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Oleson, Steven; Cox, Abigail; Liu, Zhongming; Sivasankar, M. Preeti; Lu, Kun-Han – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Objective: Consuming less water (systemic dehydration) has long been thought to dehydrate the vocal folds. An "in vivo," repeated measures study tested the assumption that systemic dehydration causes vocal fold dehydration. Proton density (PD)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of rat vocal folds was employed to investigate (a)…
Descriptors: Water, Physiology, Animals, Body Weight
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Lessard, Leah M.; Puhl, Rebecca M. – Journal of School Health, 2021
Background: Educators' negative weight biases toward students with high body weight have been well-documented. The present investigation examined whether inclusion of body weight in school anti-bullying policies is associated with lower levels of weight bias among educators. Methods: Data on explicit weight bias was collected from a sample of…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Bias, Bullying, School Policy
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Fowler, Lauren A.; Moore, Philip J.; Macura, Zeljka; Singh, Michelle A.; Cooke, Frances P. R.; Charmak, William D. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
The expectancy-value (EV) framework is among the most prominent psychological approaches to predicting behavioral intentions. However, how expectancies and values are cognitively integrated (e.g., multiplicatively, additively or averaging) to produce intentions has yet to be tested. This research combined EV and Information Integration Theory…
Descriptors: Expectation, Values, Intention, Dietetics
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Ehlert, Alex M.; Wilson, Patrick B. – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2021
Obesity has been found to relate to urine-assessed hypohydration risk at the population level, but studies have often failed to account for lean mass, which influences urine solute load. Adults (n = 8,699) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were categorized as hypohydrated or not using five urine-based methods. Hypohydration…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physiology, Body Composition, Body Weight
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Ren, Sicong; Chen, Zezhao; Qin, Xiong; Zhao, Xiaochen; Yang, Tim D.; Zhu, Weimo – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2021
The purpose of this study was to overview recent bone loading measurements in physical activity, determine their validity and reliability, and recommend future research directions. A systematic search in three major databases was performed using combinations from a set of keywords, and the identified studies were selected using predetermined…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Validity, Reliability, Physical Activities
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Bal, Erdal; Bulgan, Çigdem; Bingül, Bergün Meriç; Tan, Hakan – International Journal of Curriculum and Instruction, 2021
The study aimed to determine the Somatotype characteristics of Turkish national male boxers, since the somatotype profile helps to establish an athlete's suitability for a sport. Twenty-five elite boxers (mean age 16.50±1.06 years; mean height 172±0.06cm and mean mass 64.62±9.88kg), who had some experiences in national and international…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Athletes, Athletics, Human Body
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Goltz, Jeffrey; Ivanov, Iliyan; Rice, Timothy R. – International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 2021
The purpose of this review was to understand the impact of second generation antipsychotic (SGA)-induced weight gain on youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), including the clinical evidence, mechanisms, monitoring guidelines, and treatments. To achieve this, multiple MEDLINE/PUBMED and Google database searches were performed and analyzed…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Body Weight, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Dias, André Rodrigues Lourenço; de Souza, Katrice Almeida; dos Santos, Kamila Meireles; Peçanha, Tiago; Ferreira, Jacielle Carolina; Cambri, Lucieli Teresa; Arsa, Gisela – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2021
Purpose: To verify whether excess body mass influences 24-h ambulatory heart rate variability (HRV) after a moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE) session. Method: Participants included 27 non-trained young men that were divided into two groups, 1) normal-weight (n = 10) and 2) overweight and obese (n = 17). Participants underwent a single…
Descriptors: Exercise Physiology, Obesity, Body Weight, Body Height
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Ribas-Prats, Teresa; Arenillas-Alcón, Sonia; Lip-Sosa, Diana Lucia; Costa-Faidella, Jordi; Mazarico, Edurne; Gómez-Roig, María Dolores; Escera, Carles – Developmental Science, 2022
Infants born after fetal growth restriction (FGR)--an obstetric condition defined as the failure to achieve the genetic growth potential--are prone to neurodevelopmental delays, with language being one of the major affected areas. Yet, while verbal comprehension and expressive language impairments have been observed in FGR infants, children and…
Descriptors: Neonates, Developmental Delays, Cognitive Processes, Articulation (Speech)
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Akomolafe, Toyin O.; Hansen, Andrew R.; Hackney, Amy A.; Wang, Wei; Thorne-Williams, Daniella R.; Zhang, Jian – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2019
This study examined the relationship between cigarette smoking and body perception across measured body weight among adolescents aged 12-19 years, using 2005-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Adjustment showed that normal weight girls who perceived themselves as overweight had a significantly higher smoking prevalence…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Smoking, Self Concept, Adolescents
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Espinoza, Juan C.; Deavenport-Saman, Alexis; Solomon, Olga; Chowdhuri, Sampreeti; Wee, Choo Phei; Azen, Collen; Orozco, Jazminne; Kreutzer, Cary; Yin, Larry – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2021
Children with autism spectrum disorder are at increased risk for obesity compared to typically developing children. Many obesity intervention programs exclude children with autism spectrum disorder. There is little research on developmentally inclusive approaches to pediatric weight management. We examined the outcomes of children and families…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Barnas, Jillian; Ball, Stephen D. – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2020
The purpose of this study was to validate an alternative skinfold equation for women created from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Anthropometrics and a whole-body DXA scan were completed on 77 women (mean age: 28.0 ± 10.2 years). Four Jackson-Pollack (JP) skinfold prediction equations and the DXA criterion (DC) equation were compared to…
Descriptors: Females, Measurement Techniques, Body Composition, Body Weight
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Hadi, Ella N.; Tambunan, Eviana S.; Pratomo, Hadi; Priyohastono, Sutanto; Rustina, Yeni – Health Education Research, 2022
This study aimed to assess the impact of health education on the caring practices of low-birthweight (LBW) infant mothers in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. A quasi-experiment design with a pretest--post-test control group model was conducted on 159 mothers (78 in the intervention group and 81 in the control group) of LBW infants treated in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Health Education, Body Weight, Infants
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Lally, Phillippa; Beeken, Rebecca J.; Wilson, Rose; Omar, Rumana; Hunter, Rachael; Fovargue, Sally; Anderson, Diana; King, Michael; Hassiotis, Angela; Croker, Helen – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2022
Background: The aim was to pilot an adapted manualised weight management programme for persons with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities affected by overweight or obesity ("Shape Up-LD"). Method: Adults with intellectual disabilities were enrolled in a 6-month trial (3-month active intervention and 3-month follow-up) and were…
Descriptors: Body Weight, Health Promotion, Mild Intellectual Disability, Moderate Intellectual Disability
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Davis, Summer; Zhu, Xihe; Haegele, Justin – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2021
Purpose: To examine differences in fitness test performance and the attributions made for the performances between high school students of different weight status. Methods: High school students (n = 185) completed the Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run and the push-up fitness tests and then completed the modified Causal Dimension…
Descriptors: High School Students, Tests, Test Items, Body Composition
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