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Tichenor, Seth E.; Johnson, Chelsea A.; Yaruss, J. Scott – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: Recent studies have shown that many children who stutter may have elevated characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although childhood ADHD commonly persists into adulthood, it is unclear how many adults who stutter experience aspects of ADHD (e.g., inattention or hyperactivity/impulsivity). This study sought to…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Attention Deficit Disorders, Stuttering, Adults
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Simmons, Jessica A.; Antshel, Kevin M. – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2021
Background: Youth with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased independent risk for bullying involvement or depression yet the topic of bullying involvement and depression in ADHD is poorly understood and largely considered without a guiding theoretical framework. Objective: The primary aim of this review was to…
Descriptors: Bullying, Depression (Psychology), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Youth
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Hamilton, Stacey L.; Baraldi, Amanda; Kennison, Shelia M. – Journal of College Counseling, 2021
This research investigated the relationships among symptoms associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), perceived stress, and resilience in college students. In our study of 558 college students (175 men, 383 women), we confirmed the hypothesis that the relationship between ADHD symptoms and perceived stress is mediated by…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Attention Deficit Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Stress Variables
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Zeng, Songtian; Pereira, Brittany; Larson, Anne; Corr, Catherine P.; O'Grady, Courtney; Stone-MacDonald, Angi – Exceptional Children, 2021
Despite their negative effect, preschool suspension and expulsion are prevalent. Researchers have explored adverse childhood experiences and teachers' racial bias that link to disproportionate suspension and expulsion in preschools, but little research has investigated disability status as a risk factor. This study investigates the extent to which…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Suspension, Expulsion, Students with Disabilities
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Brierley, Noah J.; McDonnell, Christina G.; Parks, Kaitlyn M. A.; Schulz, Samantha E.; Dalal, Tyler C.; Kelley, Elizabeth; Anagnostou, Evdokia; Nicolson, Robert; Georgiades, Stelios; Crosbie, Jennifer; Schachar, Russell; Liu, Xudong; Stevenson, Ryan A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and commonly occur in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Little is known about how RRBs manifest in ADHD. We quantified and compared factor structures of RRBs in children with ASD (n = 634) or ADHD (n = 448), and related factors…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Behavior Problems, Repetition, Autism
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Burek, Brittany; Martinussen, Rhonda – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2021
Success in postsecondary education requires proficiency with academic online information seeking. Navigating the internet to find information is a complicated task that is vulnerable to lapses in attention. This study examined the relationships among Canadian graduate students' self-reported behavioral inattention symptoms, awareness and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Graduate Students, Attention, Attention Deficit Disorders
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Rogers, Jack T.; Cahill, Catherine M. – Learning & Memory, 2020
A set of common-acting iron-responsive 5'untranslated region (5'UTR) motifs can fold into RNA stem loops that appear significant to the biology of cognitive declines of Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD), Lewy body dementia (LDD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neurodegenerative diseases exhibit perturbations of iron homeostasis in defined brain…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Dementia, Brain, Cognitive Processes
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Asbjørnsen, Arve E.; Jones, Lise Øen; Eikeland, Ole Johan; Manger, Terje – Education Sciences, 2021
Background: Good screening tools can be of immense value in educational counselling for adults. We report two studies where we explored the factor structure and discriminative power of the Adult Reading Questionnaire (ARQ) in different samples of young adults at risk for reading impairments. Method: The ARQ was designed to screen for literacy…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Reading Skills, Adult Education, Student Evaluation
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Mohamed Ali, Ola; Kotelnikova, Yuliya; Kryski, Katie R.; Durbin, C. Emily; Hayden, Elizabeth P. – Infant and Child Development, 2021
Diverse mechanisms account for the familial aggregation of certain personality traits and externalizing psychopathology. We explored the roles of positive and negative parenting as mediators of longitudinal associations between parents' maladaptive personality traits and their children's inattention/hyperactivity problems. We collected self,…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Parent Child Relationship, Parenting Styles, Psychopathology
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Santambrogio, Jacopo; Masi, Gabriele; Bertelli, Marco O. – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2021
The purpose of this article is to discuss the Royal College of Psychiatrists' Report 230, "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in individuals with intellectual disability" which aims to reduce the frequent misdiagnosis of this condition in people with ID, as shown in the case vignette that begins our commentary. The College…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Adults, Intellectual Disability, Comorbidity
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Salici, Olcay; Söyleyici, Zeynep Senem – African Educational Research Journal, 2020
Attention deficit is one of the child ailments that most parents worry about. To shed light on this problem, the aim of this survey is to investigate the effects of 6-weeks regular table tennis education on the attention levels of school children. The research was carried out on 11 elementary school students (9.82 [plus or minus] 2.23) who have…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Elementary School Students, Athletics, Physical Activities
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Hoffmann, John P. – Youth & Society, 2020
Considerable research has addressed whether various academic factors affect involvement in delinquent behavior among youth. Yet few studies have assessed the association between academic underachievement and delinquency. Academic underachievement is defined as school performance, such as measured by grades, that falls below what is predicted by…
Descriptors: Underachievement, Delinquency, Attention Deficit Disorders, Self Control
Stewart, Alicia A.; Austin, Christy R. – Remedial and Special Education, 2020
Empirical evidence suggests inattention and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are related to reading fluency, reading comprehension, and academic failure. Students with ADHD are served in both general and special education settings, but limited research explores effective reading interventions for this population. The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Programs, Students with Disabilities, Attention Deficit Disorders
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Mellado De La Cruz, Veronica; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Hsiao, Yu-Yu; Clemens, Nathan H.; Jones, Francesca G.; Rivas, Brenna K.; Brewer, Emily A.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Leslie E. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purpose of the study was to assess early literacy skills and examine the presence and stability of challenging behaviors across the critical threshold of the kindergarten school year. Students' (n = 337) literacy performance (letter sound fluency, word attack, and phonological awareness) and challenging behaviors (teacher ratings of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Kindergarten, At Risk Students
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Alloway, Tracy; Lepere, Alexus – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2021
The aim of the present study was to investigate sustained attention and working memory in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), as this issue has not been widely investigated in this population. Children with ASD were age-matched with children diagnosed with dyslexia based on standardised reading assessments. All children were administered…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Short Term Memory, Children, Autism
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