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Tomlinson, Michael; Watermeyer, Richard – Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 2022
The institutional form and conception of Higher Education have changed through the growth of mass higher education, which in many national systems now operates on market logics. Drawing on theories of credentialism, this article provides a critical analysis of the inter-relationship between massification and marketization and examines a range of…
Descriptors: Credentials, Commercialization, Higher Education, Grade Inflation
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Baglione, Stephen L.; Smith, Zachary – Quality Assurance in Education: An International Perspective, 2022
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine whether students perceive grade inflation as a problem. It questions whether differences exist in perceptions based upon gender and grade point average (GPA). Design/methodology/approach: Previously validated scales were used to assess perceptions. The sample included 108 full-time…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Gender Differences
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FORUM: for promoting 3-19 comprehensive education, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic severely disrupted education at all levels. One consequence was that alternative arrangements had to be made for the 2021 summer public examinations. Exam boards asked staff at schools and colleges to generate, for each subject, teacher-assessed grades for their students. The submitted grades had to reflect 'a fair,…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Grading, Student Evaluation, Summative Evaluation
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Denning, Jeffrey T.; Eide, Eric R.; Patterson, Richard W.; Mumford, Kevin J.; Warnick, Merrill – Education Next, 2022
At least one third of all U.S. college students don't get a degree, even six years after they enroll. Earlier research focusing on trends through 1990 found broad declines in college graduation rates, especially among men attending less-selective four-year schools. Since then, however, the picture of college enrollment has changed dramatically,…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Grade Point Average, Graduation Rate, Student Characteristics
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Maamari, Bassem E.; Naccache, Hiba S. – Journal of Global Education and Research, 2022
Asking students to evaluate teaching faculty by every ending semester in modern education is an established trend. In the higher education circles, it is validated based on a large body of research showing a relationship between these evaluations and students' achievement. The arising problem is whether this relation is positively associated or…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade Inflation, Student Evaluation of Teacher Performance, College Students
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Jephcote, Calvin; Medland, Emma; Lygo-Baker, Simon – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2021
The move from elite to mass systems of higher education has been accompanied by concerns relating to the quality of provision and standards, particularly in relation to the increasing proportion of higher grades awarded to students. Bayesian multilevel models were used to investigate the temporal trend of grade attainment in 101 higher education…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Grades (Scholastic), Academic Achievement, Intelligence
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Hermanowicz, Joseph C.; Woodring, David W. – Innovative Higher Education, 2019
Scholars have argued that grade inflation is pervasive throughout colleges and universities and that it is presently at an all-time high. Inflation is, however, a temporal concept: it is theoretically impossible for grades to keep increasing on a fixed scale. In this article we examine a related, though empirically distinct, phenomenon: the…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Intellectual Disciplines, Grading, Undergraduate Students
Al-Jarf, Reima – Online Submission, 2022
This study investigates grade inflation in 127 language, linguistics, translation, education, and computer courses taught at some Saudi universities before, during and after the Pandemic. Grades obtained from some instructors for courses taught over 8 semesters were analyzed. It was found that between 20% 65% chose a pass/no-grade results, the…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Universities, Foreign Countries, COVID-19
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Müller-Benedict, Volker; Gaens, Thomas – European Journal of Higher Education, 2020
This article analyses a number of trends in final exam results at selected German universities. Our research covers 12 prominent fields of study from 1960 to 2010. Data prior to 1997 were collected from eight university archives. The first part of the article descriptively presents long-term stable differences between fields of study as well as…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade Inflation, Grading, Educational Trends
Haladyna, Thomas M. – IDEA Center, Inc., 2019
The author discusses valid and reliable ways to assign grades in an academic course in any discipline. "Validity" means the accuracy of a grade's reflection of student learning and achievement. "Reliability" concerns the degree of random error that might be present and affect validity. First the author defines a grade as a…
Descriptors: Grading, Validity, Reliability, Evaluation Criteria
Beach, Josh M. – New England Journal of Higher Education, 2021
What do students learn in school? In the 21 century, this question has become a political dilemma for countries around the globe. It is a deceptively simple question, but there has never been an easy answer. The problem of measuring student learning appears to express an educational problem: What and how much do students learn? Most student…
Descriptors: Learning, Accountability, Grade Inflation, Evaluation Problems
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Griffin, Robert; Townsley, Matt – Journal of School Administration Research and Development, 2021
With a strong movement of schools starting to use standards-based grading practices, one of the aims of this study was to learn if traditional grading practices communicate grades that are accurate based on the students' learning of the course objectives. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which employability and homework…
Descriptors: High School Students, Grade Inflation, Homework, Employment Potential
Sorurbakhsh-Castillo, Marjan – ProQuest LLC, 2018
There exists a lack of communication among teachers about grade inflation. The problem is teachers do not understand the consequences of grade inflation. This instrumental case study is important because without meaningful grading, students are less prepared to function in today's society and teachers are subject to high levels of scrutiny and…
Descriptors: High School Teachers, Grade Inflation, Teacher Attitudes, High School Freshmen
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Akinde, Oluwatoyin Adenike – Educational Research and Reviews, 2020
This study on grading was based on a mixed-method design. Assessment and evaluation have been used synonymously with grading, and have a deeply seated significance in the matters of curriculum, learning outcomes, and instructional strategies, to name a few. A point of convergence in the literature is that grade is an indication of student's…
Descriptors: Grading, Graduate Students, Adults, Masters Programs
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Morrison, Andrew – British Journal of Educational Studies, 2021
This article discusses concerns raised by the Office for Students (OfS) and other policy actors regarding perceived grade inflation in undergraduate degree classifications in England. I employ a desert-based justice philosophical framework to argue that the criticisms made by the OfS can be understood in light of the position that degree…
Descriptors: Grade Inflation, Higher Education, Undergraduate Students, Justice
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