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Radvansky, Gabriel A.; Doolen, Abigail C.; Pettijohn, Kyle A.; Ritchey, Maureen – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2022
The forgetting curve is one of the most well known and established findings in memory research. Knowing the pattern of memory change over time can provide insight into underlying cognitive mechanisms. The default understanding is that forgetting follows a continuous, negatively accelerating function, such as a power function. We show that this…
Descriptors: Memory, Retention (Psychology), Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory
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Yang, Tian-Xiao; Zhang, Shi-Yu; Wang, Ya; Su, Xiao-Min; Yuan, Chen-Wei; Lui, Simon S. Y.; Chan, Raymond C. K. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2023
Prospective memory (PM) refers to the ability to remember and complete planned tasks in the future, which relies on working memory (WM) for encoding and maintaining the intention. Implementation intention is a useful strategy for improving PM function in adults. Yet the effect of implementation intentions in children, and whether factors such as…
Descriptors: Memory, Children, Intention, Age Differences
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Luke Strickland; Vanessa Bowden; Shayne Loft – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2024
Prospective memory (PM) tasks require remembering to perform a deferred action and can be associated with predictable contexts. We present a theory and computational model, prospective memory decision control (PMDC), of the cognitive processes by which context supports PM. Under control conditions, participants completed lexical decisions. Under…
Descriptors: Memory, Foreign Countries, Undergraduate Students
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Maria Alice Baraldi; Filippo Domaneschi – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2024
Research investigating pragmatic abilities in healthy aging suggests that both production and comprehension might be compromised; however, it is not clear how pragmatic abilities evolve in late adulthood, as well as when difficulties are more likely to arise. The aim of this study is to investigate the decline of pragmatic skills in aging, and to…
Descriptors: Older Adults, Skills, Ability, Aging (Individuals)
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Harrington, Erin E.; Reese-Melancon, Celinda; Bock, Jarrod E. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2023
Prospective memory (PM) refers to our ability to remember to complete future actions. One common everyday PM task that requires further attention is our ability to remember to attend scheduled appointments. The present study focused on appointment attendance as a naturalistic time-based PM task and examined metacognitive factors associated with…
Descriptors: Attendance, Memory, Metacognition, Information Technology
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Nathalie Sinclair – Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education, 2024
A premise of this article is that the current methods used in mathematics education research may be preventing researchers from adequately addressing the body and, in particular, the alignment of acting and knowing. Pursuing a non-dualistic and non-hierarchical approach to learning and knowing, I experiment with new methods that aim to increase…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Motion, Mathematics Education, Computer Software
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Mengcun Gao; Brandon M. Turner; Vladimir M. Sloutsky – Cognitive Science, 2024
Numerous studies have found that selective attention affects category learning. However, previous research did not distinguish between the contribution of focusing and filtering components of selective attention. This study addresses this issue by examining how components of selective attention affect category representation. Participants first…
Descriptors: Attention, Classification, Memory, Knowledge Representation
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Dymarska, Agata; Connell, Louise; Banks, Briony – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2023
Semantic richness theory predicts that words with richer, more distinctive semantic representations should facilitate performance in a word recognition memory task. We investigated the contribution of multiple aspects of sensorimotor experience--those relating to the body, communication, food, and objects--to word recognition memory, by analyzing…
Descriptors: Memory, Semantics, Word Recognition, Sensory Experience
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Carvalho, Monique; Cooper, Alysha; Marmurek, Harvey H. C. – Metacognition and Learning, 2023
Two experiments determined whether metamemory judgments invoking covert retrieval practice for a list of unrelated paired associate words led to the facilitation of learning a subsequent list. Three types of relation between successive lists were compared: negative transfer (A-B, A-D); a control for item-specific proactive interference (A-B, C-D);…
Descriptors: Memory, Repetition, Cues, Paired Associate Learning
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Christine Coughlin; Athula Pudhiyidath; Hannah E. Roome; Nicole L. Varga; Kim V. Nguyen; Alison R. Preston – Developmental Science, 2024
Adults remember items with shared contexts as occurring closer in time to one another than those associated with different contexts, even when their objective temporal distance is fixed. Such temporal memory biases are thought to reflect within-event integration and between-event differentiation processes that organize events according to their…
Descriptors: Memory, Children, Adults, Age Differences
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Gesa Fee Komar; Laura Mieth; Axel Buchner; Raoul Bell – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2024
The animacy effect refers to the memory advantage of words denoting animate beings over words denoting inanimate objects. Remembering animate beings may serve important evolutionary functions, but the cognitive mechanism underlying the animacy effect has remained elusive. According to the richness-of-encoding account, animate words stimulate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Processes, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Farangis Dehnavi; Azizuddin Khan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2024
Purpose: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex developmental condition including persistent challenges with social communication, restricted interests, and repetitive behavior. Though prospective memory failures are commonly observed in ASD population it has been less studied among adults with ASD. Prospective memory (PM) refers to the…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Adults, Memory, Performance
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Zhao, Xin; Jin, Liang; Xiaoliang, Zhu; Maes, Joseph H. R. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2023
Previous research revealed associations between an individual's occupation and cognitive abilities. However, the underlying causal relation is not always clear and only few studies focused on a critical component of executive functioning, namely working memory updating (WMU). Study 1 examined whether restaurant ticket collectors (N = 53) have a…
Descriptors: Occupations, Career Choice, Cognitive Processes, Short Term Memory
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Pathman, Thanujeni; Deker, Lina; Coughlin, Christine; Ghetti, Simona – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
Memory for the time associated with past events is critical for our understanding of episodic memory and its development. Relatively little is known about the factors that influence temporal memory development. One such factor examined in the literature is semantic knowledge for time (conventional time knowledge; CTK). Other possible factors…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Time Perspective, Memory
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Riesthuis, Paul; Otgaar, Henry; Hope, Lorraine; Mangiulli, Ivan – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
In the current experiment, we examined the effects of self-generated deceptive behavior on memory. Participants (n = 230) were randomly assigned to a "strong-incentive to cheat" or "weak-incentive to cheat" condition and played the adapted Sequential Dyadic Die-Rolling paradigm. Participants in the "strong-incentive to…
Descriptors: Incentives, Deception, Memory, Cheating
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