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Williams, Lane C.; Earle, F. Sayako – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2022
Phonological representations are important for reading. In the current work, we examine the relationship between speech-perceptual memory encoding and consolidation to reading ability in skilled adult readers. Seventy-three young adults (age 18-24) were first tested in their word and nonword reading ability, and then trained in the late evening to…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Decoding (Reading), Phonology, Memory
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Ottosen, Helle Fredslund; Bønnerup, Katrine H.; Weed, Ethan; Parrila, Rauno – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
A dyslexia diagnosis in Denmark can have significant consequences for individuals, as support is not available to others with reading difficulties. Currently, the diagnosis is given solely on the basis of an electronically administered test consisting of two tasks assessing grapheme-phoneme correspondences. To examine whether the Danish diagnostic…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Clinical Diagnosis, Diagnostic Tests, College Students
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Jensen, Katrine Lyskov; Elbro, Carsten – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
Traditional cloze tests (such as the CBM-maze) may be poor measures of comprehension processes beyond the single sentence level. This paper presents an alternative, a deep cloze test with gaps that are strategically chosen to assess comprehension beyond the sentence level. To fill each gap, the reader has to draw global cohesion inferences during…
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, Reading Comprehension, Inferences, Adults
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Kearns, Devin M. – Reading Research Quarterly, 2020
Programs for teaching English reading, especially for students with dyslexia, and educational practice standards often recommend instruction on dividing polysyllabic words into syllables. Syllable division is effort intensive and could inhibit fluency when reading in text. The division strategies might still be useful if they work so consistently…
Descriptors: English, Syllables, Vowels, Phonemes
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Ober, Teresa M.; Brooks, Patricia J.; Homer, Bruce D.; Rindskopf, David – Educational Psychology Review, 2020
Previous meta-analyses highlight the role of executive functions (EF), encompassing working memory updating, task-switching, and inhibitory control, in reading comprehension, but have not established their role in decoding. Decoding is defined as the use of orthographic patterns to access oral pronunciations. According to the dual route model,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Decoding (Reading), Children, Adolescents
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Steacy, Laura M.; Edwards, Ashley A.; Rueckl, Jay G.; Petscher, Yaacov; Compton, Donald L. – Child Development, 2021
Developmental studies examining relations between word reading (WR) and decoding in typical and dyslexic populations routinely cut the reading distribution to form distinct groups. However, dichotomizing continuous variables to study development is problematic for multiple reasons. Instead, we modeled and visualized the parallel growth of WR and…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Decoding (Reading), Elementary School Students, Dyslexia
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Georgiou, George K.; Martinez, Dalia; Vieira, Ana Paula Alves; Antoniuk, Andrea; Romero, Sandra; Guo, Kan – Annals of Dyslexia, 2022
Beyond the established difficulties of individuals with dyslexia in word recognition and spelling, it remains unclear how severe their difficulties in comprehension are. To examine this, we performed a meta-analytic review. A random-effects model analysis of data from 76 studies revealed a large deficit in reading comprehension in individuals with…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Word Recognition, Spelling, Reading Comprehension
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Parkin, Jason R. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2021
The simple views of reading (SVRs) and writing (SVWs) reflect useful frameworks for the psychoeducational evaluation of literacy difficulties. They describe reading comprehension and written expression as the outcome of oral language, decoding, and transcription skills. Prior research has demonstrated that these components explain the vast…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Reading Comprehension, Writing (Composition), Literacy
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Yeari, Menahem; Lantin, Shirley – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2021
The present study employed a think-aloud method to explore the origin of a centrality deficit (i.e., poor recall of central ideas) found in poor comprehenders (PC). Moreover, utilizing the diverse think-aloud responses, we examined the overall quality of text processing employed by PC during reading, in order to shed more light on the cognitive…
Descriptors: Protocol Analysis, Recall (Psychology), Reading Comprehension, Memory
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Wagner, Richard K.; Beal, Bethany; Zirps, Fotena A.; Spencer, Mercedes – Annals of Dyslexia, 2021
Many individuals with poor reading comprehension have levels of reading comprehension that are consistent with deficits in their ability to decode the words on the page. However, there are individuals who are poor at reading comprehension despite being adequate at decoding. This phenomenon is referred to as specific reading comprehension deficit…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Decoding (Reading), Incidence
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Apel, Kenn – Grantee Submission, 2021
The simple view of reading (SVR) framework has been used for decades to explain two general component skills considered to contribute to reading comprehension: decoding and linguistic comprehension. In the past, researchers have assessed the linguistic comprehension component using a wide range of language and/or listening comprehension measures…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Decoding (Reading), Listening Comprehension, Models
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Jones, Brian T.; Erchul, William P.; Geraghty, Cathleen A. – Psychology in the Schools, 2021
Preventative and intensive reading intervention can be administered to at-risk students in a systematic way to help facilitate gains on literacy outcomes. Despite this fact, there are clear barriers to implementation. One solution may be to use paraprofessionals to provide supplemental reading instruction. This study employed meta-analytic…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Supplementary Education, Intervention, Paraprofessional School Personnel
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Wauters, Loes; van Gelder, Hille; Tijsseling, Corrie – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2021
The present study investigated the relative contribution of the two components in the simple view of reading to the reading comprehension skills of deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) adults in the Netherlands. Eighty DHH adults, aged between 30 and 80 years old, were tested on word reading, reading fluency, vocabulary, and reading comprehension.…
Descriptors: Reading Attitudes, Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Adults
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Semingson, Peggy; Kerns, William – Reading Research Quarterly, 2021
In this historical analysis, we examine the context of debates over the role of phonics in literacy and current debates about the science of reading, with a focus on the work and impact of the late literacy scholar Jeanne Chall. We open by briefly tracing the roots of the enduring debates from the 19th and 20th centuries, focusing on beginning…
Descriptors: Reading Research, Phonics, Literacy, Beginning Reading
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Greeley, Brian; Weber, Rachel C.; Denyer, Ronan; Ferris, Jennifer K.; Rubino, Cristina; White, Katherine; Boyd, Lara A. – Developmental Science, 2021
Reading is a critical neurodevelopmental skill for school-aged children, which requires a distributed network of brain regions including the cerebellum. However, we do not know how functional connectivity between the cerebellum and other brain regions contributes to reading. Here we used resting-state functional connectivity to understand the…
Descriptors: Reading Processes, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Decoding (Reading), Reading Rate
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