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Showing 76 to 90 of 118 results Save | Export
Golan, Shari; Graham, Sandra – 1990
To study the effects of motivation on cognition, 55 fifth- and sixth-grade students were randomly assigned to 3 motivational treatment groups: (1) ego-involved (ability oriented); (2) task-involved (mastery oriented); and (3) control (no orientation). The ego-involvement treatment attempted to make subjects feel that their abilities on the tasks…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis, Educational Strategies, Elementary School Students
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Clump, Michael A. – Journal of Instructional Psychology, 2005
Previous research indicates that students' learning styles, as assessed by the Inventory of Learning Processes (ILP; Schmeck, Ribich, & Ramanaiah, 1977), change during college. Additionally, prior research indicates that teaching students about their learning styles enables them to change those learning styles. The current study investigated…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Cognitive Style, College Students, Instructional Effectiveness
Rau, M. A.; Aleven, V.; Rummel, N. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
Graphical representations (GRs) of the learning content are often used for instruction (Ainsworth, 2006). When used in learning technology, GRs can be especially useful since they allow for interactions across representations that are physically impossible, for instance by dragging and dropping symbolic statements into a chart that automatically…
Descriptors: Intelligent Tutoring Systems, Retention (Psychology), Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
Barker, Katrina; Dowson, Martin – 1999
This study combines a trichotomous motivational variable (mastery goal, performance approach, and performance avoidance goal) with an information-processing variable referred to as depth of processing, to investigate the effects of motivation on the encoding and recall of verbal information with a sample of infants and primary grade students…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries
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Watkins, David; McInerney, Dennis; Akande, Adebowale; Lee, Clement – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 2003
Compared school motivation and use of deep processing (an indicator of learning quality) among black and white South African students from two recently integrated secondary schools. Student surveys found no significant ethnic group differences. Both groups considered working hard and having interest in school tasks to be more important than…
Descriptors: Black Students, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Learning Strategies
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Xin, Ziqiang; Lin, Chongde; Zhang, Li; Yan, Rong – Educational Psychology in Practice, 2007
Compared with standard arithmetic word problems demanding only the direct use of number operations and computations, realistic problems are harder to solve because children need to incorporate "real-world" knowledge into their solutions. Using the realistic word problem testing materials developed by Verschaffel, De Corte, and Lasure…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Arithmetic, Word Problems (Mathematics), Foreign Countries
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Fenollar, Pedro; Roman, Sergio; Cuestas, Pedro J. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2007
Background: The prediction and explanation of academic performance and the investigation of the factors relating to the academic success and persistence of students are topics of utmost importance in higher education. Aims: The main aim of the present study is to develop and test a conceptual framework in a university context, where the effects of…
Descriptors: Class Size, Self Efficacy, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness
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Gamlin, Peter J. – Language and Speech, 1971
Examines the effects of short term memory (STM) capacity, meaningfulness of stimuli, and age upon listeners' structuring of sentences. Results show that the interaction between STM capacity and meaningfulness (1) approached significance when data were collapsed over both age levels, and (2) was significant for one age level. Tables and references.…
Descriptors: Age, Ambiguity, Deep Structure, Linguistic Competence
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Schmeck, Ronald R; Spofford, Mark – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 1982
An investigation was undertaken to determine whether highly aroused (e.g. highly anxious) students are handicapped with regard to their ability to learn through deep processing and elaboration. The hypothesis that well-developed deep and elaborative habits of thought might counteract the disruptive effects that excessive arousal has upon students…
Descriptors: Arousal Patterns, Attention, Cognitive Style, Higher Education
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Moses, Barbara – School Science and Mathematics, 1988
Discusses the organization and retrieval of information. Describes the tip-of-the-tongue state during mathematics problem solving. Provides five rules for a deep level of processing of new concepts. (YP)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Comprehension, Learning Processes, Mathematics Achievement
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Klapp, Stuart T.; Haas, Brian W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2005
A pattern-masked arrow negatively biased the "free choice" between 2 manual responses or between 2 vocal responses. This apparently nonconscious influence occurred only when the free-choice trials were intermixed randomly with other trials that terminated in fully visible arrows, which directed a response of the same modality (manual vs. vocal) as…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Cognitive Processes, Responses, Experimental Psychology
Kommers, Piet, Ed.; Issa, Tomayess, Ed.; Issa, Theodora, Ed.; McKay, Elspeth, Ed.; Isias, Pedro, Ed. – International Association for Development of the Information Society, 2016
These proceedings contain the papers and posters of the International Conferences on Internet Technologies & Society (ITS 2016), Educational Technologies (ICEduTech 2016) and Sustainability, Technology and Education (STE 2016), which have been organised by the International Association for Development of the Information Society and…
Descriptors: Conferences (Gatherings), Foreign Countries, Internet, Educational Technology
Gadzella, B. M.; And Others – 1987
The Inventory of Learning Processes (ILP) was developed by Schmeck, Ribich, and Ramanaiah in 1977 as a self-report inventory to assess learning style through a behavioral-oriented approach. The ILP was revised by Schmeck in 1983. The Revised ILP contains six scales: (1) Deep Processing; (2) Elaborative Processing; (3) Shallow Processing; (4)…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, College Students, Grade Point Average
Poliquin, Anne M. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
This study explored preservice teachers' views of intelligence. Specifically, I was interested in whether preservice teachers believed that intelligence was changeable (incremental) or fixed (entity). Dweck and colleagues found that people view traits like intelligence as either fixed or incremental (Dweck & Leggett, 1988; Dweck, Chiu, & Hong,…
Descriptors: Evidence, Intervention, Educational Assessment, Prior Learning
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Svensson, L. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 1977
The intention in this research was to collect instances of study skill in different situations, and to relate study activity to levels of understanding and academic performance. Also reanalyzes data described by Marton and Saljo (1976a) which led to the concepts of deep-level processing and surface processing as explanations of qualitative…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Concept Formation
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