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Aina Casaponsa; M. Acebo García-Guerrero; Alejandro Martínez; Natalia Ojeda; Guillaume Thierry; Panos Athanasopoulos – Language Learning, 2024
"Taza" in Spanish refers to cups and mugs in English, whereas glass refers to different glass types in Spanish: "copa" and "vaso." It is still unclear whether such categorical distinctions induce early perceptual differences in speakers of different languages. In this study, for the first time, we report symmetrical…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Spanish, English, Native Speakers
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Carrol, Gareth – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2023
Idioms, along with other formulaic multiword phrases, represent a substantial part of vocabulary knowledge. This study investigates how idiom knowledge develops through the adult lifespan, comparing familiarity and transparency ratings for a large set of common English idioms. A total of 237 participants, ranging from 18 to 77 years old,…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Native Speakers, Age Differences, English
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Dina Abdel Salam El-Dakhs; Suhad Sonbul; Ahmed Masrai – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2024
The availability of a first language translation equivalent (i.e., congruency) has repeatedly been shown to influence second-language collocation processing in decontextualized tasks. However, no study to date has examined how L2 speakers process congruent/incongruent collocations on-line in a real-world context. The present study aimed to fill…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Second Language Learning, Phrase Structure, Translation
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Hend Lahoud; Zohar Eviatar; Hamutal Kreiner – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2024
This study aims to shed light on the contribution of universal versus language specific factors on reading. We examined eye movements of Arabic readers and analyzed effects specific to Arabic such as perceptual complexity, diglossia and morphology, in addition to universal factors such as word length and frequency. Twenty native Arabic speakers…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Arabic, Attention, Reading Processes
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Julia Meisters; Adrian Hoffmann; Jochen Musch – Sociological Methods & Research, 2024
Indirect questioning techniques such as the randomized response technique aim to control social desirability bias in surveys of sensitive topics. To improve upon previous indirect questioning techniques, we propose the new Cheating Detection Triangular Model. Similar to the Cheating Detection Model, it includes a mechanism for detecting…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Native Speakers, Adults, Cheating
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Tim Raettig; Lynn Huestegge – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2024
Performing two actions at the same time usually results in performance costs. However, recent studies have also reported dual-action benefits: performing only one of two possible actions may necessitate the inhibition of the initially activated, but unwarranted second action, leading to single-action costs. Presumably, two preconditions determine…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Self Control, Redundancy, Costs
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Cokal, Derya; Filik, Ruth; Sturt, Patrick; Poesio, Massimo – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2023
Corpus evidence suggests that in contexts in which the presence of multiple antecedents might favor plural reference, the disadvantage observed for singular reference may disappear if the potential antecedents are combined in a group-like plural entity. We examined the relative salience of antecedents in conditions where the context either made a…
Descriptors: Morphemes, Form Classes (Languages), Semantics, Foreign Countries
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Giancaspro, David; Perez-Cortes, Silvia; Higdon, Josh – Language Learning, 2022
Previous research indicates that heritage speakers (HSs) of Spanish produce both subjunctive and indicative mood in expected subjunctive contexts. The present study sheds new light on this pattern by testing the effects of morphological regularity on HSs' mood production in volitional contexts, where Spanish-dominant speakers (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Native Speakers, Spanish, Form Classes (Languages), Morphology (Languages)
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Norbert Maïonchi-Pino; Élise Runge; Damien Chabanal – Annals of Dyslexia, 2024
Learning to read is a middle-distance race for children worldwide. Most of them succeed in this acquisition with "normal" difficulties that ensue from the progressive (re)structuring of the phonological and orthographic systems. Evidence accumulated on reading difficulties in children with developmental dyslexia (DYS children,…
Descriptors: Phonology, Syllables, Dyslexia, Vocabulary
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Ip, Martin Ho Kwan; Papafragou, Anna – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2023
Speaking with a foreign accent has often been thought to carry several disadvantages. Here, we probe a potential social "advantage" of non-native compared to native speakers using spoken utterances that either obey or violate the pragmatic principle of Informativeness. In Experiment 1, we show that listeners form different impressions of…
Descriptors: Second Languages, Social Influences, Pronunciation, Native Speakers
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Gattis, Lyn F. – Journal of Technical Writing and Communication, 2023
This study investigated the extent to which lexical repetition in English passages developed in a content management system appeared to affect reading comprehension. Participants were 65 graduate students at a Midwestern public university, all of whom were native English readers. Instruments were two passages adjusted to maximize or minimize…
Descriptors: Repetition, English, Reading Comprehension, Technical Writing
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Saad Aldosari; Lauren Covey; Alison Gabriele – Second Language Research, 2024
We investigate sensitivity to island constraints in English native speakers and Najdi Arabic learners of English, examining (1) whether second language (L2) learners whose native language (L1) does not instantiate overt "wh"-movement are sensitive to island constraints and (2) the source of island effects. Under a grammatical account of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Arabic, Undergraduate Students, Native Speakers
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Marek Kiczkowiak; Robert J. Lowe – Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2024
The ideology of native speakerism and its effects on the professional lives of 'native' and 'non-native speakers' in English language teaching (ELT) have been widely documented. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact native speakerism might have on the selection of plenary speakers for ELT conferences. Hence, through the analysis of…
Descriptors: Native Speakers, Social Bias, English (Second Language), Conferences (Gatherings)
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Al-Deaibes, Mutasim; Jarrah, Marwan – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2023
This study investigates the production of Arabic intervocalic geminate obstruents as produced by American L2 learners of Arabic. The participants of the study were 24 Arabic learners (12 advanced, 12 beginners) at North Georgia University and 12 native speakers of Jordanian Arabic (the control group). An examination of the results reveals that…
Descriptors: Arabic, Second Language Learning, College Students, Foreign Countries
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Sun, Kun; Lu, Xiaofei – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
The notion of sentencehood in Mandarin Chinese is much less well-defined than in many other languages, with a block of clauses often joined by commas without conjunctions and with the period often occurring at the end of a block of clauses to indicate meaning completeness rather than the completeness of a sentential structure. The potential…
Descriptors: Native Speakers, Mandarin Chinese, Sentences, Punctuation
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