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ERIC Number: EJ879059
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0734-2829
School Climate: Historical Review, Instrument Development, and School Assessment
Zullig, Keith J.; Koopman, Tommy M.; Patton, Jon M.; Ubbes, Valerie A.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v28 n2 p139-152 2010
This study's purpose is to examine the existing school climate literature in an attempt to constitute its definition from a historical context and to create a valid and reliable student-reported school climate instrument. Five historically common school climate domains and five measurement tools were identified, combined, and previewed by the target audience to determine face validity. The final student sample (N = 2,049) was randomly split into exploratory and confirmatory samples and subjected to factor analytic and structural equation modeling techniques. Factor analysis results confirmed an eight-factor solution (loadings with absolute values greater than 0.40). Item factor loadings ranged from 0.42 to 0.87. Coefficient alphas ranged from 0.65 to 0.91. Preliminary analyses support the reliability and validity of the instrument. This is the first study to balance historical precedent (what to measure) and modern scale development procedures (e.g., structural equation modeling) into a single attempt to measure school climate. Implications and potential uses are discussed. (Contains 2 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A