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Vivanti, Giacomo; Messinger, Daniel S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
The purely descriptive definition of autism introduced by the DSM III in 1980 marked a departure from previous DSM editions, which mixed phenomenological descriptions with psychoanalytic theories of etiology. This provided a blank slate upon which a variety of novel theories emerged to conceptualize autism and its treatment in the following four…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theories, Etiology
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van den Akker, Natalie; Kroezen, Marieke; Wieland, Jannelien; Pasma, Annelieke; Wolkorte, Ria – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Background: Aggressive behaviour is prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities. To understand the aetiology, it is important to recognize factors associated with the behaviour. Method: A systematic review was conducted and included studies published between January 2002 and April 2017 on the association of behavioural, psychiatric and…
Descriptors: Aggression, Intellectual Disability, Etiology, Behavior
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Ohashi, Kei; Fukuhara, Satomi; Miyachi, Taishi; Asai, Tomoko; Imaeda, Masayuki; Goto, Masahide; Kurokawa, Yoshie; Anzai, Tatsuya; Tsurusaki, Yoshinori; Miyake, Noriko; Matsumoto, Naomichi; Yamagata, Takanori; Saitoh, Shinji – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Although genetic factors are involved in the etiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the significance of genetic analysis in clinical settings is unclear. Forty-nine subjects diagnosed with non-syndromic ASD were analyzed by microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis, whole-exome sequencing (WES) analysis, and panel sequencing…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Etiology
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Sharma, Ajay – Curriculum Inquiry, 2022
Blaming teachers and schools for perceived or actual educational failures are popular tropes for justifying educational reforms in the United States. Critical educational research implicates neoliberalism in the normalized positioning of teachers and schools as the key suspects in educational failures. This article critiques the etiology of…
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Etiology, Attribution Theory, Academic Failure
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Petersen, Julie M.; Barrett, Malcolm; Ahrens, Katherine A.; Murray, Eleanor J.; Bryant, Allison S.; Hogue, Carol J.; Mumford, Sunni L.; Gadupudi, Salini; Fox, Matthew P.; Trinquart, Ludovic – Research Synthesis Methods, 2022
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are essential for drawing conclusions regarding etiologic associations between exposures or interventions and health outcomes. Observational studies comprise a substantive source of the evidence base. One major threat to their validity is residual confounding, which may occur when component studies adjust for…
Descriptors: Bias, Meta Analysis, Etiology, Intervention
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Vicedo, Marga; Ilerbaig, Juan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
This paper examines the genesis of Leo Kanner's 1943 seminal paper on autism. It shows that describing children as autistic or lacking affective contact with people was not new by this time. But Kanner's proposal that infantile autism constituted a hitherto unidentified condition that was inborn and different from childhood schizophrenia was new.…
Descriptors: Autism, Etiology, Children, History
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Cerasa, Antonio; Ruta, Liliana; Marino, Flavia; Biamonti, Giuseppe; Pioggia, Giovanni – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
A plethora of neuroimaging studies have focused on the discovery of potential neuroendophenotypes useful to understand the etiopathogenesis of autism and predict treatment response. Social robotics has recently been proposed as an effective tool to strengthen the current treatments in children with autism. However, the high clinical heterogeneity…
Descriptors: Neurology, Diagnostic Tests, Genetics, Robotics
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Sweeten, Thayne L.; Croen, Lisa A.; Windham, Gayle C.; Odell, J. Dennis; Stubbs, E. Gene; Torres, Anthony R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Previous research indicates that infection, especially from viruses in the family Herpesviridae, may play a role in the etiology of some cases of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Using a case-control design and the polymerase chain reaction with site-specific primers, we screened newborn and childhood blood samples for the presence of eight human…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Microbiology, Etiology
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Compton, Donald L. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2021
Multifactorial models of dyslexia have expanded how we consider heterogeneity within the population of children with dyslexia. These models are predicated on the idea that cognitive/linguistic risk factors are not deterministic but instead probabilistic, with the likelihood of difficulties involving an interaction between risk and protective…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Etiology, Disability Identification, Intervention
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Eisner, Manuel – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2021
Dating violence is a serious manifestation of harmful behaviour during adolescence. During the past decades, considerable research has shed light on patterns, causes, and consequences of dating violence. One of the most notable findings emerging from widely used survey instruments is that female adolescents report perpetrating physical dating…
Descriptors: Dating (Social), Violence, Aggression, Conflict
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Arenella, Martina; Cadby, Gemma; De Witte, Ward; Jones, Rachel M.; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O.; Moses, Eric K.; Fornito, Alex; Bellgrove, Mark A.; Hawi, Ziarih; Johnson, Beth; Tiego, Jeggan; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Kiemeney, Lambertus A.; Poelmans, Geert; Bralten, Janita – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2022
The clinical heterogeneity of autism spectrum disorders majorly challenges their genetic study. Autism spectrum disorders symptoms occur in milder forms in the general population, as autistic-like traits, and share genetic factors with autism spectrum disorders. Here, we investigate the genetics of individual autistic-like traits to improve our…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Brown, Michael; McCann, Edward – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
Background: People with intellectual disabilities can experience homelessness, and some of the reasons differ from the general homeless population. Specific policy and practice responses are required. Method: A systematic review of studies examining homelessness among people with intellectual disabilities utilizing CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Intellectual Disability, Experience, At Risk Persons
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Somerton, Michelle; Stolyarova, Valentina; Khanin, Stanislav – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
In Kazakhstan, the diagnosis of autism relies upon the expertise of various specialists and a range of measures that have not been researched to date. The present study collected data from a range of health specialists across Kazakhstan currently known to be involved in the diagnosis of children with autism. The research was an explanatory mixed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Mikolajczak, Moïra; Roskam, Isabelle – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2020
Parental burnout (PB)--a condition characterized by intense exhaustion related to parenting, emotional distancing from one's children, and a loss of parental fulfillment--has received increasing attention in recent years, even more since the worldwide COVID-19 crisis and the confinement of parents with their children. This crisis put the spotlight…
Descriptors: Parents, Burnout, Stress Variables, Stress Management
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He, Danlong – Science Insights Education Frontiers, 2020
The increasingly severe school violence has become an influential and notorious worldwide problem. The attribution of school violence determines the formulation of coping strategies. Unlike the analysis of family, psychological and social factors, long-term front-line work and follow-up studies have found that student violence's physiological…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, School Violence, Physiology, Metabolism
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