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Rebecca Zhu; Alison Gopnik – Child Development, 2024
Three preregistered experiments, conducted in 2021, investigated whether English-speaking American preschoolers (N = 120; 4-6 years; 54 females, predominantly White) and adults (N = 80; 18-52 years; 59 females, predominantly Asian) metonymically extend owners' names to owned objects--an extension not typically found in English. In Experiment 1, 5-…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Adults, English, Young Children
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Martin Zettersten; Catherine Bredemann; Megan Kaul; Kaitlynn Ellis; Haley A. Vlach; Heather Kirkorian; Gary Lupyan – Child Development, 2024
The present study tested the hypothesis that verbal labels support category induction by providing compact hypotheses. Ninety-seven 4- to 6-year-old children (M = 63.2 months; 46 female, 51 male; 77% White, 8% more than one race, 4% Asian, and 3% Black; tested 2018) and 90 adults (M = 20.1 years; 70 female, 20 male) in the Midwestern United States…
Descriptors: Children, Adults, Difficulty Level, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Seda Sakarya; Gokhan Sengun; Serpil Pekdogan – Research in Pedagogy, 2023
This study aimed to determine the relationship between the visual literacy levels of children attending preschool education institutions and their rapid automatized naming skills. A total of 160 children, 77 girls, and 83 boys, aged 5-6 years, attending independent kindergartens, took part in the research. The "Personal Information…
Descriptors: Visual Literacy, Preschool Children, Naming, Foreign Countries
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Victoria Kishchak; Anna Ewert; Paulina Halczak; Pawel Kleka; Marcin Szczerbinski – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2024
RAN (Rapid Automatized Naming) is known to be a robust predictor of reading development in different languages. Much less is known about RAN predictive power in bilingual contexts. This is the first meta-analysis of research with bilingual children, assessing the strength of the RAN-reading relationship both within and across languages. It also…
Descriptors: Automation, Naming, Meta Analysis, Bilingualism
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Alex J. Armonda – Educational Philosophy and Theory, 2024
Deploying a Lacanian conceptual framework, this article interrogates the psychoanalytic underpinnings of Paulo Freire's dialogical method of critical pedagogy. The paper advances the claim that the transformative efficacy of Freirean dialogue is rooted in its unique ability to confront and engage the repressed element of trauma, or what Lacan…
Descriptors: Psychiatry, Dialogs (Language), Critical Theory, Identification
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Lepic, Ryan – Sign Language Studies, 2023
In many descriptions of American Sign Language (ASL), signs like [breakfast] are identified as "compounds." These signs were once formed with two separate signs but have since fused into a single unit. This article presents an alternative definition of "compound" that includes both functional and formal properties. Following…
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Naming, Vocabulary, Form Classes (Languages)
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Yoon, Jessica S.; Greer, R. Douglas; Virk, Maninder; Fienup, Daniel M. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2023
Although many neurotypical children acquire untaught word-object relations incidentally from naturally occurring environmental experiences, many children with and without developmental disabilities require specific intervention. This study examined the effects of rotating listener (match and point) and speaker (tact and intraverbal-tact) responses…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Naming, Developmental Disabilities, Teaching Methods
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Simon Y. W. Li; Alan L. F. Lee; Jenny W. S. Chiu; Robert G. Loeb; Penelope M. Sanderson – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2024
Auditory stimuli that are relevant to a listener have the potential to capture focal attention even when unattended, the listener's own name being a particularly effective stimulus. We report two experiments to test the attention-capturing potential of the listener's own name in normal speech and time-compressed speech. In Experiment 1, 39…
Descriptors: Attention, Auditory Stimuli, Listening, Speech Communication
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Jinhee Kim; Sophia Han; Su-Jeong Wee; Sohyun Meacham – Diaspora, Indigenous, and Minority Education, 2024
A name is the starting point to acknowledge the existence of ourselves and others in our lives. However, we live in a society where name-based biases and discrimination have permeated. As transnational parent researchers, we examined our children's names and naming practices through the practice of "Suda" [foreign characters omitted],…
Descriptors: Naming, Children, Racism, Asian Americans
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Lany, Jill; Thompson, Abbie; Aguero, Ariel – Developmental Psychology, 2022
Words influence cognition well before infants know their meanings. For example, three-month-olds are more likely to form visually based categories when exemplars are paired with spoken words than with sine-wave tones, a likely precursor to learning symbolic relations between words and their referents. However, it is unclear why words have these…
Descriptors: Infants, Naming, Nonverbal Communication, Classification
Mo, Yuji – ProQuest LLC, 2022
The research in this dissertation consists of two parts: An active learning algorithm for hierarchical labels and an embedding-based retrieval algorithm. In the first part, we present a new approach for learning hierarchically decomposable concepts. The approach learns a high-level classifier (e.g., location vs. non-location) by separately…
Descriptors: Active Learning, Algorithms, Classification, Models
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Cranford, Edward A.; Moss, Jarrod – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2023
When a situation could lead to multiple mutually exclusive consequences, recent research shows that people automatically generate multiple predictive inferences in memory. Several theoretical mechanisms have been proposed to account for the generation of predictive inferences. One hypothesis is that inferences are minimally encoded, represented…
Descriptors: Prediction, Inferences, Cognitive Processes, Semantics
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Bakopoulou, Milena; Lorenz, Megan G.; Forbes, Samuel H.; Tremlin, Rachel; Bates, Jessica; Samuelson, Larissa K. – Developmental Science, 2023
Words direct visual attention in infants, children, and adults, presumably by activating representations of referents that then direct attention to matching stimuli in the visual scene. Novel, unknown, words have also been shown to direct attention, likely via the activation of more general representations of naming events. To examine the critical…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Attention, Eye Movements, Nouns
Joan Lea Brown – ProQuest LLC, 2023
This qualitative case study focuses on renaming an elementary school in Tulsa, Oklahoma from a Confederate namesake (Robert E. Lee elementary) to a name reflecting Indigenous roots of the Muskogee Creek Nation (Council Oak). The renaming took place during a national movement of removing Confederate symbols and names from public places. The…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, Naming, Indigenous Populations, United States History
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Jones, Alison – New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies, 2021
How did Eruera Pare Hongi--who had an impact on New Zealand's pre-Treaty constitutional and literacy history--come to get his name? Eruera Pare is a transliteration of Edward Parry, a famous Arctic explorer, also known as Admiral Sir William Edward Parry. Why would a young Ngai Tawake man from Waimate, in the north of New Zealand, take the name of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Biographies, Naming, Literacy
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