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Schneider, Sascha; Nebel, Steve; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
Many (digital) learning materials are often based on a combination of text and pictures, whereby pictures often only serve a decorative (learning-irrelevant) function. Such decorative pictures were proven as detrimental for learning success. In contrast, research on retrieval cues (also known as "memory cues") showed that a…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Pictorial Stimuli, Cues, Multimedia Materials
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Dunbar, Amber B.; Taylor, Jane R. – Learning & Memory, 2016
Previously consolidated memories have the potential to enter a state of lability upon memory recall, during which time the memory can be altered before undergoing an additional consolidation-like process and being stored again as a long-term memory. Blocking reconsolidation of aberrant memories has been proposed as a potential treatment for…
Descriptors: Cocaine, Brain, Inhibition, Memory
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Mateo, Alonso; Ros, Laura; Ricarte, Jorge J.; Fernandez, Dolores; Latorre, Jose M. – Early Child Development and Care, 2020
Although small children have autobiographical memories, as they grow, they forget its specific details. Although this forgetting is common in early childhood, the presence of effective cues may help recall autobiographical memories. This study examines the effect of verbal and visual cues on the long-term maintenance of a school trip…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Selmeczy, Diana; Dobbins, Ian G. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Recognition judgments can benefit from the use of environmental cues that signal the general likelihood of encountering familiar versus unfamiliar stimuli. While incorporating such cues is often adaptive, there are circumstances (e.g., eyewitness testimony) in which observers should fully ignore environmental cues in order to preserve memory…
Descriptors: Memory, Cues, Familiarity, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Albrecht, Rebecca; Hoffmann, Janina A.; Pleskac, Timothy J.; Rieskamp, Jörg; von Helversen, Bettina – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Research on quantitative judgments from multiple cues suggests that judgments are simultaneously influenced by previously abstracted knowledge about cue-criterion relations and memories of past instances (or exemplars). Yet extant judgment theories leave 2 questions unanswered: (a) How are past exemplars and abstracted cue knowledge combined to…
Descriptors: Cues, Memory, Cognitive Processes, Value Judgment
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Smith, Garrett; Vasishth, Shravan – Cognitive Science, 2020
Among theories of human language comprehension, cue-based memory retrieval has proven to be a useful framework for understanding when and how processing difficulty arises in the resolution of long-distance dependencies. Most previous work in this area has assumed that very general retrieval cues like [+subject] or [+singular] do the work of…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Cues, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Robin, Jessica; Wynn, Jordana; Moscovitch, Morris – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Events always unfold in a spatial context, leading to the claim that it serves as a scaffold for encoding and retrieving episodic memories. The ubiquitous co-occurrence of spatial context with events may induce participants to generate a spatial context when hearing scenarios of events in which it is absent. Spatial context should also serve as an…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Cues
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van de Ven, Vincent; Kochs, Sarah; Smulders, Fren; De Weerd, Peter – Learning & Memory, 2017
The extent to which time is represented in memory remains underinvestigated. We designed a time paired associate task (TPAT) in which participants implicitly learned cue-time-target associations between cue-target pairs and specific cue-target intervals. During subsequent memory testing, participants showed increased accuracy of identifying…
Descriptors: Intervals, Time, Memory, Cues
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Iida, Ryosuke; Itsukusima, Yukio; Mah, Eric Y. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2020
According to the cue-belief model, we assess confidence in our memories using self-credibility cues that reflect beliefs about our memory faculties. We tested the influence of meta-memory feedback on self-credibility cues in the context of eyewitness testimony, when feedback was provided prior to "testifying" via a memory questionnaire…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Memory, Identification, Accuracy
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Schmidt, Elaine; Pérez, Ana; Cilibrasi, Luca; Tsimpli, Ianthi – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2020
Prosody is crucial for language comprehension because it highlights underlying structures. This study explores whether prosody facilitates "memory recall" to the same extent in L1 and L2, and whether memory recall is poorer in L2 or whether language-specific differences can mitigate L2 processing difficulties. Nineteen Greek learners of…
Descriptors: Intonation, Second Language Learning, Language Processing, Suprasegmentals
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Hanczakowski, Maciej; Mazzoni, Giuliana – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) is the finding of impaired memory performance for information stored in long-term memory due to retrieval of a related set of information. This phenomenon is often assigned to operations of a specialized mechanism recruited to resolve interference during retrieval by deactivating competing memory representations.…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Memory, Interference (Learning), Cognitive Processes
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Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M. – Child Development, 2011
Although infantile amnesia has been investigated for many years in adults, only recently has it been investigated in children. This study was a 2-year follow-up and extension of an earlier study. Children (4-13 years old) were asked initially and 2 years later for their earliest 3 memories. At follow-up, their age at the time of these memories…
Descriptors: Cues, Comparative Analysis, Memory, Children
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Fricks-Gleason, Ashley N.; Marshall, John F. – Learning & Memory, 2008
Contexts and discrete cues associated with drug-taking are often responsible for relapse among addicts. Animal models have shown that interference with the reconsolidation of drug-cue memories can reduce seeking of drugs or drug-paired stimuli. One such model is conditioned place preference (CPP) in which an animal is trained to associate a…
Descriptors: Animals, Cues, Cocaine, Autism
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Briggs, James F.; Olson, Brian P. – Learning & Memory, 2013
We investigated whether reexposure to an amnestic agent would reverse amnesia for extinction of learned fear similar to that of a reactivated memory. When cycloheximide (CHX) was administered immediately after a brief cue-induced memory reactivation (15 sec) and an extended extinction session (12 min) rats showed retrograde amnesia for both…
Descriptors: Memory, Models, Fear, Drug Use
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Shimi, Andria; Nobre, Anna C.; Astle, Duncan; Scerif, Gaia – Child Development, 2014
How does developing attentional control operate within visual short-term memory (VSTM)? Seven-year-olds, 11-year-olds, and adults (total n = 205) were asked to report whether probe items were part of preceding visual arrays. In Experiment 1, central or peripheral cues oriented attention to the location of to-be-probed items either prior to…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Short Term Memory, Children, Adults
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