ERIC Number: EJ864657
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Distinct Orbitofrontal Regions Encode Stimulus and Choice Valuation
Cunningham, William A.; Kesek, Amanda; Mowrer, Samantha M.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, v21 n10 p1956-1966 Oct 2009
The weak axiom of revealed preferences suggests that the value of an object can be understood through the simple examination of choices. Although this axiom has driven economic theory, the assumption of equation between value and choice is often violated. fMRI was used to decouple the processes associated with evaluating stimuli from evaluating one's actions. Whereas activity in left posterior areas of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) was associated with processing the objective value of stimuli, activity in medial anterior areas of the OFC was associated with accepting high value gambles and rejecting low value gambles; that is, making correct decisions. These data demonstrate that distinct areas of the OFC provide dissociated representations for use in adaptive decision-making and suggest an important processing distinction between the concepts of good/bad and right/wrong.
Descriptors: Stimuli, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Cognitive Processes, Decision Making, Brain
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A