ERIC Number: EJ1168634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
A Brief History of Language and Cultural Specialists in the State of Montana--Class 7 Testing
Littlebear, Richard E.
Cogent Education, v4 n1 Article 1371820 2017
In 1995, the Montana Office of Public Instruction supported the Class 7 Indian language and culture specialist license to allow experts in Indigenous languages/cultures identified and certified by their respective tribal nations, to teach in K-12 public schools. This article uses the example of a Class 7 certification process on the Northern Cheyenne Reservation. With approximately 500 speakers, this process provides an opportunity for other language groups to emulate or modify it to fit their own language situation. If a language group has fewer fluent speakers and they are in their 80s, then perhaps a different process would be beneficial.
Descriptors: Indigenous Knowledge, Indigenous Populations, Expertise, Specialists, Reservation American Indians, Native Language Instruction, Native Speakers, Public Schools, Teacher Certification, State Programs, State Legislation, Audits (Verification), Barriers, Resistance to Change, Change Strategies, Educational Practices
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Montana