ERIC Number: EJ1058781
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Conceptualizing Skill within a Participatory Ecological Approach to Outdoor Adventure
Mullins, Philip M.
Journal of Experiential Education, v37 n4 p320-334 Dec 2014
To answer calls for an ecological approach to outdoor adventure that can respond to the crisis of sustainability, this paper suggests greater theoretical and empirical attention to skill and skill development as shaping participant interactions with and experiences of environments, landscapes, places, and inhabitants. The paper reviews calls for ecological approaches as well as phenomenological analyses of outdoor adventure. The paper then outlines a heuristic perspective that positions humanity as belonging within environments and highlights the performative and movement orientation of outdoor adventure. Ingold's work is outlined as an informative ecological ontology and, integrating it with the literature reviewed, alternative conceptualizations of skill, activity, and outdoor adventure are provided. These understandings enable a first step in formulating and researching a participatory ecological approach to outdoor adventure education, recreation, and tourism.
Descriptors: Outdoor Education, Environmental Education, Adventure Education, Ecology, Skill Development, Place Based Education, Student Participation, Heuristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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