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Zhu, Xinhua; Wu, Han; Zhang, Lanfang – IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies, 2022
Automatic short-answer grading (ASAG) is a key component of intelligent tutoring systems. Deep learning is an advanced method to deal with recognizing textual entailment tasks in an end-to-end manner. However, deep learning methods for ASAG still remain challenging mainly because of the following two major reasons: (1) high-precision scoring…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Grading, Automation, Models
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MacLellan, Christopher J.; Koedinger, Kenneth R. – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2022
Intelligent tutoring systems are effective for improving students' learning outcomes (Pane et al. 2013; Koedinger and Anderson, "International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education," 8, 1-14, 1997; Bowen et al. "Journal of Policy Analysis and Management," 1, 94-111 2013). However, constructing tutoring systems that…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Artificial Intelligence, Models, Instructional Design
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Frost, Stephanie; McCalla, Gord – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2021
The focus of this paper is a novel pedagogical planner that we have developed called the CFLS planner (Collaborative Filtering based on Learning Sequences). The CFLS planner has been designed for an open-ended and unstructured learning environment based on the ecological approach (EA) architecture (McCalla "Journal of Interactive Media in…
Descriptors: Educational Planning, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Artificial Intelligence
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Pelánek, Radek; Effenberger, Tomáš; Cechák, Jaroslav – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2022
Complexity and difficulty are two closely related but distinct concepts. These concepts are important in the development of intelligent learning systems, e.g., for sequencing items, student modeling, or content management. We show how to use complexity and difficulty measures in the development of learning systems and provide guidance on how to…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Measurement Techniques, Computer System Design
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Shakya, Anup; Rus, Vasile; Venugopal, Deepak – International Educational Data Mining Society, 2021
Predicting student problem-solving strategies is a complex problem but one that can significantly impact automated instruction systems since they can adapt or personalize the system to suit the learner. While for small datasets, learning experts may be able to manually analyze data to infer student strategies, for large datasets, this approach is…
Descriptors: Prediction, Problem Solving, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Learning Strategies
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Laine, Joakim; Lindqvist, Timo; Korhonen, Tiina; Hakkarainen, Kai – International Journal of Technology in Education and Science, 2022
Advances in immersive virtual reality (I-VR) technology have allowed for the development of I-VR learning environments (I-VRLEs) with increasing fidelity. When coupled with a sufficiently advanced computer tutor agent, such environments can facilitate asynchronous and self-regulated approaches to learning procedural skills in industrial settings.…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Computer Simulation, Industry, Job Skills
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Peng, Tzu-Hsiang; Wang, Tzu-Hua – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2022
Pedagogical agents (PAs) are a crucial aspect of the e-learning environment. A PA is defined as a virtual character presented on an interface, and they are designed to promote student learning. PAs have been widely discussed in academic papers. However, an appropriate analysis framework has not been proposed because of the diversity and complexity…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Instructional Effectiveness, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Evaluation Methods
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Zhou, Guojing; Azizsoltani, Hamoon; Ausin, Markel Sanz; Barnes, Tiffany; Chi, Min – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2022
In interactive e-learning environments such as Intelligent Tutoring Systems, pedagogical decisions can be made at different levels of granularity. In this work, we focus on making decisions at "two levels": whole problems vs. single steps and explore three types of granularity: "problem-level only" ("Prob-Only"),…
Descriptors: Electronic Learning, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Decision Making, Problem Solving
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Lodder, Josje; Heeren, Bastiaan; Jeuring, Johan; Neijenhuis, Wendy – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2021
This paper describes LOGAX, an interactive tutoring tool that gives hints and feedback to a student who stepwise constructs a Hilbert-style axiomatic proof in propositional logic. LOGAX generates proofs to calculate hints and feedback. We compare these generated proofs with expert proofs and student solutions, and conclude that the quality of the…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Cues, Feedback (Response), Mathematical Logic
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Boussaha, Karima; Boussouf, Raouf Amir – International Journal of Virtual and Personal Learning Environments, 2022
Several researchers studied the impact of collaboration between the learners, but few studies have been carried out on the impact of collaboration between teachers. In the previous work, the authors have studied the impact of the collaboration among the learners with a specific collaborative CEHL(K. Boussaha et al.,2015). In this work, the authors…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Cooperative Learning, Coaching (Performance), Intelligent Tutoring Systems
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Gatewood, Jessica; Tawfik, Andrew; Gish-Lieberman, Jaclyn J. – TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 2022
Differentiated instruction contends that teachers should vary their instructional strategies to match the learners' individual differences. However, this is challenging due to various constraints of classroom and contextual variables. Adaptive systems offer a solution to this challenge, especially as instruction has increasingly moved towards an…
Descriptors: Individualized Instruction, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Style
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Wiegand, R. Paul; Bucci, Anthony; Kumar, Amruth N.; Albert, Jennifer; Gaspar, Alessio – ACM Transactions on Computing Education, 2022
In this article, we leverage ideas from the theory of coevolutionary computation to analyze interactions of students with problems. We introduce the idea of "informatively" easy or hard concepts. Our approach is different from more traditional analyses of problem difficulty such as item analysis in the sense that we consider Pareto…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Difficulty Level, Computer Science Education, Problem Solving
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Bos, Rogier; van den Bogaart, Theo – Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education, 2022
This design-based study addresses the issue of how to digitally support students' problem-solving by providing heuristics, in the absence of the teacher. The problem is that, so far, digital tutoring systems lack the ability to diagnose students' needs in open problem situations. Our approach is based on students' ability to self-diagnose and find…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Problem Solving, Help Seeking, Intelligent Tutoring Systems
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Carlon, May Kristine Jonson; Cross, Jeffrey S. – Open Education Studies, 2022
Adaptive learning is provided in intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) to enable learners with varying abilities to meet their expected learning outcomes. Despite the personalized learning afforded by ITSes using adaptive learning, learners are still susceptible to shallow learning. Introducing metacognitive tutoring to teach learners how to be aware…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Metacognition, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level
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Matsuda, Noboru – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2022
This paper demonstrates that a teachable agent (TA) can play a dual role in an online learning environment (OLE) for learning by teaching--the teachable agent working as a synthetic peer for students to learn by teaching and as an interactive tool for cognitive task analysis when authoring an OLE for learning by teaching. We have developed an OLE…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Teaching Methods, Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Feedback (Response)
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