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Coats, Ellen M.; Farrelly, Matthew C.; Henes, Amy L.; Pikowski, Jessica M.; Brown, Elizabeth M.; Nonnemaker, James M. – Health Education Research, 2022
Current use of vaping products has increased in recent years among youth in the United States. We conducted cross-sectional surveys of vaping product users aged 15-17 in New York in 2017 and 2019 to assess vaping frequency, reported nicotine content of vaping products used, risk perceptions of vaping and openness to vaping cannabis (2019 survey…
Descriptors: Smoking, Adolescents, Risk, Attitudes
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Lee, Hyanghee; Henry, Kimberly L. – Journal of School Health, 2022
Background: To determine if school engagement is a viable target for early prevention of adolescent substance use, this study investigated whether school engagement in early adolescence (ages 12-14) is a cause of alcohol and cannabis use during middle to late adolescence (ages 15-19). Methods: To facilitate causal inference, inverse probability of…
Descriptors: Early Adolescents, Adolescents, Late Adolescents, Prevention
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Goycolea, Rodrigo; Castro-Alonso, Juan C.; Dörr, Anneliese – Educational Psychology Review, 2021
Using cannabis (e.g., smoking marijuana) is becoming popular, partly due to a legalization trend across different countries. This tendency has resulted in cannabis consumption being accepted by society as if it were harmless. However, evidence shows that the use of this drug has detrimental effects on cognitive, academic, and professional…
Descriptors: High School Students, Marijuana, Visual Perception, Spatial Ability
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Al-Soleiti, Majd; Balaj, Kayla; Thom, Robyn P.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Keary, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
There is increasing interest in investigating cannabis for behavioral symptoms in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The potential role of dysregulated cannabinoid signaling contributing to the pathophysiology of ASD is an area of active investigation. Results from retrospective and uncontrolled trials of cannabis in subjects with…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Young Adults, Males
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Beard, Sarah Jean; Wolff, Jennifer Michelle – Journal of American College Health, 2022
Objective: Young adulthood (18-25) is the peak age for substance use, but friends who engage in positive behaviors may be protective. The present study examined the direct relation between positive peer affiliation and substance use, and whether positive peer affiliation moderated the relation between self-reported sensation-seeking, future…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Substance Abuse, Correlation, Self Control
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Fontaine, Christine J.; Gräfe, Erin L.; Pinar, Cristina; Río, Itziar Bonilla-Del; Grandes, Pedro; Christie, Brian R. – Learning & Memory, 2020
Cannabinoid receptors are widely expressed throughout the hippocampal formation, but are particularly dense in the dentate gyrus (DG) subregion. We, and others, have shown in mice that cannabinoid type 1 receptors (CB1Rs) are involved in a long-term depression (LTD) that can be induced by prolonged 10 Hz stimulation of the medial perforant path…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals, Marijuana, Depression (Psychology)
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Hsieh, Shu-Hui; Perri, Pier Francesco – Sociological Methods & Research, 2022
We propose some theoretical and empirical advances by supplying the methodology for analyzing the factors that influence two sensitive variables when data are collected by randomized response (RR) survey modes. First, we provide the framework for obtaining the maximum likelihood estimates of logistic regression coefficients under the RR simple and…
Descriptors: Surveys, Models, Response Style (Tests), Marijuana
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Marconi, Agustina M.; Chiarelli, Julieta; Rocha, Silvia Baez; Freddi, Jazmin; Knopoff, Edgardo – Journal of Comparative and International Higher Education, 2021
The cross-sectional study assesses lifetime use of psychoactive substances in medical students. During 2018, medical students from "Universidad de Buenos Aires" (UBA) in Argentina were offered the survey. Males significantly used at least one of the substances studied once in their lives compared to women (AOR: 1.75; IC 95%= 1.11-2.77).…
Descriptors: Drug Use, Medical Students, Foreign Countries, Gender Differences
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Korn, Liat; Haynie, Denise L.; Luk, Jeremy W.; Sita, Kellienne; Simons-Morton, Bruce G. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Prevention of early age initiation of cannabis use is a national priority, highlighting the importance of identifying cannabis-specific attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioral control in relation to initiation age. Methods: Data were from the NEXT Generation Health Study, a national longitudinal sample of US adolescents followed…
Descriptors: Social Influences, Behavior Problems, Age Differences, Marijuana
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Giordano, Amanda L.; Prosek, Elizabeth A.; Henson, Robin K.; Silveus, Sarah; Beijan, Lisa; Reyes, Ana; Molina, Citlali; Agarwal, Sarah M. – Journal of College Counseling, 2021
Given the potential negative effects of vicarious racism, we sought to examine the impact of vicarious racism via the media on college students of color. Using a sample of 217 college students of color, we analyzed positive and negative affect and craving for alcohol and marijuana before and after exposure to media stimuli. Split-plot analysis of…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Racial Bias, Mass Media, College Students
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Park, Sung-Yeon; Ryu, So Young; Constantino, Nora; Yun, Gi Woong; Jennings, Enid; Fred, Daniel – Journal of American College Health, 2022
Objectives: This study explored the relationships between marijuana knowledge, confidence in knowledge, and information efficacy and marijuana use. Furthermore, the effects of the knowledge-related variables were examined on intention to use, resistance efficacy, and intention to vote for legalization. Participants: Undergraduate students (N =…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Knowledge Level, Self Esteem, Drug Use
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Kilwein, Tess M.; Wedell, Emma; Herchenroeder, Luke; Bravo, Adrian J.; Looby, Alison – Journal of American College Health, 2022
Objective: This study aimed to qualitatively examine how perceptions of cannabis differ among college students in an effort to better understand the changing landscape of cannabis on college campuses. Participants: Forty-six predominantly male (69.9%; M[subscript age] = 23.15, SD = 4.11) college students attending a border state university (i.e.,…
Descriptors: College Students, Marijuana, Student Attitudes, Drug Abuse
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Matteau-Pelletier, Laurence; Bélanger, Richard E.; Leatherdale, Scott; Desbiens, François; Haddad, Slim – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: Boys use cannabis at a younger age and more frequently than girls. It has been suggested these sex differences might vary according to students' relationship to school. We explored whether the association between sex and adolescents' cannabis use varies among schools and according to students' school connectedness. Methods: The study…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Marijuana, Drug Use, Student School Relationship
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Sakuma, Kari-Lyn K.; Dolcini, M. Margaret; Seifert, Jessica; Bean, Maddison M.; Fagan, Pebbles; Wilson, Monica; Felicitas-Perkins, Jamie Q.; Blanco, Lyzette; Trinidad, Dennis R. – Health Education & Behavior, 2020
Objectives: Survey items used in surveillance systems to assess the use of emerging products like hookah and electronic inhalant devices (EIDs) may not match definitions used by high-risk populations. This qualitative study explored how African American youth and young adults (YYAs) (1) use hookah and EIDs and (2) identify patterns in the ways…
Descriptors: African Americans, High School Students, Smoking, Adolescents
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Becnel, Jennifer N.; Giano, Zachary; Williams, Amanda L.; Merten, Michael J. – Youth & Society, 2022
A growing body of literature suggests that youth with severe obesity are engaging in substance use. The purpose of the present study was to examine profiles of substance use among adolescents with severe obesity and examine how these profiles are associated with depressive symptomology using data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Obesity, Substance Abuse, Depression (Psychology)
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