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Frank Gorritz – Counselor Education and Supervision, 2024
Despite a perceived post-racist era prevalent in various forms of social discourse, racial injustice is still perpetuated throughout the United States. This conceptual article explores the ways white supremacy is still prevalent in counselor education as well as ways to disrupt white supremacy in counselor education.
Descriptors: Whites, Racism, Counselor Training, Social Justice
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Soland, James – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2023
Most individuals who take, interpret, design, or score tests are aware that examinees do not always provide full effort when responding to items. However, many such individuals are not aware of how pervasive the issue is, what its consequences are, and how to address it. In this digital ITEMS module, Dr. James Soland will help fill these gaps in…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Tests, Scores, Incidence
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Hunt, Kevin P.; Griffin, Lisa M. – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2023
Osteoporosis and osteopenia are conditions under which the bodies creation of new bone tissue does not sufficiently match the degradation rate of existing bone. Both conditions are characterized by low bone mineral density, deterioration of bone tissue, and disruption of bone microarchitecture. Osteopenia is often considered a precursor to…
Descriptors: Diseases, Females, Adults, Incidence
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Musu M. Sesay; Courtney E. McCracken; Christine Stewart; Gregory Simon; Robert Penfold; Brian Ahmedani; Rebecca C. Rossom; Christine Y. Lu; Arne Beck; Karen J. Coleman; Yihe Daida; Frances L. Lynch; John Zeber; Laurel Copeland; Ashli Owen-Smith – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Currently, the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (henceforth "autism") is 1 in 36, an increasing trend from previous estimates. In 2015, the United States adopted a new version (International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision) of the World Health Organization coding system, a standard for classifying medical conditions. Our…
Descriptors: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Incidence, Classification, Clinical Diagnosis
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Eric J. Paulson; Jodi Patrick Holschuh; Jodi P. Lampi – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2024
In order to better understand whether and how college students use certain textbook reading strategies, this project employed several important methods in concert, including a textbook reading strategy inventory that focused on frequency of strategy use, eye-movement recordings of participants reading college textbook excerpts, and think-aloud…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Textbooks, College Students, Incidence
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Jiali Song; Benjamin Wolfe – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2024
The low prevalence effect (LPE) is a cognitive limitation commonly found in visual search tasks, in which observers miss rare targets. Drivers looking for road hazards are also subject to the LPE. However, not all road hazards are equal; a paper bag floating down the road is much less dangerous than a rampaging moose. Here, we asked whether…
Descriptors: Traffic Safety, Motor Vehicles, Incidence, Identification
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Chen, Min; Liu, Yanqiu; Yang, Harrison Hao; Li, Yating; Zhou, Chi – Education and Information Technologies, 2023
Online teacher professional development (OTPD) opportunities are made available to teachers and draw increasing research attention. As the key characteristics of teachers' participation in OTPD, the frequency and quality of participation are increasingly concerned. However, the relationship between teacher participation frequency and participation…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Online Courses, Teacher Participation, Incidence
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E. Hill; S. Calder; C. Candy; G. Truscott; J. Kaur; B. Savage; S. Reilly – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2024
Background and Aims: Epidemiological studies have provided invaluable insight into the origin and impact of low language skills in childhood and adolescence. However, changing terminology and diagnostic guidelines have contributed to variable estimations of the prevalence of developmental language difficulties. The aim of this review was to…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Incidence, Developmental Delays, Children
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Luke Billingham; Fern Gillon – British Educational Research Journal, 2024
School exclusion reduction in Scotland--and especially in the city of Glasgow--has received substantial media and policy attention in recent years. In London in particular, multiple governmental agencies have explicitly expressed a desire to replicate the exclusion reduction which recently occurred in Glasgow, often citing the connection between…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Expulsion, Barriers, Incidence
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Bor Luen Tang – Research Ethics, 2024
Scientific research is supposed to acquire or generate knowledge, but such a purpose would be severely undermined by instances of research misconduct (RM) and questionable research practices (QRP). RM and QRP are often framed in terms of moral transgressions by individuals (bad apples) whose aberrant acts could be made conducive by shortcomings in…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Ethics, Integrity, Cheating
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Zhao, Li; Li, Yingying; Sun, Wenjin; Zheng, Yi; Harris, Paul L. – Developmental Science, 2023
There is extensive research on the development of cheating in early childhood but research on how to reduce it is rare. The present preregistered study examined whether telling young children about a story character's emotional reactions towards cheating could significantly reduce their tendency to cheat (N = 400; 199 boys; Age: 3-6 years).…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Ethics, Cheating, Incidence
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O'Donnell, Patrick – Education Next, 2023
With college-loan debt making many rethink the country's college-for-all mindset, apprenticeships are becoming more attractive. Before the pandemic, the number of people starting apprenticeships had more than doubled over the previous 10 years. That progress stalled during COVID's height, but data for 2021, the most recent available, show that…
Descriptors: Apprenticeships, Incidence, Nontraditional Education, Educational Change
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Smith, Erica; Smith, Andrew – International Journal of Training and Development, 2023
This paper examines the use of informal training for workers, by Australian companies and other organisations. Using survey data, it reports the prevalence of informal training and also the utilisation of different types of informal training. Differences are found by employer size, particularly for the different types. By examining qualitative…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Corporate Education, Workplace Learning, Incidence
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Sarah A Carter; Jane C Lin; Ting Chow; Mayra P Martinez; Jasmin M Alves; Klara R Feldman; Chunyuan Qiu; Kathleen A Page; Rob McConnell; Anny H Xiang – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2024
Early intervention can reduce disability in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Screening for autism spectrum disorder in young children identifies those at increased likelihood of diagnosis who may need further support. This study assessed in "utero" exposure to maternal obesity and diabetes and offspring performance on…
Descriptors: Obesity, Diabetes, Mothers, Pregnancy
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Bimler, David; Uusküla, Mari – Field Methods, 2021
When informants from a given culture are asked to list items from a specified semantic domain, their lists provide two indicators of each term's prominence or salience: its frequency of appearance across lists and its mean position within the lists that include it. Smith et al. (1995), Sutrop (2001), and most recently Robbins et al. (2017) have…
Descriptors: Semantics, Incidence, Correlation, Graphs
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