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Haataja, Eetu; Malmberg, Jonna; Dindar, Muhterem; Järvelä, Sanna – Metacognition and Learning, 2022
Being aware of the progress towards one's goals is considered one of the main characteristics of the self-regulation process. This is also the case for collaborative problem solving, which invites group members to metacognitively monitor the progress with their goals and externalize it in social interactions while solving a problem. Monitoring…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Problem Solving, Metacognition, Physiology
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Roos, Anna-Lena; Goetz, Thomas; Voracek, Martin; Krannich, Maike; Bieg, Madeleine; Jarrell, Amanda; Pekrun, Reinhard – Educational Psychology Review, 2021
Test anxiety is a widespread and mostly detrimental emotion in learning and achievement settings. Thus, it is a construct of high interest for researchers and its measurement is an important issue. So far, test anxiety has typically been assessed using self-report measures. However, physiological measures (e.g., heart rate or skin conductance…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Physiology, Arousal Patterns, Correlation
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Snow, Mark D.; Eastwood, Joseph – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Witnessing or experiencing a crime can be emotionally distressing and this emotional reaction can affect the formation and retrieval of event-related memory. Extant eyewitness research, however, has generated inconsistent conclusions regarding the effects of emotional arousal on eyewitness memory. In the planned study, we will use a mock witness…
Descriptors: Negative Attitudes, Emotional Response, Interviews, Recall (Psychology)
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Yi, Li; Wang, Qiandong; Song, Ci; Han, Zhuo Rachel – Child Development Perspectives, 2022
Autistic children tend to show divergent social information processing, and controversies exist regarding the mechanisms underlying this processing. In this article, we summarize and categorize the current theories and evidence related to hypo- and hyperarousal accounts of social information processing in autism. The hypo-arousal account proposes…
Descriptors: Children, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Arousal Patterns, Individualized Programs
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Amponsah, Mark Owusu; Mahama, Inuusah; Takyi Wadieh, Ebenezer – Participatory Educational Research, 2022
Curiosity and academic self-concept as psychological constructs are often mentioned in education and psychology. These constructs are elusive in terms of how they are exhibited or portrayed and measured. Despite their elusive nature, they are highly significant to the success or otherwise of learners. Therefore, the current study explored…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Personality Traits, Self Concept, High School Students
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Lau, Wee Kiat; Chalupny, Jana; Grote, Klaudia; Huckauf, Anke – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2022
Face masks occlude parts of the face which hinders social communication and emotion recognition. Since sign language users are known to process facial information not only perceptually but also linguistically, examining face processing in deaf signers may reveal how linguistic aspects add to perceptual information. In general, signers could be…
Descriptors: Sign Language, Nonverbal Communication, Expertise, Deafness
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Todil, Tugba; Cetinkaya, Senay – Early Child Development and Care, 2022
Kangaroo care (KC) or kangaroo mother care (KMC), sometimes called skin-to-skin contact, is a technique of newborn care where babies are kept chest-to-chest and skin-to-skin with a parent. The research was carried out experimentally to investigate the effect of the early kangaroo care by using Neonatal Comfort Behavior Scale in invasive…
Descriptors: Neonates, Program Effectiveness, Mothers, Crying
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Nam, Beth; Paromita, Projna; Chu, Sharon Lynn; Chaspari, Theodora; Woltering, Steven – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2021
Problem-solving involves both cognitive and physiological changes. Since most prior work has focused on examining the cognitive side of problem-solving, there is more to explore on the physiological side, including skin conductance. The present study examined skin conductance reactivity (SCR) to the moment participants solved three different types…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Human Body, Arousal Patterns, Physiology
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Wong, Tammy Y. Q.; Yap, Melvin J.; Obana, Takashi; Asplund, Christopher L.; Teh, Elizabeth J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
There is currently limited research and a lack of consensus on emotional processing impairments among adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present pilot study sought to characterize the extent to which adults with ASD are impaired in processing emotions in both words and pictures. Ten adults with ASD rated word and picture stimuli on…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Disturbances, Language Processing
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Kim, Andy Jeesu; Alambeigi, Hananeh; Goddard, Tara; McDonald, Anthony D.; Anderson, Brian A. – Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications, 2021
While attention has consistently been shown to be biased toward threatening objects in experimental settings, our understanding of how attention is modulated when the observer is in an anxious or aroused state and how this ultimately affects behavior is limited. In real-world environments, automobile drivers can sometimes carry negative…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Arousal Patterns, Safety, Attention
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Li, Tianshu; Lajoie, Susanne – International Journal of Training and Development, 2021
Affect influences learning and training through various cognitive, psychomotor and motivational processes. This research aims to examine the role of affect in aviation training. Participants' (N = 19) affect and performance were examined in simulated aviation training while they performed ten tasks. Affective states were inferred from…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Aviation Education, Performance, Psychological Patterns
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Ringshaw, Jessica E.; Hamilton, Katie; Malcolm-Smith, Susan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022
Social impairment in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been linked to Theory of Mind (ToM) deficits. However, little research has investigated the relationship between ToM and moral decision-making in children with ASD. This study compared moral decision-making and ToM between aggregate-matched ASD and neurotypical boys (n = 38 per group; aged…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Moral Values, Decision Making, Autism
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Muscatello, Rachael A.; Andujar, Justin; Taylor, Julie L.; Corbett, Blythe A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
Depression is often associated with dysfunction in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and autonomic nervous system (ANS). Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may experience physiological dysregulation and psychological comorbidities; however, the extent to which the interactions between these systems predict internalizing…
Descriptors: Physiology, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Autism
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Fujiwara, Esther; Madan, Christopher R.; Caplan, Jeremy B.; Sommer, Tobias – Learning & Memory, 2021
The brain processes underlying impairing effects of emotional arousal on associative memory were previously attributed to two dissociable routes using high-resolution fMRI of the MTL (Madan et al. 2017). Extrahippocampal MTL regions supporting associative encoding of neutral pairs suggested unitization; conversely, associative encoding of negative…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Arousal Patterns, Neurological Impairments, Paired Associate Learning
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Morgan, Shae D. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: Word recognition in quiet and in background noise has been thoroughly investigated in previous research to establish segmental speech recognition performance as a function of stimulus characteristics (e.g., audibility). Similar methods to investigate recognition performance for suprasegmental information (e.g., acoustic cues used to make…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Word Recognition, Acoustics, Young Adults
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