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Sternberg, Robert J. – Journal of Intelligence, 2021
This article explores the advantages of viewing intelligence not as a fixed trait residing within an individual, but rather as a person × task × situation interaction. The emphasis in the article is on the role of persons solving tasks embedded in situations involving learning, intellectual abilities, and competencies. The article opens with a…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Personality Traits, Problem Solving, Learning Processes
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Rademacher, Annika; Zumbach, Jelena; Koglin, Ute – Early Child Development and Care, 2022
The transition from preschool to elementary school requires high adaptive behaviours. Our study's aim is to analyze the reciprocal effects between self-regulation and behaviour problems during this transitional phase. Study results are based on longitudinal data collected at preschool and elementary school. Children's level of behaviour problems…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Self Control, Behavior Problems, Early Intervention
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Patterson, Margaret Becker – New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 2018
This chapter considers next steps of young adults with disabilities after initial education--for those who complete high school and those leaving high school early.
Descriptors: Young Adults, Disabilities, High School Graduates, Dropouts
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Ma, Junqian – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2019
Transition to school is a critical period in child development and has raised great concern among contemporary studies. However, most studies focus on vertical transition and only a few investigate vertical and horizontal transitions as a whole. To bridge the gap, this paper explores how an immigrant Chinese child makes the horizontal transition…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Child Development, Asians, Foreign Countries
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McCrary, Megan K.; DiLalla, Lisabeth Fisher – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
This study investigated the Infant Behavior Record (IBR) as an observer-rated measure of temperament. The aim was to determine whether the IBR and a parent-rated measure of temperament were comparably associated with children's performance on laboratory tasks and with a measure of the home environment. We found several significant associations…
Descriptors: Personality Measures, Young Children, Parents, Family Environment
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Lamb, Richard; Firestone, Jonah; Schmitter-Edgecombe, Maureen; Hand, Brian – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Critical thinking when engaged in science problem solving around even simple tasks such as the Piagetian volume conservation task is a complex endeavor. Tasks such as the conservation task often require the interaction of multiple cognitive systems. Parity judgment, retrieval, and lateral thinking are three examples of such systems interacting…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, Models
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Dressler, Paul B.; Nguyen, Teresa K.; Moody, Eric J.; Friedman, Sandra L.; Pickler, Laura – Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) often experience difficulties with successful transition from pediatric to adult healthcare. A consultative Transition Clinic for youth with IDD was piloted as a quality improvement project, and assessed the engagement of primary care providers (PCPs) for transition planning after…
Descriptors: Primary Health Care, Patients, Pediatrics, Clinics
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Chen, Chieh-Yu; Xie, Huichao; Clifford, Jantina; Chen, Ching-I; Squires, Jane – Journal of Early Intervention, 2018
Evidence supporting the internal structure of an assessment can provide support for its scoring mechanisms. A total of 1,691 young children in the United States were assessed by their parents using the 16-month questionnaire of the "Ages and Stages Questionnaires," Third Edition (ASQ-3), and results were used to study the internal…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Questionnaires, Young Children, Child Development
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Kline, Kip; Knight Abowitz, Kathleen – Educational Theory, 2020
In this essay, Kip Kline and Kathleen Knight Abowitz use Walker Percy's novel "The Moviegoer" to examine the existential plight of young Americans today who, as they turn the broad and long corner from youth to adulthood, are engaged in a search for self-knowledge and identity construction. They are particularly interested in the young…
Descriptors: Novels, Developmental Tasks, Young Adults, Self Concept
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Bos, Dienke J.; Silver, Benjamin M.; Barnes, Emily D.; Ajodan, Eliana L.; Silverman, Melanie R.; Clark-Whitney, Elysha; Tarpey, Thaddeus; Jones, Rebecca M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Differences in motivation during adolescence relative to childhood and adulthood in autism was tested in a cross-sectional study. 156 Typically developing individuals and 79 individuals with autism ages 10-30 years of age completed a go/nogo task with social and non-social cues. To assess age effects, linear and quadratic models were used.…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Li, Xiaomei; Tu, Kelly M.; McElwain, Nancy L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2022
We examined the prospective associations between two indicators of mother-youth emotional climate (i.e., maternal affect, dyadic cohesiveness) during a peer problem discussion and youth coping with peer stress following entry into middle school. We also investigated youth baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) as a moderator of these…
Descriptors: Correlation, Stress Variables, Physiology, Mothers
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Shalka, Tricia R. – Journal of College Student Development, 2019
Scholars identify interpersonal interactions as playing significant roles in many developmental processes that occur during the college years (e.g., Baxter Magolda, 2004, 2009a; E. H. Erikson, 1997; Torres, Jones, & Renn, 2009); however, the intersection of interpersonal dimensions of college student development and trauma is scantly discussed…
Descriptors: Trauma, Interpersonal Relationship, Self Concept, Developmental Tasks
Kaya, Zeki – Online Submission, 2019
In a general sense, psychology is a science that studies human and animal behaviours, and the reasons of these behaviours. The symbolic foundation date of psychology is 1879. In this year, Wilheml Wundt (1832-1920) established a psychology laboratory in Leipzig. Psychology is accepted to have started as a science with the establishment of this…
Descriptors: Developmental Psychology, Educational Psychology, Epistemology, Behaviorism
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Ma, Junqian – Early Child Development and Care, 2020
Children's transition to school has been widely investigated, but most studies do not clearly define its starting point. By drawing on the cultural-historical concept of the social situation of development, and selecting 'role adjustment' as the unit of analysis, this paper seeks to clearly define the starting point of children's transition to…
Descriptors: Social Adjustment, School Readiness, Case Studies, Asians
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Atteberry, Allison; Wedow, Robbee; Cook, Nathan J.; McEachin, Andrew – Educational Policy, 2022
Using a dataset that includes over 17 million students from across all 50 states, we estimate the causal impact of making structural transitions into middle school (in grades 4, 5, 6, or 7) on student math and reading achievement trajectories. This dataset provides an ideal opportunity to engage in the valuable scientific practice of conducting…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Middle School Students, Developmental Tasks, Student Adjustment
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