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Fackler, Ayça – Science & Education, 2021
Science denial has a long history of causing harm in contemporary society when ignored. Recent discussions of science denial suggest that correcting people's false beliefs rarely has an impact on eliminating the adherence to false beliefs and assumptions, which is called the backfire effect. This paper brings the backfire effect within the context…
Descriptors: Science Education, Epistemology, Scientific Attitudes, Defense Mechanisms
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Dodge, Kenneth A.; Bai, Yu; Godwin, Jennifer; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Bates, John E.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Jones, Damon – Child Development, 2022
The hypothesis was tested that some children develop a defensive mindset that subsumes individual social information processing (SIP) steps, grows from early experiences, and guides long-term outcomes. In Study 1 (Fast Track [FT]), 463 age-5 children (45% girls; 43% Black) were first assessed in 1991 and followed through age 32 (83% retention). In…
Descriptors: Defense Mechanisms, Personality Traits, Emotional Response, Social Cognition
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Romeo, Tameka; Otgaar, Henry; Smeets, Tom; Landström, Sara; Jelicic, Marko – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2019
The present study examined whether mock offenders, who were instructed to falsely deny crime details or to simulate amnesia, would consequently experience impaired memory. Ninety-three university students were first asked to commit a mock crime and were then assigned to three different conditions (i.e., false denial, simulated amnesia, and truth…
Descriptors: Memory, Neurological Impairments, Recall (Psychology), Defense Mechanisms
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Kienhues, Dorothe; Jucks, Regina; Bromme, Rainer – Educational Psychologist, 2020
Science's role in society is being threatened, as misinterpretation and denial of scientific evidence and the rejection or ignorance of scientific expertise are gaining prominence. This endangered role of science in society is characteristic of post-truthism. To deconstruct this process, we analyze how three potential gateways allow people to…
Descriptors: Ethics, Epistemology, Science Education, Science and Society
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Humes, Larry E.; Dubno, Judy R. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: This study aimed to compare the perceived hearing difficulties of a community sample of older adults to two clinical samples of older adults, one with no hearing aid experience and the other with hearing aid experience. Method: Scale scores from the Communication Profile for the Hearing Impaired (CPHI) were analyzed for a community sample…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Older Adults, Assistive Technology, Severity (of Disability)
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Karagiannopoulou, Evangelia; Milienos, Fotios S.; Kamtsios, Spiridon; Rentzios, Christos – Educational Psychology, 2020
The study aims at investigating students' learning/defence profiles. It also explores students' profiles during different years of study. Participants comprised of 425 undergraduates. They completed the 'Approaches to Study and Skills Inventory' and the 'Defense Style Questionnaire'. The students' academic achievement was measured through grade…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Profiles, Measures (Individuals), Study Habits
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Lathabhavan, Remya – Australian Journal of Career Development, 2020
This longitudinal study explores the relationships between glass ceiling beliefs (i.e. denial, resilience, resignation, and acceptance) and the outcomes of work commitment and work turnover intention, mediated via work engagement, across two time waves. Using data collected from 400 women employees (mean age = 36.67 years) from the banking sector…
Descriptors: Career Development, Barriers, Employed Women, Longitudinal Studies
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Vedder-Weiss, Dana; Segal, Aliza; Lefstein, Adam – Journal of Teacher Education, 2019
Classroom videos can make instructional practice public, cultivating collaborative, critical teacher discussions. However, video-based learning also involves a risk--the risk of hurting one's own or a colleague's public image, or face. In this study, we investigate the role of face threat and face management in teacher professional learning in 16…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Video Technology, Faculty Development, Discussion
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Wright, Jake – Teaching in Higher Education, 2019
Introductory students regularly endorse "naïve skepticism" -- unsupported or uncritical doubt about the existence and universality of truth -- for a variety of reasons. Though some of the reasons for students' skepticism can be traced back to the student -- for example, a desire to avoid engaging with controversial material or a desire…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Ethics, Teaching Methods, Metacognition
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Berk, Ronald A. – Journal of Faculty Development, 2017
This article is the second in a series of three articles about microaggressions. All of the articles are tailored specifically to help enable faculty developers, provosts and directors of diversity and training, faculty, and administrators to address the most critical issues related to this topic in higher education. Specific responses to and…
Descriptors: Aggression, Work Environment, Higher Education, Qualitative Research
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Pinquart, Martin; Block, Helena – International Journal of Developmental Science, 2020
The experiment analyzed reactions of 115 first- to fourth-graders after realizing that they performed worse than they expected in a computer game. Based on the VIOLEX model of expectation violation, we assessed immunization against achievement feedback, assimilation (striving to increase performance), and accommodation (willingness for expectation…
Descriptors: Coping, Expectation, Defense Mechanisms, Student Reaction
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Clayton, Robert E. – Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 2015
Inhibition of emotional experience is a widely acknowledged characteristic of many Western-raised men. While this affective inhibition may impact men chronically in many ways, it becomes particularly salient when men are bereaved or otherwise grieving and are unable fully to experience normative emotional responses to loss. This article briefly…
Descriptors: Males, Grief, Inhibition, Emotional Experience
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Nguyen, Linda; Chester, Andrea; Herbert, Anne; Lugg, Alison – Student Success, 2020
While Vietnamese students continue to enrol in international branch university campuses in Vietnam, little is known about the Vietnamese first year transition into these institutions, especially from a cultural perspective. This article presents the findings of four case studies that explored the face strategies used by Vietnamese undergraduate…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, College Freshmen, Vietnamese People, Student Adjustment
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Rodriguez, Diego – International Journal of Educational Leadership and Management, 2017
At the heart of the educational vocation is a drive to influence, to meaningfully affect the learning and development of others. For adult educators working in higher education, daily activities--from teaching classes to supervising student research to attending faculty meetings to sitting on advisory boards--are full of opportunities to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Influences, Adult Educators, Higher Education
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Ferguson, Lara – Child Care in Practice, 2018
The focus for this literature review developed from reading American research by Oyserman and Destin around the theme of identity and possible selves. The intention of this review was to consider whether an identity-based perspective could be applied to investigate the multiple outcomes of UK care leavers. The aim was to explore the relevant…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Identification, Individual Development, Foster Care
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