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Marcusson-Clavertz, David; Persson, Stefan D.; Cardeña, Etzel; Terhune, Devin B.; Gort, Cassandra; Kuehner, Christine – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Accumulating evidence suggests that individuals with greater executive resources spend less time mind wandering. Independent strands of research further suggest that this association depends on concentration and a guilty-dysphoric daydreaming style. However, it remains unclear whether this association is specific to particular features of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Attention Control, Factor Analysis, Cognitive Processes
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Follmer, D. Jake; Tise, Joseph – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
Executive functions (EF) have been theoretically implicated in multiple text comprehension. Yet, the contributions of EFs to comprehension and integration of multiple texts have not been tested empirically, and instructional supports for text integration grounded in EFs are only beginning to be developed. Using a conflicting-text paradigm, this…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Strategies, Reading Comprehension, Metacognition
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Freis, Samantha M.; Morrison, Claire L.; Lessem, Jeffrey M.; Hewitt, John K.; Friedman, Naomi P. – Developmental Science, 2022
Executive functions (EFs) and intelligence (IQ) are phenotypically correlated. In twin studies, latent variables for EFs and IQ display moderate to high heritability estimates; however, they show variable genetic correlations in twin studies spanning childhood to middle age. We analyzed data from over 11,000 children (9- to 10-year-olds, including…
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Executive Function, Intelligence
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Scotti, Paul S.; Maxcey, Ashleigh M. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2021
Directed forgetting is a laboratory task in which subjects are told to remember some information and forget other information. In directed forgetting tasks, participants are able to exert intentional control over which information they retain in memory and which information they forget. Forgetting in this task appears to be mediated by intentional…
Descriptors: Memory, Executive Function, Recognition (Psychology), Intention
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Anderman, Eric M.; Gilman, Richard; Liu, Xingfeiyue; Ha, Seung Yon – Psychology in the Schools, 2022
We examine the relationships of executive functioning problems (EFP) to academic cheating in a sample of 855 adolescents. Participants completed assessments of inattention, hyperactivity, and depression using the BASC-2, as well as peer-reports of externalizing behavior. After controlling for known predictors of cheating (e.g., demographics and…
Descriptors: Attention, Executive Function, Hyperactivity, Cheating
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Bardikoff, Nicole; Sabbagh, Mark A. – Child Development, 2021
An important aspect of executive functioning is the ability to flexibly switch between behavioral rules. This study explored how considering the multidimensionality of objects affects behavioral rule switching in 3-year-old children. In Study 1 (N = 40), children who participated in a brief game separating and aggregating an object's dimensions…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Task Analysis, Executive Function, Games
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Goodwin, Corina; Carrigan, Emily; Walker, Kristin; Coppola, Marie – Child Development, 2022
Much research has found disrupted executive functioning (EF) in deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) children; while some theories emphasize the role of auditory deprivation, others posit delayed language experience as the primary cause. This study investigated the role of language and auditory experience in parent-reported EF for 123 preschool-aged…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Executive Function
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Taylor, Christa L.; Zaghi, Arash E. – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2021
The current study addresses gaps in our understanding of the relationship between creative cognition, intelligence (IQ), and executive functioning (EF). Undergraduate students completed an IQ test, verbal and figural divergent thinking (DT) tests, and a self-assessment of EF, across four study sessions. Participant data (N = 199) were analyzed…
Descriptors: Creative Thinking, Executive Function, Intelligence Quotient, Correlation
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Phan, Lee; Tariq, Alina; Lam, Garbo; Pang, Elizabeth W.; Alain, Claude – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Semantic processing impairments are present in a proportion of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Despite the numerous imaging studies investigating this language domain in ASD, there is a lack of consensus regarding the brain structures showing abnormal pattern of activity. This meta-analysis aimed to identify neural activation…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Semantics, Language Processing
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Fernandez-Prieto, Montse; Moreira, Célia; Cruz, Sara; Campos, Vânia; Martínez-Regueiro, Rocío; Taboada, Maria; Carracedo, Angel; Sampaio, Adriana – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction, executive functioning, sensory-perceptual abilities and behaviour, such as anxious/depressed states, attention problems, aggression, or somatic complains. However, the dynamic relationship between these dimensions remains to be…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior
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Uljarevic, Mirko; Frazier, Thomas W.; Rached, Gaëlle; Busch, Robyn M.; Klaas, Patricia; Srivastava, Siddharth; Martinez-Agosto, Julian A.; Sahin, Mustafa; Eng, Charis; Hardan, Antonio Y. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
This study aimed to characterize the relationship between insistence on sameness (IS), executive functioning (EF) and anxiety among individuals with "PTEN" mutations and individuals with macrocephalic ASD. The sample included 38 individuals with "PTEN" mutation and ASD diagnosis ("PTEN"-ASD; M[subscript age] =…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Anxiety, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Maat, Donna A.; Schuurmans, Isabel K.; Jongerling, Joran; Metcalf, Stephen A.; Lucassen, Nicole; Franken, Ingmar H. A.; Prinzie, Peter; Jansen, Pauline W. – Child Development, 2022
This preregistered study examined whether child temperament and executive functions moderated the longitudinal association between early life stress (ELS) and behavior problems. In a Dutch population-based cohort (n = 2803), parents reported on multiple stressors (age 0-6 years), child temperament (age 5), and executive functions (age 4), and…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Behavior Problems, Early Experience, Personality
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Gandotra, Aditi; Csaba, Sára; Sattar, Yasar; Cserényi, Vanda; Bizonics, Róbert; Cserjesi, Renata; Kotyuk, Eszter – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2022
The relationship between motor skills and executive functions (EFs) is gaining prominence in the field of developmental psychology. However, evidence of the motor skills--EFs link in children with typical development is somewhat inconsistent and there has been no adequate attempt to evaluate it systematically across studies. In view of this, the…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Executive Function, Child Development, Children
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Gutierrez-Colina, Ana M.; Davis, Molly; Eaton, Cyd K.; LaMotte, Julia; Cushman, Grace; Quast, Lauren; Blount, Ronald L.; Suveg, Cynthia – Journal of American College Health, 2022
Objective: To examine the role of executive functioning (EF) in health self-management and the transition to adult health care among college students. Participants: A total of 378 undergraduate students from a public university participated in the study. Methods: Participants reported on EF, health self-management skills, and their readiness to…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Self Management, Health Behavior, Undergraduate Students
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Sadeghi, Saeid; Shalani, Bita; Nejati, Vahid – Early Child Development and Care, 2022
The inhibitory control (IC) is one of the basic executive functions (EFs) that all other EFs are hierarchically perched on this ability. Current knowledge of IC development in the elementary school years is limited. In this study, three tasks; go/no-go task (response inhibition), flanker task (attentional inhibition), and circle-tracing time task…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Inhibition, Self Control
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