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Owens, James – Personnel Administrator, 1981
Reviews and organizes modern leadership theories. Notes the research supporting the main thesis of contingency theory and that effective leadership style is contingent upon situational factors. Characteristics of management training based on the contingency approach are identified. (Author/MLF)
Descriptors: Behavior Theories, Leadership Qualities, Leadership Styles, Leadership Training
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Killeen, Peter R. – Psychological Review, 2009
Goods remote in temporal, spatial, or social distance, or in likelihood, exert less control over our behavior than those more proximate. The decay of influence with distance, of perennial interest to behavioral economists, has had a renaissance in the study of delay discounting. By developing discount functions from marginal utilities, this…
Descriptors: Delay of Gratification, Probability, Behavioral Science Research, Influences
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van de Grift, W. J. C. M.; Houtveen, A. A. M. – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2006
In some primary schools, the average performance of pupils over several years is significantly below the level that could be expected of these pupils. There are several theories for this phenomenon, known as underperformance. Theory on opportunity to learn predicts that pupils in underperforming schools are not given sufficient opportunity to…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Student Characteristics, Educational Theories, Racial Differences
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Covrig, Duane M. – Journal of Educational Administration, 2005
Purpose: Contingency and institutional theories of organizational development are used to describe and interpret the 100-year history of a health science university and to then make a case for teaching organizational sociology in administrative preparation programs. Design/methodology/approach: Primary and secondary documents were analyzed to…
Descriptors: Organizational Development, Organizational Theories, Sociology, Primary Sources
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Miller, Robert J.; Rowan, Brian – American Educational Research Journal, 2006
Proponents of school restructuring often promote the purported benefits of professional forms of management that call for staff cooperation and collegiality, teachers' participation in school decision making, and supportive leadership by school principals. A theoretical perspective on organizations known as contingency theory refers to such…
Descriptors: Collegiality, Elementary Secondary Education, School Restructuring, Principals
Wozniak, Carl – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Administrator perspectives regarding current and potential increased participation in post-secondary educational opportunities by Michigan high school students were explored in this descriptive quantitative study. Targeted concerns included current institutional levels of involvement, personal knowledge concerning program rules and regulations,…
Descriptors: Funding Formulas, High Schools, Advanced Placement, Eligibility
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Hinings, C. R.; And Others – Administrative Science Quarterly, 1974
Reports on methods devised to test the strategic-contingencies theory of intraorganizational power which hypothesizes that the power of subunits results from contingent dependences among them created by unspecified combinations of coping with uncertainty. (Author)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Hypothesis Testing, Methods, Organization
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Leung, Kim Chau – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Previous meta-analyses of the effects of peer tutoring on academic achievement have been plagued with theoretical and methodological flaws. Specifically, these studies have not adopted both fixed and mixed effects models for analyzing the effect size; they have not evaluated the moderating effect of some commonly used parameters, such as comparing…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Tutoring, Best Practices, Academic Achievement
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Nielsen, Thomas Rosendal; Hustvedt, Kjersti – Research in Drama Education, 2017
In 1979, Gavin Bolton posed a question that is still fundamental to the development of process drama: "Is it possible to steer a course that does not come down in support of any particular point of view but causes children to examine and re-examine their own views and values?" Inspired by Bakhtinian theory, Brian Edmiston developed a…
Descriptors: Drama, Teaching Methods, Sequential Learning, Observation
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Zuo, Yuhan; Weng, Qingxiong; Xie, Xiaoyun – Journal of Career Development, 2020
This study was conducted to examine whether internships can boost graduates' career development. In doing so, we develop a contingency model of internship efficacy. Employing signaling theory, we argue that internships serve as a signal of a graduate's vocational capacity to their potential employers. We propose that major-related and…
Descriptors: Internship Programs, Program Effectiveness, Career Development, College Graduates
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Gresov, Christopher – Administrative Science Quarterly, 1989
Proposes a multiple contingencies theory that simultaneously examines task and dependence effects on unit design and efficiency. The model is tested, using data from 529 work units in 60 employment security offices. Units facing conflicting contingencies are more prone to design misfit and lower performance. Includes 40 references. (MLH)
Descriptors: Departments, Design, Efficiency, Organizational Effectiveness
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Rowland, Tim; Thwaites, Anne; Jared, Libby – Research in Mathematics Education, 2015
Our research in the last decade has been into classroom situations that we perceive to make demands on mathematics teachers' disciplinary knowledge of content and pedagogy. Amongst the most visible of such situations are those that we describe as "contingent", in which a teacher is faced with some unexpected event, and challenged to…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Grounded Theory, Foreign Countries
Hwang, Woosang – ProQuest LLC, 2011
In a constantly changing global business environment, firms have no other choice but to continually expand their capabilities and sharpen their competitive edge. Toward this goal, an increasing number of organizations are turning to Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems. An ERP system utilizes various kinds of information processing…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Organizational Effectiveness, Business Administration, Information Processing
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Donohoe, C.; Topping, K. J.; Hannah, E. – Educational Psychology in Practice, 2021
This quantitative study examined year group, ability level and gender differences in mindset, social value of effort and contingencies of self-worth of 174 participants aged 13-18 years in a Scottish secondary school. The measures were Dweck's (2000) Theories of Intelligence Scale, Juvonen and Murdoch's (1995) Social Value of Effort Scale and…
Descriptors: Social Values, Self Concept, Gender Differences, Measures (Individuals)
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Sanchez, Diana T.; Kwang, Tracy – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2007
Given women's communally oriented socialization and social pressures to find romantic partners, many heterosexual women may derive self-worth from having romantic relationships (relationship contingency). Across two studies, we explored whether relationship contingency heightens women's body shame. Studies 1A and 1B found that relationship…
Descriptors: Females, Structural Equation Models, Self Concept, Interpersonal Relationship
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