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Alcorn, Michelle; Paez, Paola; Watkins, Tracee; Cole, Kerri – Journal of Child Nutrition & Management, 2020
Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) determine commonly used procedures for milk served in locations other than the cafeteria during breakfast service; and (2) examine the effectiveness of these practices in maintaining recommended milk temperatures. Methods: A national sample of 110 school nutrition directions selected…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, Food, Nutrition, Food Standards
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McKeon, Gina Pope; Shukaitis, Jennifer; Cuite, Cara L. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Teacher resistance is sometimes cited as a barrier to implementing Breakfast in the Classroom (BIC), an approach to school breakfast in which students eat at their desks after the school day has begun. Given their role in serving breakfast with BIC, teacher perceptions may be critical in implementing an effective BIC program. Methods:…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Breakfast Programs, Elementary School Teachers, Urban Schools
Williams, Kim; Kimathi, Moyo; Papa, Francesca; Miller, Morgan; Beyler, Nick – US Department of Agriculture, 2021
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) administers the Child Nutrition (CN) Programs, including the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Milk Program (SMP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), and Summer Food Service Program (SFSP). FNS provides oversight, guidance,…
Descriptors: Food Service, Lunch Programs, Breakfast Programs, Purchasing
US House of Representatives, 2021
On July 23, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) proposed a new rule that will restrict eligibility for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP. On its own, the proposal will cut access to food assistance for about 3.1 million low income Americans, which will have significant consequences for individuals and families struggling…
Descriptors: Public Agencies, Budgeting, Retrenchment, Federal Aid
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Shanafelt, Amy; Magliocco, Brandon; Milbrath, Kathleen; Nanney, Marilyn; Caspi, Caitlin – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: School breakfast is an important nutritional component of a student's day. Many schools operate a school breakfast program, but high schools have low rates of participation. This study aimed to investigate the economic impact on school food service, of expanding the school breakfast program to increase participation in high schools.…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, High Schools, Food Service, Rural Schools
Billings, Kara Clifford – Congressional Research Service, 2020
The federal government has a long history of investing in programs for feeding children, starting with federal aid for school lunch programs in the 1930s. Today, federal child nutrition programs support food served to children in schools and a variety of other institutional settings. The child nutrition programs support meals and snacks served to…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, Lunch Programs, Nutrition, Federal Programs
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Farris, Alisha R.; Mann, Georgianna; Parks, Justin; Arrowood, John; Roy, Manan; Misyak, Sarah – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Schools are a promising site for influencing the dietary intake of children and adolescents. The US Department of Agriculture recently released flexibilities to requirements for whole-grains, sodium, and low-fat milk in schools who demonstrated difficulty meeting nutrition standards for school meal programs. The support of School…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Dietetics, Hunger, Children
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Tan, May Lynn; Laraia, Barbara; Madsen, Kristine A.; Johnson, Rucker C.; Ritchie, Lorrene – Journal of School Health, 2020
Background: The National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs help to reduce food insecurity and improve nutrition. The Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) enables high-poverty schools to offer breakfast and lunch at no cost to all students. This study examines associations between CEP and participation among students eligible for free or…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Lunch Programs, Breakfast Programs, Hunger
Ayeni, Ayodele Solomon – Online Submission, 2020
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNGA, 1989) clearly spells out the significance of early child development (ECD). Through a descriptive comparative study, and by randomized control trial, the researcher investigates if free school feeding programs affect children enrollment at ECD centers in rural communities taking the case of Maraba…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Lunch Programs, Breakfast Programs, Child Development
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Cuadros-Meñaca, Andres; Thomsen, Michael R.; Nayga, Rodolfo M., Jr. – Journal of School Health, 2022
Background: Breakfast after the bell (BAB), an alternative way to deliver breakfast after the school day begins, has been shown to increase participation in the School Breakfast Program. However, BAB occupies time that could otherwise be used for instruction and may affect academic performance. This study examined whether BAB affects math and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Breakfast Programs
Eko, Leanne; Barkley, Wendy – Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, 2019
State law (Revised Code of Washington [RCW] 28A.235.290) requires the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) to report annually to the Legislature on the number of schools participating in United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Community Eligibility Provision (CEP). The report must identify barriers to participation and…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Low Income Students, Breakfast Programs, Lunch Programs
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Kirksey, J. Jacob; Gottfried, Michael A. – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2021
With the rise in the availability of absenteeism data, it is clear that students are missing a staggering amount of school. Policymakers have focused efforts on identifying school programs that might reduce absenteeism. This study examined whether implementing the program "Breakfast After-the-Bell" (BAB) might reduce school absenteeism.…
Descriptors: Attendance, Breakfast Programs, Program Effectiveness, Nutrition
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Wilson, Penny – BU Journal of Graduate Studies in Education, 2021
School nutrition programs are integral to academic success. To support the whole child, teachers must appreciate what role nutrition plays in academic success. Studies of food insecurity reveal there are degrees of severity. Although the key determinate of food security is poverty, employment is not necessarily a shield. One can eat and still be…
Descriptors: Food, Hunger, Security (Psychology), Diabetes
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Borkowski, Artur; Ortiz Correa, Javier Santiago; Bundy, Donald A. P.; Burbano, Carmen; Hayashi, Chika; Lloyd-Evans, Edward; Neitzel, Jutta; Reuge, Nicolas – UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, 2021
In 2019, 135 million people in 55 countries were in food crises or worse, and 2 billion people did not have regular access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food. COVID-19 has exacerbated these hardships and may result in an additional 121 million people facing acute food insecurity by the end of 2020. Further, since the beginning of the…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Nutrition
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Morgan, Kelly; McConnon, Linda; Van Godwin, Jordan; Hawkins, Jemma; Bond, Amy; Fletcher, Adam – Journal of School Health, 2019
Objective: School summer holiday clubs in deprived areas of Wales were evaluated to examine opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity and explore delivery processes. Methods: Ten Food and Fun clubs participated in 2016. Quantitative data (child and parent surveys; N = 196, N = 84) assessed the opportunity to provide children with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Summer Programs, Holidays, Food
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