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Berdeaux, Kally L.; Lerman, Dorothea C.; Williams, Sarah D. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2022
Past research has demonstrated the effectiveness of teacher-implemented, function-based treatments for problem behavior, but no studies have evaluated the impact of distractions on teachers' procedural integrity. In this proof-of-concept study, the experimenters employed a laboratory analog to examine the impact of distractions on levels of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Attention, Teachers, Negative Reinforcement
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Kipp, Andrew L.; Clark, J. Spencer – Improving Schools, 2022
The purpose of this article is to address student absenteeism through the theoretical lens of ecological agency and to encourage the use of ecological agency in a school setting to address student absenteeism more holistically. We align absenteeism research within the ecological agency framework and suggest that absenteeism is a manifestation of…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Students, Personal Autonomy, Educational Environment
Cipiani, Ennio – Communique, 2020
The function of any behavior (or chain of behaviors) can only be determined by identifying the prevailing antecedent motivating condition (Cipani & Cipani, 2019). The author dubs this antecedent condition the driving force of behavior. What you desire at a particular point in time, if such desire is at a sufficient level, executes two effects.…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Motivation, Contingency Management, Negative Reinforcement
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Alakhzami, Maryam; Chitiyo, Morgan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a high risk of developing self-injurious behavior (SIB), which is often a result of deficits in communication skills. The use of functional communication training (FCT) to address SIB maintained by negative reinforcement among children with ASD is supported by an emerging trend of behavioral…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Self Destructive Behavior, Injuries
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Jones, Daniella L.; Nelson, Jonathan D.; Opitz, Bertram – Psychology Learning and Teaching, 2021
Anxiety is one of the most prevalent mental health problems; it is known to impede cognitive functioning. It is believed to alter preferences for feedback-based learning in anxious and non-anxious learners. Thus, the present study measured feedback processing in adults (N = 30) with and without anxiety symptoms using a probabilistic learning task.…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Correlation, Learning Processes
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Peltier, MacKenzie R.; Waters, Aaron F.; Roys, Melanie R.; Stewart, Shelby A.; Waldo, Krystal M.; Copeland, Amy L. – Journal of American College Health, 2020
Objective: In the present study, we sought to determine the differences among college students using e-cigarettes, cigarettes, or both products (dual users) on smoking outcome expectancies and the role of smoking expectancies and e-cigarette use in cessation attempts. Participants: We surveyed 1,370 undergraduate college students from November…
Descriptors: Smoking, Expectation, Undergraduate Students, Student Characteristics
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Allday, R. Allan; Burt, Jonathan L.; Haggard, Kaitlin N. – Preventing School Failure, 2021
Research has suggested that students from underserved and underrepresented backgrounds (e.g., students of color and those with disabilities) have received higher rates of exclusionary discipline (e.g., suspensions and expulsions) than their peers who are White and without disability. Various interventions have been implemented to address this…
Descriptors: Discipline, Disproportionate Representation, Student Behavior, Educational Change
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König, Christian; Khalili, Afshin; Ganesan, Mathangi; Nishu, Amrita P.; Garza, Alejandra P.; Niewalda, Thomas; Gerber, Bertram; Aso, Yoshinori; Yarali, Ayse – Learning & Memory, 2018
Painful events establish opponent memories: cues that precede pain are remembered negatively, whereas cues that follow pain, thus coinciding with relief are recalled positively. How do individual reinforcement-signaling neurons contribute to this "timing-dependent valence-reversal?" We addressed this question using an optogenetic…
Descriptors: Negative Reinforcement, Conditioning, Entomology, Memory
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Wiggins, Holly C.; Roscoe, Eileen M. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2020
Although a demand analysis is helpful for identifying potential establishing operations for the functional analysis (FA) demand condition, it may not always be practical due to time constraints. A potential alternative is the Negative Reinforcement Rating Scale (NRRS), an indirect assessment tool that may serve as a time efficient alternative to a…
Descriptors: Functional Behavioral Assessment, Evaluation Methods, Negative Reinforcement, Autism
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Martín, Miriam; Gonzálvez, Carolina; Vicent, María; Sanmartín, Ricardo; Fernández-Sogorb, Aitana; García-Fernández, José M. – Education Sciences, 2021
The relationship between school refusal behavior (SRB) profiles and personality traits has received little attention from investigators. Identifying the profiles of students with school attendance problems may improve the understanding of the characteristics defining these students. The aim of this study was to identify different SRB profiles and…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Children, Elementary School Students, At Risk Students
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Skipper, Yvonne; Douglas, Karen M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Previous research has explored the impact of different types of praise and criticism on how children experience success and failure. However, less is known about how teachers choose to deliver feedback and specifically whether they deliver person (ability) or process (effort) feedback. Aim: The aim of the current study was to use…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English Teachers, Feedback (Response), Positive Reinforcement
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Romani, Patrick W.; Alcorn, Aimee S.; Miller, Jonathan R.; Clark, Gwendolyn – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2017
The purpose of the current two-experiment study was to examine the use of a preference assessment for dimensions of reinforcement to inform an effective token economy arrangement. Three participants diagnosed with developmental disabilities who engaged in negatively reinforced problem behavior participated in this study. During Experiment 1, a…
Descriptors: Token Economy, Behavior Problems, Developmental Disabilities, Negative Reinforcement
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Floress, Margaret T.; Zoder-Martell, Kimberly A.; Beaudoin, Melissa M.; Yehling, Zachary R. – Preventing School Failure, 2021
Few studies have examined teachers' natural use of praise and reprimand in the absence of training, possibly due to the challenges of live data collection. This study sought to determine the feasibility of using technology to examine teachers' use of praise and reprimand during class-wide and small group instruction in four elementary classrooms.…
Descriptors: Positive Reinforcement, Negative Reinforcement, Small Group Instruction, Large Group Instruction
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Boskovic, Irena – Educational Psychology, 2020
The educational system today often relies on incentives in order to motivate students. However, it might also encourage students to engage in deceptive behaviour (e.g. malingering) in order to reach certain benefits. Hereby, we investigated whether students would intentionally fabricate symptoms (i.e. malinger) when confronted with a…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Student Behavior, Deception, Physical Health
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Gonzálvez, Carolina; Inglés, Cándido J.; Fernández-Sogorb, Aitana; Sanmartín, Ricardo; Vicent, María; García-Fernández, José M. – Educational Psychology, 2020
Anxiety is a common mental health factor associated with school refusal behaviour. This study aims to identify different school refusal behaviour profiles and to determine whether or not these profiles differ from each other based on three anxiety dimensions (Anticipatory Anxiety, School-based performance anxiety and Generalized Anxiety).…
Descriptors: Attendance, Anxiety, Correlation, Children
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