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Peyser, Elizabeth E.; Bobo, Jessica – Mathematics Teacher: Learning and Teaching PK-12, 2022
Early mathematics plays an important role in introducing foundational concepts for number sense in children. One of the critical areas of learning is the establishment of a linear view of numbers. It is essential to create opportunities for young children to understand that numbers are equally spaced on the number line and that they increase in…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Elementary School Mathematics, Arithmetic, Computation
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Levenson, Esther S.; Barkai, Ruthi; Tirosh, Dina; Tsamir, Pessia – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2022
This study focuses on adults who are neither preschool teachers nor professional caregivers and investigates their beliefs regarding the importance of engaging young children with numerical activities. It also examines the types of numerical activities adults report having observed children engaging with, as well as the types of activities they…
Descriptors: Adults, Beliefs, Young Children, Numbers
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Schneider, Rose M.; Sullivan, Jessica; Guo, Kaiqi; Barner, David – Child Development, 2021
Although many U.S. children can count sets by 4 years, it is not until 5½--6 years that they understand how counting relates to number--that is, that adding 1 to a set necessitates counting up one number. This study examined two knowledge sources that 3½- to 6-year-olds (N = 136) may leverage to acquire this "successor function": (a)…
Descriptors: Computation, Number Concepts, Young Children, Arithmetic
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Harkness, Shelly Sheats; Brass, Amy – School Science and Mathematics, 2022
Understanding large number data is essential for making sense of real-world problems. For the research reported here, our intent was to find connections between quantitative cognitive science studies and our prior qualitative study about participants' understanding of the relative size of large numbers. While all 23 cognitive science research…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Skills, Number Concepts, Cognitive Processes
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Qiu, Kailun; Wang, Yunqi – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2021
Rational numbers can be represented in multiple formats (e.g., fractions, decimals, and percentages), and a rational number notation can be used to express different concepts in different contexts. The present study investigated the distribution of the multiple concepts expressed by these different rational number notations in real-world contexts…
Descriptors: Numbers, Number Concepts, Arithmetic, Fractions
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O'Rear, Connor D.; McNeil, Nicole M.; Kirkland, Patrick K. – Developmental Science, 2020
A common measure of number word understanding is the give-N task. Traditionally, to receive credit for understanding a number, N, children must understand that N does not apply to other set sizes (e.g. a child who gives three when asked for 'three' but also when asked for 'four' would not be credited with knowing 'three'). However, it is possible…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Numeracy, Number Concepts, Mathematics Education
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Ghazali, Munirah; Mohamed, Rosmawati; Mustafa, Zainun – EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 2021
The definitions serve the purpose of communication and preservation of knowledge in scientific inquiry. However, it is quite often to perceive number sense concept without well-accepted definitions in the field of mathematics education research. Despite the mentioned issue, the current literature on children's number sense provides a glean for…
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Number Concepts, Elementary School Students, Numeracy
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Tirosh, Dina; Tsamir, Pessia; Levenson, Esther S.; Barkai, Ruthi – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2020
Taking a socio-cultural perspective, in this study we explored the challenges toddlers might face as they practice 1-1 correspondence in the playful context of setting a table, and how different individuals may participate in this playful activity. Findings indicated that toddlers' competence in carrying out one-to-one correspondence may be…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Play, Number Concepts, Participation
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Wang, Jinjing; Halberda, Justin; Feigenson, Lisa – Child Development, 2021
Experimentally manipulating Approximate Number System (ANS) precision has been found to influence children's subsequent symbolic math performance. Here in three experiments (N = 160; 81 girls; 3-5 year old) we replicated this effect and examined its duration and developmental trajectory. We found that modulation of 5-year-olds' ANS precision…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mathematics Skills, Number Concepts, Symbols (Mathematics)
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Björklund, Camilla; Palmér, Hanna – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2022
In this article, we direct attention to what becomes critical in teaching activities for toddlers (1-3-year-olds) to learn the meaning of numbers. One activity we thoroughly explore is interactive book reading, based on previous research indicating positive learning outcomes from this type of mathematical activity, as it has shown to…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Activities, Number Concepts
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Wagner, Katie; Chu, Junyi; Barner, David – Developmental Science, 2019
How do children acquire exact meanings for number words like three or forty-seven? In recent years, a lively debate has probed the cognitive systems that support learning, with some arguing that an evolutionarily ancient "approximate number system" drives early number word meanings, and others arguing that learning is supported chiefly…
Descriptors: Numbers, Number Concepts, Children, Semantics
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Saetnan, Ann Rudinow; Tøndel, Gunhild; Rasmussen, Bente – Research Evaluation, 2019
This qualitative case study of emergent practices in a multi-paradigmatic field at one department in Norway explores how performance metrics in science intra-act with staff composition and resource allocation, potentially affecting paradigm trends. Inspired by agential realism, we discuss four key metrics as the material core of an assemblage…
Descriptors: Computation, Models, Number Concepts, Foreign Countries
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Sella, Francesco; Lucangeli, Daniela; Cohen Kadosh, Roi; Zorzi, Marco – Child Development, 2020
The ability to choose the larger between two numbers reflects a mature understanding of the magnitude associated with numerical symbols. The present study explores how the knowledge of the number sequence and memory capacity (verbal and visuospatial) relate to number comparison skills while controlling for cardinal knowledge. Preschool children's…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Symbols (Mathematics), Memory, Mathematics Skills
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Chu, Junyi; Cheung, Pierina; Schneider, Rose M.; Sullivan, Jessica; Barner, David – Cognitive Science, 2020
By around the age of 5½, many children in the United States judge that numbers never end, and that it is always possible to add 1 to a set. These same children also generally perform well when asked to label the quantity of a set after one object is added (e.g., judging that a set labeled "five" should now be "six"). These…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Numeracy, Number Concepts, Knowledge Level
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Yuan, Lei; Prather, Richard; Mix, Kelly S.; Smith, Linda B. – Child Development, 2020
The number-line task has been extensively used to study the mental representation of numbers in children. However, studies suggest that proportional reasoning provides a better account of children's performance. Ninety 4- to 6-year-olds were given a number-line task with symbolic numbers, with clustered dot arrays that resembled a perceptual…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Numbers, Young Children, Visual Stimuli
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