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Senter, Philip J. – American Biology Teacher, 2022
Evidence from isotopes other than radiocarbon shows that dinosaur fossils are millions of years old. Despite that, bone mineral from Mesozoic dinosaur fossils yields a falsely young radiocarbon "date" of less than 50,000 years, due to its accumulation of new radiocarbon via recrystallization. Similarly, the so-called collagen fraction of…
Descriptors: Paleontology, Biology, Science Instruction, Measurement Techniques
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Senter, Philip J. – American Biology Teacher, 2021
The recent discovery of preserved cells and soft tissues in certain dinosaur bones seems incompatible with an age of millions of years, given the expectation that cells and soft tissues should have decayed away after millions of years. However, evidence from radiometric dating shows that dinosaur fossils are indeed millions of years old. Under…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Paleontology, Evaluation, Creationism
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Senter, Philip J. – American Biology Teacher, 2020
The recent discovery of radiocarbon in dinosaur bones at first seems incompatible with an age of millions of years, due to the short half-life of radiocarbon. However, evidence from isotopes other than radiocarbon shows that dinosaur fossils are indeed millions of years old. Fossil bone incorporates new radiocarbon by means of recrystallization…
Descriptors: Paleontology, Science Instruction, Biology, Evolution
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Billingsley, Berry; Taber, Keith; Nassaji, Mehdi – Curriculum Journal, 2021
We report on a survey of 1717 students at two different points of their secondary school education. This survey is designed to discover their reasoning about scientific and religious accounts of the origins of the universe and life. The study was motivated by a concern, based on previous research, that factors such as the compartmentalised…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Scientific Attitudes, Religious Factors
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Zhao, Steven; Chang, David; Miyakawa, Muga; Bai, Heesoon – Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2020
In this response paper, we continue and further expand upon Elizabeth Watts' discussion on Buddhism and science, in the context of teachers' searching for the pedagogical "means to increasing student receptivity to science." While we share Watts' concern over the detrimental consequences of creationism in schools, we also offer an…
Descriptors: Buddhism, Science Education, Creationism, Religion
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Moore, Randy – American Biology Teacher, 2021
Although John Scopes and his famous "Monkey Trial" strongly influenced the ongoing evolution-creationism controversy, relatively little is known about Scopes's post-trial life. Moreover, many questions about his trial remain unanswered (e.g., did he actually teach evolution in Dayton?). This paper answers these questions with new…
Descriptors: Evolution, Creationism, Biology, Science Education
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Lessl, Thomas M. – Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2020
Teaching materials frequently answer objections to evolution by demarcating science from religion. Because definitions of science shaped by demarcation tend to magnify its empirical features, they weaken students' understanding of science's theoretical dimension. Demarcation fails to answer creationism for the opposite reason; by insisting that…
Descriptors: Science Education, Sciences, Religion, Creationism
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Kwah, Helen – Cultural Studies of Science Education, 2020
In the context of the science versus creationism debate, Elizabeth Watts thoughtfully explores Buddhism as a model of compatibility between science and religion, and as inspiration for the pedagogical potential of mindfulness practices to promote student receptivity to scientific views of evolution. However, Watts focuses on modern Buddhist…
Descriptors: Buddhism, Science Education, Creationism, Evolution
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Peñaloza, Gonzalo; El-Hani, Charbel N.; Mosquera-Suárez, Carlos Javier – Science & Education, 2021
Despite the importance of evolution to understand living phenomena, evolution teaching confronts several tensions, especially with respect to teachers' and students' religious beliefs. These aspects have been widely investigated in the USA and Europe. However, little empirical research has been done on this issue in Latin America, despite their…
Descriptors: Scientific Attitudes, Christianity, Beliefs, Foreign Countries
Branch, Glenn – Phi Delta Kappan, 2020
The forces of anti-intellectualism in American life, as described by Richard Hofstadter, have been especially prominent in the battle against the teaching of evolution. Glenn Branch discusses the different aspects of anti-intellectualism that are at the root of objections to evolution and explains how creation science, which had a transparently…
Descriptors: Anti Intellectualism, Evolution, Creationism, Science Instruction
Laats, Adam – Phi Delta Kappan, 2021
When it comes to creationism, it might seem as if the United States is trapped in a century-long culture-war rut. In a sense, the Scopes Trial of 1925 put science itself on trial, and it can seem as if every new dispute over teaching evolution is only a repetition of that famous trial. In truth, however, the power of creationism has ebbed…
Descriptors: Creationism, Evolution, Public Schools, Science Instruction
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Reiss, Michael J. – Ethics and Education, 2019
Evolution is often seen as a site of contestation within the school curriculum. The topic of evolution is therefore often considered to be 'controversial'. I first examine what is meant by 'controversial' and conclude that while, in an everyday sense, the topic of evolution can indeed be considered to be controversial, this term can mislead. A…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Evolution, Science Instruction, Controversial Issues (Course Content)
Alishahi, Afsoon – ProQuest LLC, 2019
The role that religion plays in the lives of humans is complex, contradictory, and deeply impactful. According to Allport (1979), religion has a paradoxical function in that it can either combat or contribute to prejudice. A meta-analysis by Hall, Matz, and Wood (2010) found a significant correlation between being deeply religious and having…
Descriptors: Religion, Social Bias, Correlation, Racial Bias
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Aini, Rahmi Qurota; Rachmatullah, Arif; Harliadi, Muhammad Dika; Ha, Minsu – Science & Education, 2020
Indonesia is a religious country that values local wisdom and customs. Although the characteristics of the Indonesian people may provide novel insight into and distinguished views on the theory of evolution by natural selection, few studies have explored how Indonesians view the theory of biological evolution. Thus, this study aimed to examine the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Biology, Preservice Teachers, Science Teachers
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Billingsley, Berry; Nassaji, Mehdi – International Journal of Christianity & Education, 2020
We report on a large-scale survey of 1,772 upper-secondary school students in 16 Church of England schools to discover their perceptions of how science and religion relate. We found that students who attend Church schools are pedagogically, socially and cognitively confined to the view that science and religion conflict. The findings are discussed…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Parochial Schools, Christianity
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