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Bohon, Lisa M.; Cotter, Kelly A.; Kravitz, Richard L.; Cello, Philip C.; Fernandez y Garcia, Erik – Journal of American College Health, 2016
Background: Between 9.5% and 31.3% of college students suffer from depression ("American college health association national college health assessment II: reference group executive summary spring 2013." "Amer. Coll. Health Assoc." 2013; Eagan K, Stolzenberg EB, Ramirez JJ, Aragon, MC, Suchard, RS, Hurtado S. "The American…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Health Services, Depression (Psychology), Behavior Theories
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Gorgulu, Recep – Journal of Education and Learning, 2019
The aim of this experimental study was to test Wegner's (1994) theory of ironic processes in a basketball free throw task under pressure. More specifically, Wegner (1994) predicts that when instructed not to perform in a certain manner performers' performance will break down where it is least desired way which is the main hypothesis of the current…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Anxiety, Physical Education, Attention Control
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Dixon, Raymond A.; Johnson, Scott D. – Journal of Technology Education, 2012
A cognitive construct that is important when solving engineering design problems is executive control process, or metacognition. It is a central feature of human consciousness that enables one "to be aware of, monitor, and control mental processes." The framework for this study was conceptualized by integrating the model for creative design, which…
Descriptors: Engineering, Novices, Metacognition, Higher Education
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Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Casey, Beth M.; Pezaris, Elizabeth; Shadmehr, Maryam; Jong, Margeau – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The development of math reasoning and 3-d mental rotation skills are intertwined. However, it is currently not understood how these cognitive processes develop and interact longitudinally at the within-person level -- either within or across genders. In this study, 553 students (52% girls) were assessed from fifth to seventh grades on 3-d mental…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Processes
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de Koning, Björn B.; Bos, Lisanne T.; Wassenburg, Stephanie I.; van der Schoot, Menno – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
This study investigated the effects of a mental simulation training targeted at improving children's reading comprehension. In a 4-week period, one group of third and fourth graders (n = 75) learned to draw upon their sensorimotor memories and experiences to mentally simulate text (experimental training group), whereas another group (n = 51)…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Reading Strategies, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness
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Turgut, Murat; Yasar, Onur Mutlu – Journal of Education and Learning, 2020
In order to achieve the expected high performance, athletes must be physically, technically, tactically and socially ready as well as being psychologically ready and strong (Erdogan & Kocaeksi, 2015). In this context, mental training of athletes is also important. Mental training means that athletes adjust and control their own sports behavior…
Descriptors: Performance, College Athletics, Athletes, Metacognition
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Ferrari, Anne – Teaching of Psychology, 2016
Research shows that a very small percentage of those who suffer from mental illness seek professional help and fear of stigma is a principal factor why individuals are reluctant to obtain assistance. This study evaluated whether using examples of celebrities' experiences with mental illness as a form of "contact" with a mentally ill…
Descriptors: Psychology, Teaching Methods, Help Seeking, Mental Disorders
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Exner-Cortens, Deinera; Wolfe, David; Crooks, Claire V.; Chiodo, Debbie – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2020
Bullying and mental health problems are pressing concerns for adolescents. Given their burden, we need to find efficacious ways to prevent these experiences. However, existing prevention programs tend to be single-issue and may not focus on the universal capacities required to reduce these problems among youth. To this end, we evaluated the…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, Bullying, Mental Health, Adolescents
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Long, Michael W.; Albright, Glenn; McMillan, Jeremiah; Shockley, Kristen M.; Price, Olga Acosta – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Despite the critical role of educators as gatekeepers for school mental health services, they receive limited training to support student mental health. We report findings from a trial of an online mental health role-play simulation for elementary school teachers on changes in attitudes and self-reported helping behaviors for students…
Descriptors: Mental Health, School Health Services, Role Playing, Elementary School Teachers
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Johns, Adam; Homewood, Judi; Stevenson, Richard; Taylor, Alan – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012
This study examined differences in implicit and explicit memory performance between people with Down syndrome (DS), their siblings, children matched on mental age, and university undergraduates, using olfactory stimuli. The DS and mental-age matched participants were also compared on two tasks of executive function. The data revealed implicit…
Descriptors: Siblings, Stimuli, Down Syndrome, Memory
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Williams, Tracey A.; Porter, Melanie A.; Langdon, Robyn – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2014
Evidence is emerging that individuals with Fragile X syndrome (FXS) display emotion recognition deficits, which may contribute to their significant social difficulties. The current study investigated the emotion recognition abilities, and social approachability judgments, of FXS individuals when processing emotional stimuli. Relative to…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Mental Retardation, Emotional Response, Interpersonal Competence
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Dedousis-Wallace, Anna; Shute, Rosalyn; Varlow, Megan; Murrihy, Rachael; Kidman, Tony – Educational Psychology, 2014
This study with 326 girls-school teachers developed and tested a model of predictors of the likelihood that teachers will intervene in indirect bullying, and evaluated a professional development presentation. Teachers responded to bullying vignettes before and after a presentation on indirect bullying (Experimentals) or adolescent mental health…
Descriptors: Single Sex Schools, Females, Intervention, Teacher Role
Minahan, Jessica – Phi Delta Kappan, 2019
Teachers today work in classrooms where a large proportion of students have mental health disorders. Yet, because these teachers lack training in mental health issues, they often react to these students in ways that cause them to shut down or escalate their aggressive behavior. Other teachers, however, seem to intuitively understand how to connect…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Mental Disorders, Aggression, Behavior Problems
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Bailey, Andrew; Hughes, Allison; Bullock, Kennedy; Hill, Gabriel – Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 2019
Outdoor activities induce positive mental and physical outcomes despite, or because of, the inherent risk. The psychological mechanisms driving this growth have not yet been adequately explained. This study employed portable EEG devices to track the mental states of competitive rock climbers during activity. Thirty-five participants (25% female)…
Descriptors: Recreational Activities, Physiology, Diagnostic Tests, Mental Health
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Lund, Tony; Walker, Mimi – Science Teacher, 2015
To address the needs of the high population of students with learning disabilities at their school, the author and a colleague created an inclusion science class that focuses on active, hands-on science. The course prepares students of various learning abilities for the state-mandated end-of-course biology assessment. Many of their students have…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Learning Disabilities, Inclusion
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