NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
ERIC Number: ED554718
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 132
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-3030-7014-3
The Relationship between Type of Bullying Experienced in Childhood and Psychosocial Functioning in Young Adulthood
Heretick, Jennifer A.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Florida
Bullying is well recognized as an experience with negative and potentially adverse consequences. Specifically, research has consistently shown that involvement in bullying has been linked to a wide range of psychosocial difficulties. There are three forms of bullying that have been identified in the literature: Overt bullying, relational bullying, and cyber bullying. Although many studies have investigated the relationship between one specific type of bullying and one or two psychosocial constructs, there is limited research that has focused on all three bullying types, and even fewer studies focused on the long-term relationship. The purposes of this study were to comprehensively examine the relationship between each specific bullying type identified in the research (overt, relational, and cyber) and long term psychosocial functioning and to investigate whether specific bullying types were more prevalent among specific risk factors. A total of 277 undergraduates from Gainesville, FL participated in this study. Gender differences existed, such that females reported a higher rate of involvement as victims of cyber bullying, and males reported a higher rate of involvement as overt aggressors. Each bullying type was related to specific psychosocial difficulties, with relational victimization being associated with the most psychosocial difficulties. In regards to overt bullying, overt aggression was related to current symptoms of Internalizing Problems, Inattention/Hyperactivity, sensation seeking, depression, and school maladjustment. Overt victimization was related to symptoms of depression in young adulthood. Specific to relational bullying, relational aggression was related to school maladjustment and relational victimization was related to loneliness, fear of negative evaluation, social stress, anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and internalizing problems. In regards to cyber bullying, cyber victimization was related to symptoms of sensation seeking. Finally, the study found that higher rates of involvement as a perpetrator of aggressive bullying behaviors were positively associated with self-esteem and negatively associated with school maladjustment. In regards to victimization, higher rates of victimization were negatively associated with sensation seeking behaviors and positively associated with social stress in young adulthood. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A