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Adukia, Anjali – Education Finance and Policy, 2022
Programs that provide lower-skill employment are a popular anti-poverty strategy in developing countries, with India's employment guarantee program (MGNREGA) employing adults in 23 percent of Indian households. MGNREGA has reduced rural poverty, but some have raised concerns that guaranteeing lower-skill (or uncredentialed) employment…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Employment Programs, Poverty Programs, Education
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Buncher, Amanda; Ward, Rashad; Kinkade, Anela; Pflug, Brandon – Insights into Learning Disabilities, 2022
People with disabilities are employed at a rate much lower than people without disabilities (Erickson et al., 2022). People with disabilities can be excellent employees who bring a wide range of skills and abilities to their work. Businesses may experience increased productivity and positive publicity as benefits to hiring people with disabilities…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Employment Potential, Employment Patterns, Underemployment
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Spoor, Jennifer R.; Bury, Simon M.; Hedley, Darren – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Although employees' attitudes towards an autism employment programme may impact its ultimate success, there is limited research examining the implementation of these programmes from the perspective of non-autistic employees (i.e. co-workers and managers). This study explored the implementation of an Australian-based supported autism employment…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Employee Attitudes, Program Implementation
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Maguire, Sue – Journal of Education and Work, 2020
This paper examines the role of the UK's post-16 education and training system in supporting the young unemployed. It maps the trajectory of a series of time-limited policy initiatives, which have attempted to install a training system for young people alongside containing fluctuating levels of youth unemployment. The impact of the expansion of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Adults, Unemployment, Public Policy
Daugherty, Lindsay – RAND Corporation, 2021
Individuals in the United States can pursue a variety of different types of postsecondary education credentials. This Perspective describes four common types: degrees, certificates, industry certifications and licenses, and apprenticeships. Bachelor's degrees are the most commonly awarded postsecondary credential in the United States…
Descriptors: Credentials, Postsecondary Education, Academic Degrees, Certification
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Apunyo, Robert; White, Howard; Otike, Caroline; Katairo, Thomas; Puerto, Sussana; Gardiner, Drew; Kinengyere, Alison A.; Eyers, John; Saran, Ashrita; Obuku, Ekwaro A. – Campbell Systematic Reviews, 2021
The research question guiding the production of the youth employment evidence and gap map (EGM) is stated as follows: What is the nature and extent of the evidence base of impact evaluations and systematic reviews on youth employment programmes in the world? The primary objective of is to catalogue impact evaluations and systematic reviews on…
Descriptors: Intervention, Youth Programs, Employment Programs, Evidence Based Practice
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Hart, Angie; Psyllou, Agoritsa; Eryigit-Madzwamuse, Suna; Heaver, Becky; Rathbone, Anne; Duncan, Simon; Wigglesworth, Pauline – British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 2020
Youth unemployment rates in the United Kingdom are almost triple that of adults (11.3% vs. 4%), particularly impacting the employability of young people with complex needs, of whom 61.8% are unemployed. Interventions facilitating transition into work can operate at individual, community and government levels. The main objectives of this review…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Youth Employment, Employment Potential, Disabilities
Schaberg, Kelsey – MDRC, 2020
While the COVID-19 pandemic has led to high unemployment rates overall, low-wage workers have been hit particularly hard. It is likely that many of the jobs lost as a result of the current recession will never return, even as new jobs are created. Some job seekers may have to learn new skills so they can find employment in a new field. Sector…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Job Training, Retraining
Schaberg, Kelsey; Greenberg, David H. – MDRC, 2020
This report summarizes the long-term findings of a rigorous random assignment evaluation of the WorkAdvance model, a sectoral training and advancement initiative. Launched in 2011, WorkAdvance goes beyond the previous generation of employment programs by introducing demand-driven skills training and a focus on jobs that have identifiable career…
Descriptors: Demonstration Programs, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Economic Impact
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Farrow, Kendra; Parkin-Bashizi, Nancy – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2019
It is widely known that people who are visually impaired (i.e., those who are blind or have low vision) struggle to be employed at the same rate as do their sighted peers. Nationwide, vocational rehabilitation programs have been tasked with implementing services that promote competitive gainful employment for those with substantial disabilities.…
Descriptors: Career Readiness, Employment Programs, Visual Impairments, Vocational Rehabilitation
Dilger, Robert Jay – Congressional Research Service, 2021
Several federal agencies, including the Small Business Administration (SBA), provide training and other assistance to veterans seeking civilian employment. In recent years, the unemployment rate among veterans as a whole has generally been similar to or lower than the unemployment rate for nonveterans 18 years and older. However, veterans who have…
Descriptors: Small Businesses, Public Agencies, Veterans, Federal Aid
Naraharisett, Sruthi; Peterson, Natalie; Erb-Downward, Jennifer – Poverty Solutions, University of Michigan, 2019
Attaining a college degree is a well-recognized path to economic mobility in the United States, but enrollment gaps among students by family income persist. Interestingly, recent research finds this disparity to be particularly visible in communities where top ranked universities reside. In these communities, residents with no-affiliation to their…
Descriptors: Youth Employment, Employment Programs, Summer Programs, College Students
Webster, Riley – Administration for Children & Families, 2019
STEP Forward was a voluntary program in San Francisco that aimed to connect low-income job seekers to the labor market by using public funds to temporarily subsidize individuals' wages, known as subsidized employment, with the goal of ultimately increasing permanent unsubsidized employment among this population. STEP Forward offered job seekers…
Descriptors: Employment Programs, Low Income Groups, Cost Effectiveness, Employment Opportunities
McCarthy, Mary Alice; Van Horn, Carl; Prebil, Michael – New America, 2021
When the COVID-19 pandemic plunged the economy back into recession in early 2020, it laid bare a fragile and profoundly inequitable labor market. The economic expansion that reigned from 2009 through 2019 brought historically low unemployment and inflation but failed to reduce income inequality or arrest the decline in the number of high-quality,…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Employment Programs, Public Policy, Educational Policy
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Johnson, Michelle A. – New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 2021
This article examines the intersection of race and poverty on the lives of Black women living in urban communities. Historical systemic racism continues to leave many marginalized communities on the periphery and struggling to maneuver in a society that limits access to empowerment to move out of poverty. To transform the lives of those living in…
Descriptors: Females, African Americans, Race, Racial Bias
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