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Walser, Moritz; Fischer, Rico; Goschke, Thomas – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
We used a newly developed experimental paradigm to investigate aftereffects of completed intentions on subsequent performance that required the maintenance and execution of new intentions. Participants performed an ongoing number categorization task and an additional prospective memory (PM) task, which required them to respond to PM cues that…
Descriptors: Intention, Memory, Classification, Cues
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O'Leary, Timothy P.; Brown, Richard E. – Learning & Memory, 2013
We have previously shown that apparatus design can affect visual-spatial cue use and memory performance of mice on the Barnes maze. The present experiment extends these findings by determining the optimal behavioral measures and test procedure for analyzing visuo-spatial learning and memory in three different Barnes maze designs. Male and female…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Memory, Learning, Animals
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Shimi, Andria; Scerif, Gaia – Developmental Psychology, 2015
What cognitive processes influence how well we maintain information in visual short-term memory (VSTM)? We used a developmentally informed design to delve into the interplay of top-down spatial biases with the nature of the internal memory codes, motivated by documented changes for both factors over childhood. Seven-year-olds, 11-year-olds, and…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Attention, Bias
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Jaeger, Antonio; Cox, Justin C.; Dobbins, Ian G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2012
Individuals' memory experiences typically covary with those of others' around them, and on average, an item is more likely to be familiar if a companion recommends it as such. Although it would be ideal if observers could use the external recommendations of others' as statistical priors during recognition decisions, it is currently unclear how or…
Descriptors: Memory, Recognition (Psychology), Familiarity, Accuracy
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Cordova, Alberto; Gabbard, Carl – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2012
Theory suggests that the vision-for-perception and vision-for-action processing streams operate under very different temporal constraints (Glover, 2004; Goodale, Jackobson, & Keillor, 1994; Graham, Bradshaw, & Davis, 1998; Hu, Eagleson, & Goodale, 1999). With the present study, children and young adults were asked to estimate how far a cued target…
Descriptors: Cues, Vision, Theories, Statistical Analysis
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Riggs, Anne E.; Kalish, Charles W.; Alibali, Martha W. – Developmental Psychology, 2014
In any learning situation, children must decide the level of generality with which to encode information. Cues to generality may affect children's memory for different components of a learning episode. In this research, we investigated whether 1 cue to generality, generic language, affects children's memory for information about social categories…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Young Children, Memory, Coding
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Rolison, Jonathan J.; Evans, Jonathan St. B. T.; Dennis, Ian; Walsh, Clare R. – Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 2012
Multiple cue probability learning (MCPL) involves learning to predict a criterion based on a set of novel cues when feedback is provided in response to each judgment made. But to what extent does MCPL require controlled attention and explicit hypothesis testing? The results of two experiments show that this depends on cue polarity. Learning about…
Descriptors: Cues, Learning, Prediction, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Jaeger, Antonio; Selmeczy, Diana; O'Connor, Akira R.; Diaz, Michael; Dobbins, Ian G. – Neuropsychologia, 2012
Cortical regions supporting cognitive control and memory judgment are structurally immature in adolescents. Here we studied adolescents (13-15 y.o.) and young adults (20-22 y.o.) using a recognition memory paradigm that modulates cognitive control demands through cues that probabilistically forecast memory probe status. Behaviorally, adolescence…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Adolescents, Brain, Neurological Organization
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Belmonti, Vittorio; Cioni, Giovanni; Berthoz, Alain – Developmental Science, 2015
Navigational and reaching spaces are known to involve different cognitive strategies and brain networks, whose development in humans is still debated. In fact, high-level spatial processing, including allocentric location encoding, is already available to very young children, but navigational strategies are not mature until late childhood. The…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Navigation, Spatial Ability, Hypothesis Testing
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Arosio, Fabrizio; Yatsushiro, Kazuko; Forgiarini, Matteo; Guasti, Maria Teresa – Language Learning and Development, 2012
We investigated the processing of agreement marking and case marking in the comprehension of German relative clauses in 48 seven-year-old monolingual German-speaking children in a picture selection task. We examined the relation between the effectiveness of these different morphological cues and individual memory resources as measured by a…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Language Acquisition, Monolingualism, Cues
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Taylor, Jason R.; Henson, Richard N. – Neuropsychologia, 2012
We begin with a theoretical overview of the concepts of recollection and familiarity, focusing, in the spirit of this special issue, on the important contributions made by Andrew Mayes. In particular, we discuss the issue of when the generation of semantically-related information in response to a retrieval cue might be experienced as recollection…
Descriptors: Test Items, Familiarity, Children, Recognition (Psychology)
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Noreen, Saima; MacLeod, Malcolm D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
Using a novel autobiographical think/no-think procedure (ATNT; a modified version of the think/no-think task), 2 studies explored the extent to which we possess executive control over autobiographical memory. In Study 1, 30 never-depressed participants generated 12 positive and 12 negative autobiographical memories. Memories associated with…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Stimuli, Autobiographies
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Wieghall, Anna R.; Altmann, Gerry T. M. – Journal of Child Language, 2011
An auditory sentence comprehension task investigated the extent to which the integration of contextual and structural cues was mediated by verbal memory span with 32 English-speaking six- to eight-year-old children. Spoken relative clause sentences were accompanied by visual context pictures which fully (depicting the actions described within the…
Descriptors: Sentences, Cues, Short Term Memory, Language Processing
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Spillers, Gregory J.; Unsworth, Nash – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
Unsworth and Engle (2007) recently proposed a model of working memory capacity characterized by, among other things, the ability to conduct a strategic, cue-dependent search of long-term memory. Although this ability has been found to mediate individual variation in a number of higher order cognitive tasks, the component processes involved remain…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory, Probability, Recall (Psychology)
Brooker, Heather Rogers – ProQuest LLC, 2013
It is estimated that nearly 70% of high school students in the United States need some form of reading remediation, with the most common need being the ability to comprehend the content and significance of the text (Biancarosa & Snow, 2004). Research findings support the use of visual imagery and keyword cues as effective comprehension…
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Cues, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
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