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Russo, James; Corovic, Ellen; Hubbard, Jane; Bobis, Janette; Downton, Ann; Livy, Sharyn; Sullivan, Peter – Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 2022
Traditionally Australian primary school teachers have been viewed as generalists responsible for instruction across all content areas. Adopting self-determination theory as a lens, the aim of the study was to explore the extent to which generalist primary school teachers are interested in becoming subject matter specialists. Questionnaire data…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Grade Equivalent Scores, Foreign Countries, Specialization
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Lauen, Douglas Lee; Gaddis, S. Michael – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2016
Despite common conceptions, evidence on whether No Child Left Behind (NCLB) has had adverse effects for low achieving students is mixed. We hypothesize that the incentive to shift attention away from the lowest achieving students increases with the rigor of state standards. Using panel data from students in North Carolina, we exploit two natural…
Descriptors: Accountability, Academic Standards, Mathematics Achievement, High Achievement
Northwest Evaluation Association, 2014
Recently, Northwest Evaluation Association (NWEA) completed a study to connect the scale of the Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments (MCA) Testing Program used for Minnesota's mathematics and reading assessments with NWEA's RIT (Rasch Unit) scale. Information from the state assessments was used in a study to establish performance-level scores on…
Descriptors: Alignment (Education), Testing Programs, State Programs, Mathematics Tests
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Irwing, Paul; Booth, Tom; Nyborg, Helmuth; Rushton, J. Philippe – Intelligence, 2012
We examined whether the General Factor of Personality (GFP) is related to the "g" factor of cognitive ability using data from the Vietnam Experience Study which randomly sampled 4462 Vietnam War veterans from a total sample of about five million Vietnam era army veterans. Exclusionary criteria included passing a fitness test, achieving a…
Descriptors: Intelligence, War, Aptitude Tests, Personality
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Dalton, Benjamin – Comparative Education Review, 2012
This article examines how international differences in age-grade distributions and grade effects contribute to science scores among 27 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. As shown in the 2006 Program for International Student Assessment, countries vary substantially in the grade distribution of 15-year-olds. The costs…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Comparative Testing
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Freeman, Scott; Haak, David; Wenderoth, Mary Pat – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2011
We tested the hypothesis that highly structured course designs, which implement reading quizzes and/or extensive in-class active-learning activities and weekly practice exams, can lower failure rates in an introductory biology course for majors, compared with low-structure course designs that are based on lecturing and a few high-risk assessments.…
Descriptors: Evidence, Tests, Biology, Introductory Courses
Kariuki, Patrick; Gentry, Christi – Online Submission, 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Accelerated Math utilization on students' grade equivalency scores. Twelve students for both experimental and control groups were randomly selected from 37 students enrolled in math in grades four through six. The experimental group consisted of the students who actively participated in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Grade 4, Grade 5
Pokorski, Frances K. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
No significant difference in beginning ninth-grade pretest compared to ending ninth-grade posttest comparisons of American History t(17) = 0.34, p = 0.37 (one-tailed), d = 0.09, English t(17) = 1.40, p = 0.09 (one-tailed), d = 0.34, and Biology (t(17) = -1.58, p = 0.07 (one-tailed), d = -0.22, course grade scores were observed for students…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, High Schools, At Risk Students, High School Students
Froman, Terry; Brown, Shelly; Tirado, Arleti – Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2008
The teacher's task of assigning letter grades to students and the public's interpretation of them can be perplexing. Does the student's grade represent the level of achievement, the gain in achievement, or some combination of the two? Is the student's effort included in the grade, or are high achievers given good marks regardless of effort? Are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Grades (Scholastic), Standardized Tests, Grade Equivalent Scores
Min, Kyung-Seok – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2007
Most researchers agree that psychological/educational tests are sensitive to multiple traits, implying the need for a multidimensional item response theory (MIRT). One limitation of applying a MIRT in practice is the difficulty in establishing equivalent scales of multiple traits. In this study, a new MIRT linking method was proposed and evaluated…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Multidimensional Scaling, Multitrait Multimethod Techniques, Concept Mapping
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Reynolds, Cecil R.; Willson, Victor L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 1984
A method for calculating "standardized" grade equivalents for learning disabled students is criticized because it recreates some problems of the original mental age concept and has little to offer teachers or diagnostic personnel. (Author/CL)
Descriptors: Grade Equivalent Scores, Learning Disabilities, Scores
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Slinde, Jeffrey A.; Linn, Robert L. – Journal of Educational Measurement, 1977
Conventional linear and equipercentile procedures are reviewed with an emphasis on their utility for equating achievement tests pitched at different levels of difficulty. It is argued that the equipercentile procedure is superior to the linear procedure, but that neither is very satisfactory for the vertical equating problem. (Author/JKS)
Descriptors: Equated Scores, Grade Equivalent Scores, Testing Problems
Psychological Corp., New York, NY. – 1978
Ten tables present equivalent scores between the 1978 Metropolitan Achievement Tests and the 1973 Stanford Achievement Test in terms of grade equivalent (GE) scores. These data were derived empirically by administering the two tests to two groups of students matched in terms of Otis-Lennon Mental Ability Test scores. Equivalent GEs were determined…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade Equivalent Scores, Scaling
Boozer, Robert F. – 1968
The variability among students at the same grade level in the total number of Individually Prescribed Instruction (IPI) units in mathematics and reading mastered during the year 1967-68 is presented in statistical form. Tabulations of the degree of variance show that individualization does occur within the IPI program. (SP)
Descriptors: Grade Equivalent Scores, Individual Differences, Individualized Instruction, Task Performance
Cummings, Robert H. – Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, 1975
This article presents a method of grading students in a physical education course that is based on a point system which rewards work. (RC)
Descriptors: Grade Equivalent Scores, Grading, Higher Education, Physical Education
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