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Johnson, Dan R.; Hass, Richard W. – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2022
The ability to search memory for diverse contextual usages of words is proposed to play a role in creative idea generation. However, it is not yet known whether searching for more diverse contextual usages of words enhances the novelty of ideas during idea generation. In three experiments, participants were given a noun as a creativity prompt…
Descriptors: Semantics, Creativity, Creative Thinking, Language Usage
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Westera, Matthijs; Gupta, Abhijeet; Boleda, Gemma; Padó, Sebastian – Cognitive Science, 2021
Cognitive scientists have long used distributional semantic representations of categories. The predominant approach uses distributional representations of category-denoting nouns, such as "city" for the category city. We propose a novel scheme that represents categories as prototypes over representations of names of its members, such as…
Descriptors: Classification, Models, Nouns, Cognitive Processes
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Abdulaal, Mohammad Awad Al-Dawoody – Arab World English Journal, 2020
Agreement asymmetry is one of the significant linguistic phenomena that Arab and Western linguists (Ghaly, 1995; Parkinson, 1995; Benmamoun, 1998; Collins, 2001; Dayf, 1986) and Aoun, 1994) have tried to account for within the framework of the Government and Binding theory. They focused upon the number asymmetry in different varieties in Arabic.…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Grammar, Nouns, Verbs
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Löhr, Guido; Michel, Christian – Cognitive Science, 2022
We propose a cognitive-psychological model of linguistic intuitions about copredication statements. In copredication statements, like "The book is heavy and informative," the nominal denotes two ontologically distinct entities at the same time. This has been considered a problem for standard truth-conditional semantics. In this paper, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Intuition, Decision Making, Ethics
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Kupisch, Tanja; Mitrofanova, Natalia; Westergaard, Marit – Journal of Child Language, 2022
We investigate German-Russian bilingual children's sensitivity to formal and semantic cues when assigning gender to nouns in German. Across languages, young children have been shown to primarily rely on phonological cues, whereas sensitivity to semantic and syntactic cues increases with age. With its semi-transparent gender assignment system,…
Descriptors: Phonology, German, Russian, Language Acquisition
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Paape, Dario; Vasishth, Shravan – Cognitive Science, 2022
What is the processing cost of being garden-pathed by a temporary syntactic ambiguity? We argue that comparing average reading times in garden-path versus non-garden-path sentences is not enough to answer this question. Trial-level contaminants such as inattention, the fact that garden pathing may occur non-deterministically in the ambiguous…
Descriptors: Computation, Language Processing, Syntax, Ambiguity (Semantics)
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Gudmestad, Aarnes; Edmonds, Amanda – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
In the current study, we examined the role of first-language (L1) influence on the additional-language development of grammatical gender marking in Spanish. The participants were L1 speakers of English or French (N = 215), who were learning Spanish and who were at three instructional levels. The data came from their use of gender marking in…
Descriptors: Spanish, Native Language, English, French
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Kapkin, Engin; Joines, Sharon – International Journal of Art & Design Education, 2021
The design brief informs particularly the first phases of the design process; however, there are very limited studies on its role and functions. The current study proposes a framework that relates problem statement types in a design brief to creative outcomes by promoting the priming effect, which is a cognitive phenomenon describing the ways…
Descriptors: Design, Creativity, Art Education, Priming
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Huang, Yi Ting; Ovans, Zoe – Cognitive Science, 2022
Children often interpret first noun phrases (NP1s) as agents, which improves comprehension of actives but hinders passives. While children sometimes withhold the agent-first bias, the reasons remain unclear. The current study tests the hypothesis that children default to the agent-first bias as a "best guess" of role assignment when they…
Descriptors: Syntax, Nouns, Phrase Structure, Language Processing
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Yao, Panpan; Stockall, Linnaea; Hall, David; Borer, Hagit – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2022
Using the Visual World Paradigm, the current study aimed to explore whether the mass/count distinction is determined by syntax in Mandarin Chinese, focusing on classified nouns in nominal phrases. By using dual-role classifiers, ontological count and mass nouns, and phrase structures with and without biased syntactic cues we found that the…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Processing, Mandarin Chinese, Syntax
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Marya, Videsha; Frampton, Sarah; Shillingsburg, Alice – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2021
Research has shown that training diagonal targets in a matrix may result in correct responses to the nondiagonal targets within the same matrix and novel targets from a separate matrix. This study replicated prior research using matrix training to teach tact noun-verb combinations to 3 male participants with autism who use a speech generating…
Descriptors: Assistive Technology, Males, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Sia, Ming Yean; Mayor, Julien – Child Development, 2021
Children employ multiple cues to identify the referent of a novel word. Novel words are often embedded in sentences and children have been shown to use syntactic cues to differentiate between types of words (adjective vs. nouns) and between types of nouns (count vs. mass nouns). In this study, we show that children learning Malay (N = 67), a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Syntax, Cues, Vocabulary Development
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Hirayama, Manami; Colantoni, Laura; Pérez-Leroux, Ana Teresa – Journal of Child Language, 2021
Recursive NPs are difficult to produce and late to emerge. We compare prosodic and syntactic abilities in Japanese-speaking five- and six-year-olds (n = 28) and adults (n = 10). It is reported that syntactic structure in Japanese is prosodically marked via downstep and metrical boost. Results of an elicited imitation task suggested that children…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Japanese, Suprasegmentals, Cognitive Processes
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Chen, Zhong; Hale, John T. – Cognitive Science, 2021
Information-theoretic complexity metrics, such as Surprisal (Hale, 2001; Levy, 2008) and Entropy Reduction (Hale, 2003), are linking hypotheses that bridge theorized expectations about sentences and observed processing difficulty in comprehension. These expectations can be viewed as syntactic derivations constrained by a grammar. However, this…
Descriptors: Sentences, Language Processing, Phrase Structure, Nouns
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Reijnierse, W. Gudrun; Burgers, Christian; Bolognesi, Marianna; Krennmayr, Tina – Cognitive Science, 2019
Concreteness ratings are frequently used in a variety of disciplines to operationalize differences between concrete and abstract words and concepts. However, most ratings studies present items in isolation, thereby overlooking the potential polysemy of words. Consequently, ratings for polysemous words may be conflated, causing a threat to the…
Descriptors: Semantics, Nouns, English, Figurative Language
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