challenge of the moment-to-moment variations in object appearances that learners must resolve has received little attention in word learning research. Here we provide…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Infants, Object Permanence, Recognition (Psychology)
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Lucca, Kelsey; Wilbourn, Makeba Parramore – Child Development, 2018
Infants' pointing gestures are a critical predictor of early vocabulary size. However, it remains unknown precisely how pointing relates to word learning. The current study addressed this question in a sample of 108 infants, testing one mechanism by which infants' pointing may influence their learning. In Study 1, 18-month-olds, but not…
Descriptors: Infants, Nonverbal Communication, Child Development, Predictor Variables
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Oral, Sevket Benhur – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2015
This paper discusses the repercussions of a new metaphysics--speculative/weird realism--for education and pedagogy. A historic shift is taking place in present-day continental philosophy, which involves an explicit and renewed call for "realism." One of the most salient features of this development is a revitalised interest in…
Descriptors: Aesthetics, Educational Philosophy, Teaching Methods, Metacognition
Danilov, Igor Val.; Mihailova, Sandra – Online Submission, 2019
The article observes studies of word categorization in 3- to 4-months-old infants questioning their main conclusion that young infants may categorize words themselves. The review shows that there is no bilateral communication between them and adults as well as any perceptual interaction that can help infants acquire language. And yet language…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Classification, Communication Skills
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O'Connor, Richard J.; Russell, James – Developmental Science, 2015
Infants' understanding of how their actions affect the visibility of hidden objects may be a crucial aspect of the development of search behaviour. To investigate this possibility, 7-month-old infants took part in a two-day training study. At the start of the first session, and at the end of the second, all infants performed a search task with a…
Descriptors: Infants, Infant Behavior, Task Analysis, Object Permanence
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Hayward, Casey Ann – Teaching Artist Journal, 2016
People all over the world are engaging with popular music, particularly through social media platforms, where views are often in the billions and climbing. Sacks (2007), a world-renowned neurologist, coined the term "earworms" to refer to songs that play repetitively in one's head for no apparent reason, sometimes for days, even years,…
Descriptors: Music Education, Music, Musical Composition, Music Techniques
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Palacios, Pedro; Rodríguez, Cintia – Infant and Child Development, 2015
In this study, we address the construction of the first symbolic uses of objects in contexts of triadic interaction (adult-child-object). We assume that symbolic productions are based on public rules of the use of objects previously agreed by the community. The first symbols are not rooted in any literal, evident reality, but in shared rules of…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Semiotics, Infants, Object Permanence
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Bremner, J. Gavin; Slater, Alan M.; Mason, Uschi C.; Spring, Jo; Johnson, Scott P. – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Previous work has demonstrated that infants use object trajectory continuity as a cue to the constant identity of an object, but results are equivocal regarding the role of object features, with some work suggesting that a change in the appearance of an object does not cue a change in identity. In an experiment involving 72 participants, we…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Infants, Color, Cues
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Hall, Ronald E. – Theory Into Practice, 2016
Per the Bleaching Syndrome, people of color, including African, Asian, and Latino Americans, are both victims and perpetrators of color discrimination. The Bleaching Syndrome encompasses perceptual, psychological, and behavioral sectors that affect students' schooling experiences. Education professionals, including teachers, administrators, and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Racial Attitudes, Racial Discrimination, Racial Bias
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