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Fernández-López, María; Mirault, Jonathan; Grainger, Jonathan; Perea, Manuel – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2021
Skilled readers have developed a certain amount of tolerance to variations in the visual form of words (e.g., CAPTCHAs, handwritten text, etc.). To examine how visual distortion affects the mapping from the visual input onto abstract word representations during normal reading, we focused on a single type of distortion: letter rotation.…
Descriptors: Reading, Alphabets, Word Recognition, Eye Movements
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Zhang, Lan; Treiman, Rebecca – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2021
According to a statistical-learning view of literacy development, children begin to learn about the visual characteristics of writing from an early age. We used a delayed copying task to examine U.S. preschoolers' knowledge about how letters combine with one another. Children (n = 77, mean age 4 years, 8 months) were shown a series of 4-letter…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Knowledge Level, Alphabets, Word Recognition
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Winskel, Heather – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
A contemporary question is whether the script we read in affects our cognition, termed the script relativity hypothesis (Pae in: Script effects as the hidden drive of the mind, cognition, and culture, Springer, Berlin, 2020). The aim of this review is to examine variation in spatial layout (interword spaces and linear-nonlinear configuration) and…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Cognitive Processes, Tone Languages, Alphabets
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Soares, Ana Paula; Lages, Alexandrina; Velho, Mariana; Oliveira, Helena M.; Hernández-Cabrera, Juan – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2021
Soares, Lages, Oliveira, and Cabrera-Hernández (2019) recently showed that the mirror-letter interference effect observed for words containing reversal letters was reliable for words containing left-oriented mirror-letters as 'd', but not for words containing right-oriented mirror-letters as 'b', thus indicating that the directionality of the…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Word Recognition, Alphabets, Interference (Learning)
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Bose, Arpita; Patra, Abhijeet; Antoniou, Georgia Eleftheria; Stickland, Rachael C.; Belke, Eva – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2022
Background: Verbal fluency tasks are routinely used in clinical assessment and research studies of aphasia. People with aphasia produce fewer items in verbal fluency tasks. It remains unclear if their output is limited solely by their lexical difficulties and/or has a basis in their executive control abilities. Recent research has illustrated that…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Executive Function, Aphasia, Language Processing
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Kim, Say Young; Cao, Fan – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
Writing systems differ in various aspects. English and Korean share basic principles of the alphabetic writing system. As an alphabetic script, Korean Hangul has relatively more regular mapping between graphemes and phonemes; however, its letters are written in syllable units, which encourages phonological retrieval at the syllable level.…
Descriptors: English, Korean, Written Language, Alphabets
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Kaye, Elizabeth L.; Lose, Mary K. – Reading Teacher, 2019
Letter learning is nuanced, complex, and essential to the development of an effective literacy processing system. Forming and naming letters, rapidly differentiating between visually similar letters, and recognizing their sound correspondences are foundational to becoming a reader and writer. Indeed, control over letters affects monitoring,…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Alphabets, Beginning Reading, Emergent Literacy
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Yang, Huilan; Reid, J. Nick; Kong, Peipei; Chen, Jingjun – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2022
The "recycling hypothesis" posits that the word recognition system is built upon minimal modifications to the neural architecture used in object recognition. In two masked priming lexical decision studies, we examined whether "mirror generalization," a phenomenon in object recognition, occurs in word recognition. In Study 1, we…
Descriptors: Generalization, Word Recognition, Alphabets, Linguistic Theory
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Ray, Karen; Dally, Kerry; Rowlandson, Leah; Tam, Kit Iong; Lane, Alison E. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
Evidence supports a link between handwriting and aspects of literacy, including both reading and writing. Most evidence, however, pertains to children from grade one and above, once foundation skills known to support emerging literacy have been established. The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesise the extant literature concerning…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Writing Ability, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Mathwin, Kathryn P.; Chapparo, Christine; Hinnit, Joanne – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
Orthographic knowledge of alphabet-letters is thought to mediate accurate motor execution of letter-writing. This study examined the effectiveness of a handwriting program for early non-proficient writers which integrated instruction of factual, procedural, and spatial information to develop orthographic knowledge of alphabet-letters, for the…
Descriptors: Children, Elementary School Students, Handwriting, Writing Difficulties
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Deygers, Bart – Language Assessment Quarterly, 2021
To date, language testing research has devoted little attention to adult L2 learners with low levels of alphabetic print literacy (LESLLA), even though this population makes up for a substantial proportion of the candidature of language tests used for migration purposes. This special issue focuses on LESLLA learners, shows how literacy impacts…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Printed Materials, Written Language, Language Tests
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Elatawy, Safaa M.; Hawa, Doaa M.; Ewees, A. A.; Saad, Abeer M. – Education and Information Technologies, 2020
Sign language is considered as the important communication means among the normal people and the deaf. Therefore, developing communication systems to help those people is an important issue. In this paper, the neutrosophic technique and fuzzy c-means are applied to detect and recognize the alphabet Arabic sign language. The proposed system starts…
Descriptors: Sign Language, Semitic Languages, Alphabets, Pattern Recognition
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Perea, Manuel; Fernández-López, María; Marcet, Ana – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2020
Most orthographies contain both accented and non-accented vowels. But are they processed as variants of the same letter unit or as separate abstract units? Recent research in French has revealed that accented vowels seem to be processed as separate units. Here we examined whether this phenomenon is universal or language-specific. We chose Spanish…
Descriptors: Suprasegmentals, Vowels, Spanish, Language Processing
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Share, David L. – Reading Research Quarterly, 2021
The science of reading has made genuine progress in understanding reading and the teaching of reading, but is the science of reading just the science of reading English? Worldwide, a majority of students learn to read and write in non-European, nonalphabetic orthographies such as abjads (e.g., Arabic), abugidas/alphasyllabaries (e.g., Hindi), or…
Descriptors: Reading Research, English, Ethnocentrism, Alphabets
Duke, Nell K.; Mesmer, Heidi Anne E. – American Educator, 2019
The need to explicitly teach letter-sound relationships in U.S. classrooms is settled science. However, too often such instruction is not provided in the most efficient or effective way. These instructional missteps mean that fewer children will develop strong word-reading skills. In addition, ineffective phonics instruction is likely to require…
Descriptors: Phonics, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Alphabets, Reading Instruction
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