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Autumn K. Wilke – Educational Forum, 2024
Expectations of smartness are woven into the foundation of postsecondary education (e.g. admissions, grading). This content analysis examines current postsecondary dis/ability literature through the theoretical frame of DisCrit to identify how concepts of smartness are treated within the field. The findings call for greater interrogation of the…
Descriptors: Journal Articles, Postsecondary Education, Learning Disabilities, Attitudes toward Disabilities
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Rowe, Luke I.; Hattie, John; Hester, Robert – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2021
Collective intelligence (CI) is said to manifest in a group's domain general mental ability. It can be measured across a battery of group IQ tests and statistically reduced to a latent factor called the "c-factor." Advocates have found the c-factor predicts group performance better than individual IQ. We test this claim by meta-analyzing…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Differences, Meta Analysis
Raymond Blevins – ProQuest LLC, 2022
The quantitative nonexperimental correlational study examines principals' attitudes towards intelligence and inclusion and the academic growth of students with disabilities. Additionally, the study comparatively examined principals' attitudes toward intelligence and inclusion across 11 demographic factors. The Theories of Intelligence Scale --…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Principals, Public Schools
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Nikel, Lukasz – International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 2023
The present study explored the occupational aspirations of school-age children (N = 394) comparing differences by gender, level of intelligence and grade level. Results indicated that girls' aspirations were more realistic, intrinsically motivated, prosocial and inclusive of higher education than those of boys. Moreover, a higher level of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Occupational Aspiration, Gender Differences, Intelligence Differences
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Steve Graham; Stephen Ciullo; Alyson Collins – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2024
Seventy-five general and 65 special education teachers working in the same 65 elementary schools in 12 different U.S. school districts were surveyed about their mindsets concerning the malleability of writing and intelligence as well as their practices for teaching writing. All teachers taught writing to one or more fourth-grade students receiving…
Descriptors: Regular and Special Education Relationship, Elementary School Teachers, Writing Processes, Writing (Composition)
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von Krause, Mischa; Lerche, Veronika; Schubert, Anna-Lena; Voss, Andreas – Journal of Intelligence, 2020
In comparison to young adults, middle-aged and old people show lower scores in intelligence tests and slower response times in elementary cognitive tasks. Whether these well-documented findings can both be attributed to a general cognitive slow-down across the life-span has become subject to debate in the last years. The drift diffusion model can…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Intelligence Tests, Age Differences, Intelligence Differences
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Tatiana Mikhaylova; Daniel Pettersson – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2024
The concept of differentiation holds immense significance in education, touching upon aspects like access, inclusion, justice, and equality. However, it is also a complex and elusive notion, which acquires different meanings across historical and cultural contexts. This article explores the shifting reasoning about differentiation in the Swedish…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Individualized Instruction, Educational Policy, Politics of Education
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Lewis, Andrew – Perspectives in Education, 2019
With the ascent of the National Party to power in South Africa in 1948, education reflected apartheid thinking and practices and implemented the ideology of separate development in educational institutions. Pronouncements of the African child's inferiority were reflected in government policy and legislation. The origins of this thinking and…
Descriptors: Blacks, Foreign Countries, Race, Educational Policy
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Yildiz, Mevlüt; Öntürk, Yavuz; Efek, Engin – Asian Journal of Education and Training, 2020
The aim of this study is to determine the dominant intelligence modality of university students who receive sports education and to examine intelligence modality in terms of various variables. The survey model was chosen for the model of the study. 251 students voluntarily participated in the study. A 6-question Personal Information Form was used…
Descriptors: Physical Education, College Students, Multiple Intelligences, Foreign Countries
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Gillborn, David – Peabody Journal of Education, 2018
Derrick Bell's thesis, that racism is a permanent feature of society, is frequently misrepresented by detractors as signaling a view of racism as monolithic--bold, obvious, and unchanging. This paper argues that critical race theory [CRT] reveals a very different understanding of racism as relentless, yet fluid, and quick to morph depending on…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Race, Achievement Gap, Racial Differences
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Marishane, Nylon Ramodikoe – Bulgarian Comparative Education Society, 2016
School improvement is admittedly the main business of school leadership. However, while there is agreement on the importance of school improvement, sustaining this improvement remains a challenge. The challenge seems to lie in the disconnection between the leader and the context in which the school operates. This chapter presents contextual…
Descriptors: Sustainability, Educational Improvement, Leadership Effectiveness, Context Effect
Sternberg, Robert J. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2017
IQs increased by about 30 points in the 20th century. Part of this increase may have been the result of increased standardized testing because testing improves the skills on which students are tested. But although these practices may increase general intelligence, they may impede the development of creativity and wisdom. As a result, our society…
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Differences, Academic Achievement, Creativity
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Hülür, Gizem; Gasimova, Fidan; Robitzsch, Alexander; Wilhelm, Oliver – Child Development, 2018
Intellectual engagement (IE) refers to enjoyment of intellectual activities and is proposed as causal for knowledge acquisition. The role of IE for cognitive development was examined utilizing 2-year longitudinal data from 112 ninth graders (average baseline age: 14.7 years). Higher baseline IE predicted higher baseline crystallized ability but…
Descriptors: Intellectual Experience, Learner Engagement, Cognitive Development, Longitudinal Studies
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Al Jaddou, Esam Abdullah – Educational Research and Reviews, 2018
Existential intelligence is often neglected in literature, especially at the tertiary level. Therefore this study aims to identify the degree of existential intelligence in a sample of graduate students at the World Islamic Sciences University in Jordan. In addition, the study aims to find out whether this degree differs according to a number of…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Islamic Culture, Intelligence Differences, Intelligence
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Hopkins, Thomas; Clegg, Judy; Stackhouse, Joy – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2018
Background: A high prevalence of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) is reported in the population of Young Offenders (YO). However, little is known about the extent of the association between language and offending behaviour relative to social disadvantage, education attendance and non-verbal intelligence (IQ), and neither has this association…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Delinquency, Juvenile Justice, Expository Writing
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