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Gross, Thomas J.; Duhon, Gary J.; Shutte, Greg; Rowland, Julie E. – Contemporary School Psychology, 2016
Math fact fluency is critical for understanding complex mathematics. Explicit timing interventions have shown promise for improving math fluency, and they may benefit from being paired with group-oriented contingencies. Further, investigations of independent and dependent group-oriented contingencies would help to identify their relative…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Addition, Mathematical Concepts, Feedback (Response)
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Ramirez, Lauren Haas; Hawkins, Renee O.; Collins, Tai A.; Ritter, Chelsea; Haydon, Todd – School Psychology Review, 2019
Group contingencies are an effective way to prevent and address problem behavior; however, the extent to which these effects transfer to settings where the intervention is not implemented (i.e., setting generalization) is unknown. Using a multiple baseline design, this study assessed the setting generalization of the effects of an interdependent…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Group Activities, Contingency Management
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McArdle, Paige E.; McMahon, Meara X. H.; Ardoin, Scott P.; Trump, Cary E.; Molony, Maggie A. – Journal of Behavioral Education, 2021
The time students spend actively engaged with instruction is positively correlated with their academic achievement (Dotterer and Lowe in J Youth Adolesc 40:1649-1660, 2011). Conversely, the time spent transitioning between activities is inversely related to the time spent in productive learning activities, thus limiting opportunities for student…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Time on Task, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement
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Lum, John D. K.; Radley, Keith C.; Tingstrom, Daniel H.; Dufrene, Brad A.; Olmi, D. Joe; Wright, Sarah J. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2019
The present study examined the effects of tootling, a peer-mediated positive behavior intervention, on students' classwide disruptive and academically engaged behavior in three general education high school classrooms. A withdrawal design was used to assess the effects of the intervention. Students wrote tootles anonymously on paper slips and…
Descriptors: Peer Mediation, Intervention, Behavior Problems, Behavior Change
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Wischgoll, Anke; Pauli, Christine; Reusser, Kurt – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
An individual's learning is determined by cognition, motivation, and social context. Taking these aspects into account, we assessed scaffolding in tutoring situations via contingency to determine how successful and unsuccessful teacher-student interactions are shaped. We aimed to find out how the problem-solving process in successful tutoring…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Tutoring, Teacher Student Relationship, Problem Solving
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Ashby, F. Gregory; Vucovich, Lauren E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Feedback is highly contingent on behavior if it eventually becomes easy to predict, and weakly contingent on behavior if it remains difficult or impossible to predict even after learning is complete. Many studies have demonstrated that humans and nonhuman animals are highly sensitive to feedback contingency, but no known studies have examined how…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Classification, Learning Processes, Associative Learning
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Leon, Raul A.; Williams, Damon A. – Innovative Higher Education, 2016
This study focused on an examination of the work of 10 diversity committees operating in 10 research institutions across the midwestern region of the United States. We explored the work of these committees with a focus on the concept of strategic diversity leadership. To conduct this examination we examined five contingencies impacting the work of…
Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Cultural Pluralism, Definitions, Student Diversity
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Helton, Maria R.; Alber-Morgan, Sheila R. – Young Exceptional Children, 2020
Early elementary inclusive classrooms present teachers with demanding responsibilities. The wide range of student backgrounds, ability levels, and previous school experiences require a well-managed classroom that maximizes instructional time. Teachers reported spending more time addressing disruptive behaviors than they thought they should. One…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Inclusion, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers
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Lin, Olivia Y.-H.; MacLeod, Colin M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Three experiments investigated the learning of simple associations in a color-word contingency task. Participants responded manually to the print colors of 3 words, with each word associated strongly to 1 of the 3 colors and weakly to the other 2 colors. Despite the words being irrelevant, response times to high-contingency stimuli and to…
Descriptors: Associative Learning, Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Color
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Walker, Gareth – Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, 2016
An auspicious but unexplored environment for studying phonetic variation in naturalistic interaction is where two or more participants say the same thing at the same time. Working with a core dataset built from the multimodal Augmented Multi-party Interaction corpus, the principles of conversation analysis were followed to analyze the sequential…
Descriptors: Phonetics, Acoustics, Nonverbal Communication, Computational Linguistics
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Deshais, Meghan A.; Fisher, Alyssa B.; Kahng, SungWoo – Education and Treatment of Children, 2018
We conducted a preliminary investigation of a randomized dependent group contingency to decrease disruptive behavior during hallway transitions. Two first-graders, identified by their classroom teacher, participated in this study. A multiple baseline across transitions was used to evaluate the effects of the randomized dependent group contingency…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Discipline Problems, Prevention
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Hawkins, Renee O.; Collins, Tai A.; Haas Ramirez, Lauren; Murphy, J. Meredith; Ritter, Chelsea – Behavioral Disorders, 2020
Using an ABAB withdrawal design, the study evaluated the direct and generalized effects of a combined independent and interdependent group contingency on the engagement and disruptive behavior of two groups of students enrolled in an alternative school serving students with emotional and behavioral disorders. Class 1 included seven middle school…
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Student Behavior, Nontraditional Education, Emotional Disturbances
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McDaniel, Jena; Yoder, Paul; Crandall, Madison; Millan, Maria Estefania; Ardel, Christina Mich; Gengoux, Grace W.; Hardan, Antonio Y. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
A pivotal response treatment package consisting of clinician-delivered and parent-implemented strategies was recently found to be effective in improving language and social communication deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder. Reciprocal vocal contingency, an automated measure of vocal reciprocity, may provide stronger and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Intervention
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Ennis, Robin Parks – Beyond Behavior, 2018
Group contingencies are effective classroom-based interventions that can be used to increase the academic engagement of students with disabilities. This article defines and outlines examples of dependent, independent, and interdependent group contingencies. In addition, tips for success, including making reinforcement accessible to students,…
Descriptors: Success, Student Behavior, Group Dynamics, Classroom Techniques
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Reynolds, Dan; Daniel, Shannon – Reading Research Quarterly, 2018
Although much research exists on scaffolding in reading instruction, confusion about the construct persists. In this commentary inspired by a recent article in "Reading Research Quarterly," we argue for the importance of contingency--that is, responsiveness to student thinking--in reading comprehension scaffolding. We begin by defining…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Reading Research, Comparative Analysis, Video Technology
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