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Schuessler, Rudolf – Journal of Philosophy of Education, 2021
Interest in the role of casuistry and casuistical questions in Kant's "Doctrine of Virtue" ("DV"), i.e. the second part of the "Metaphysics of Morals," has grown in recent years. My own position is formulated in Schuessler (2012, in German), the main thesis of which will be retained here in an updated form and with…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Abstract Reasoning, Moral Values, Values Education
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Prain, Vaughan; Tytler, Russell – Research in Science Education, 2022
There is growing interest in the construct of "transduction", first introduced by (Kress, Cope and Kalantzis (eds), Multiliteracies: Literacy learning and the design of social futures pp.153-161, Routledge, 2000), p. 159) to name how meanings in one mode are remade in another. Science educators now broadly agree that students need to…
Descriptors: Science Education, Multiple Literacies, Science Process Skills, Semiotics
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Bardikoff, Nicole; Sabbagh, Mark A. – Child Development, 2021
An important aspect of executive functioning is the ability to flexibly switch between behavioral rules. This study explored how considering the multidimensionality of objects affects behavioral rule switching in 3-year-old children. In Study 1 (N = 40), children who participated in a brief game separating and aggregating an object's dimensions…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Task Analysis, Executive Function, Games
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Canessa, Enrique; Chaigneau, Sergio E.; Moreno, Sebastián – Cognitive Science, 2021
In the property listing task (PLT), participants are asked to list properties for a concept (e.g., for the concept "dog," "barks," and "is a pet" may be produced). In conceptual property norming (CPNs) studies, participants are asked to list properties for large sets of concepts. Here, we use a mathematical model of…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Concept Formation, Semantics, Visual Impairments
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Goddu, Mariel K.; Sullivan, J. Nicholas; Walker, Caren M. – Child Development, 2021
The ability to consider multiple possibilities forms the basis for a wide variety of human-unique cognitive capacities. When does this skill develop? Previous studies have narrowly focused on children's ability to prepare for incompatible future outcomes. Here, we investigate this capacity in a causal learning context. Adults (N = 109) and 18- to…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Development, Causal Models
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Kilicoglu, Elif; Kaplan, Abdullah – Athens Journal of Education, 2022
In this study, it was investigated whether it would be possible to observe abstraction processes of secondary school 7th graders using the Revised Bloom's Taxonomy. For this purpose, eight students participated in the study. The study was conducted at a state secondary school in Turkey. Purposeful sampling method was used in the selection of…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Grade 7, Mathematics Skills, Abstract Reasoning
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Abu-Ghalyoun, Omar – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2021
Past studies have documented some pre-service teachers' (PSTs) difficulties in reasoning about sampling variability. This study adds to the body of literature by investigating the ideas that PSTs employ in reasoning about sampling variability, and by conjecturing what is behind the difficulties especially during the contextuality episodes. This…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Abstract Reasoning, Sampling, Statistics Education
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Yang, Xin; Naas, Ragnhild; Dunham, Yarrow – Developmental Science, 2022
When seeking to explain social regularities (such as gender differences in the labor market) people often rely on internal features of the targets, frequently neglecting structural and systemic factors external to the targets. For example, people might think women leave the job market after childbirth because they are less competent or are better…
Descriptors: Children, Childrens Attitudes, Abstract Reasoning, Sex
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Wangberg, Aaron; Gire, Elizabeth; Dray, Tevian – Teaching Mathematics and Its Applications, 2022
Students need a robust understanding of the derivative for upper-division mathematics and science courses, including thinking about derivatives as ratios of small changes in multivariable and vector contexts. In "Raising Calculus to the Surface" activities, multivariable calculus students collaboratively discover properties of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods, Calculus, Introductory Courses
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Shipman, Barbara A.; Stephenson, Elizabeth R. – PRIMUS, 2022
Point-set topology is among the most abstract branches of mathematics in that it lacks tangible notions of distance, length, magnitude, order, and size. There is no shape, no geometry, no algebra, and no direction. Everything we are used to visualizing is gone. In the teaching and learning of mathematics, this can present a conundrum. Yet, this…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, College Mathematics, Undergraduate Students, Topology
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Zhuang, Yuling; Conner, AnnaMarie – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2022
Teachers' questioning plays an essential role in shaping collective argumentative discourse. This paper demonstrated that rationality dimensions in teacher questions can be assessed by adapting Habermas' three components of rationality. By coordinating Habermas' construct with Toulmin's model for argumentation, this paper investigated how two…
Descriptors: Questioning Techniques, Teaching Methods, Persuasive Discourse, Abstract Reasoning
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Hoath, Leigh; Morgan, Lewis; Neuberg, Caroline – Primary Science, 2022
The authors outline some of the ways in which they teach student teachers to think about the challenges of abstract concepts in science. They ask the student teachers to think about abstract ideas in a non-science context first, and find they are enabled to discuss and engage (and then later apply) their thinking better. The authors think that…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, Abstract Reasoning, Concept Formation, Elementary School Teachers
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Markle, Josh – For the Learning of Mathematics, 2022
Tentativeness is often framed as a deficit, synonymous with timidity or a lack of confidence. In this article, I situate the notion of tentativeness in an enactivist framework and describe its role as both a strategy and affordance in a spatial visualization exercise. Drawing on insights from mathematics education and ecological psychology, I…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visualization, Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Frith, Emily; Ponce, Pamela; Loprinzi, Paul D. – Journal of Creative Behavior, 2021
The primary objective of this study was to contribute to the growing research discipline investigating the effects of physical exercise on divergent thinking creativity performance. Thirty-two students participated in this two-visit, within-subject intervention. Individuals consented to participate in two randomized, and counterbalanced,…
Descriptors: Creative Thinking, Creativity, Concept Formation, Abstract Reasoning
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Slavit, David; Grace, Elizabeth; Lesseig, Kristin – School Science and Mathematics, 2021
STEM education should be grounded in our knowledge of how students think in STEM-focused learning environments. However, little is currently known regarding specific types of thinking in these contexts. We explore the theoretical notion of STEM Ways of Thinking (SWoT) in interdisciplinary learning situations. Our primary focus is not on the…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Thinking Skills, Interdisciplinary Approach, Cognitive Processes
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