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Floor Buschenhenke; Rianne Conijn; Luuk Van Waes – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2024
When (professional) authors work on their texts, they frequently 'jump' around their document to make textual changes and create new content at a wide range of locations. Currently, a range of linearity measures are available to capture this, some of which requiring time-intensive manual coding. Linearity metrics are commonly calculated based on…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Computer Peripherals, Novels
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Ulrich A. Hoensch – PRIMUS, 2024
We present a concrete situation where there is a difference between the theoretical security of a cipher and its limitations when implemented in practice. Specifically, when entering a PIN, smudges on the keypad substantially reduce its security. We show how the number of possible keys in the presence of the "smudge attack" can be…
Descriptors: Information Security, Computer Security, Coding, Undergraduate Study
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Sophie Hall; Veerle M. Baaijen; David Galbraith – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2024
This paper argues that traditional threshold-based approaches to the analysis of pauses in writing fail to capture the complexity of the cognitive processes involved in text production. It proposes that, to capture these processes, pause analysis should focus on the transition times between linearly produced units of text. Following a review of…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Cognitive Processes, Writing Processes, College Students
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Jens Roeser; Sven De Maeyer; Mariëlle Leijten; Luuk Van Waes – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2024
To writing anything on a keyboard at all requires us to know first what to type, then to activate motor programmes for finger movements, and execute these. An interruption in the information flow at any of these stages leads to disfluencies. To capture this combination of fluent typing and typing hesitations, researchers calculate different…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Bayesian Statistics, Writing (Composition), Writing Evaluation
Marsallay L. Spicer – ProQuest LLC, 2023
In the era of technology and digital standardized testing, one might question the practicality of teaching cursive handwriting to early learners. The problem addressed in this study is that due to the increased use of technology in the Montessori classroom, teachers may not value cursive handwriting instruction as an important skill for early…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Writing Instruction, Montessori Schools, Teacher Attitudes
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Valenzuela, Ángel; Castillo, Ramón D. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2023
Multiple factors simultaneously interact during the writing process. The effect of these interacting factors must be considered if writing is studied as a dynamic and complex process that constantly changes. Based on that premise, the study aims to determine how the interaction between the reading medium and the communicative purpose of a writing…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Writing Research, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Reading Writing Relationship
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Lisa Haake; Sebastian Wallot; Monika Tschense; Joachim Grabowski – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2024
Recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) is a time-series analysis method that uses autocorrelation properties of typing data to detect regularities within the writing process. The following paper first gives a detailed introduction to RQA and its application to time series data. We then apply RQA to keystroke logging data of first and foreign…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Keyboarding (Data Entry), Word Processing, Writing Processes
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Spilling, Eivor Finset; Rønneberg, Vibeke; Rogne, Wenke Mork; Roeser, Jens; Torrance, Mark – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
To date, there is no clear evidence to support choosing handwriting over keyboarding or vice versa as the modality children should use when they first learn to write. 102 Norwegian first-grade children from classrooms that used both electronic touchscreen keyboard on a digital tablet and pencil-and-paper for writing instruction wrote narratives in…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Beginning Writing, Story Telling
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Abecassis, Sharon; Magen, Hagit; Weintraub, Naomi – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2023
Higher education students with specific learning disorders (SLD) often experience difficulties in basic learning skills, including typing on computers, which has become the most common writing mode for academic purposes. This may affect their academic performance. We compared the typing performance, product, and technique (screen gaze, finger use)…
Descriptors: Office Occupations, Performance, College Students, Learning Disabilities
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Uto, Masaki; Miyazawa, Yoshimitsu; Kato, Yoshihiro; Nakajima, Koji; Kuwata, Hajime – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2020
Teaching writing strategies based on writing processes has attracted wide attention as a method for developing writing skills. The writing process can be generally defined as a sequence of subtasks, such as planning, formulation, and revision. Therefore, instructor feedback is often given based on sequence patterns of those subtasks. For such…
Descriptors: Markov Processes, Writing Processes, Writing Skills, Keyboarding (Data Entry)
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McDuff, Emeline; Lanovaz, Marc J.; Morin, Diane; Vona, Mélissa; Kheloufi, Yasmine; Giannakakos, Antonia R. – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
Background: Due to deficits in adaptive and cognitive functioning, productivity may pose challenges for individuals with intellectual disability in the workplace. Method: Using a changing-criterion embedded in a multiple baseline across participants design, we examined the effects of differential reinforcement of high rates of behaviour (DRH) on…
Descriptors: Adults, Job Performance, Productivity, Intellectual Disability
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Conijn, Rianne; Speltz, Emily Dux; Zaanen, Menno van; Waes, Luuk Van; Chukharev-Hudilainen, Evgeny – Written Communication, 2022
The study of revision has been a topic of interest in writing research over the past decades. Numerous studies have, for instance, shown that learning-to-revise is one of the key competences in writing development. Moreover, several models of revision have been developed, and a variety of taxonomies have been used to measure revision in empirical…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Revision (Written Composition), Writing Evaluation, Evaluation Methods
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Gür, Tahir – Education Quarterly Reviews, 2021
The lecturing instruction method stands out as the most used education method in university classrooms. Students and researchers have developed study techniques to reduce the disadvantages of this method to increase success at the undergraduate level. The most important, common, and traditional of them is taking note. The verbatim note-taking,…
Descriptors: Notetaking, Handwriting, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Correlation
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Wu, Zhenhua; Chiang, Feng-Kuang – Interactive Learning Environments, 2023
Although computer-assisted vocabulary acquisition tools have been widely applied to English as a foreign language learning, the kinesthetic and tactile potential of such tools has not been fully utilized. Embodied cognition suggested that the change of practice modality (from handwriting to keyboarding), involves different sensory-motor…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Keyboarding (Data Entry), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Kuvar, Vishal; Flynn, Lauren; Allen, Laura; Mills, Caitlin – International Educational Data Mining Society, 2023
Computer-mediated social learning contexts have become increasingly popular over the last few years; yet existing models of students' cognitive-affective states have been slower to adopt dyadic interaction data for predictions. Here, we explore the possibility of capitalizing on the inherently social component of collaborative learning by using…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Trust (Psychology), Socialization, Keyboarding (Data Entry)
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