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ERIC Number: EJ782843
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jan
Pages: 18
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5511
Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis: Locating the Invariant Referent Sets
French, Brian F.; Finch, W. Holmes
Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v15 n1 p96-113 Jan 2008
Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MCFA) is a popular method for the examination of measurement invariance and specifically, factor invariance. Recent research has begun to focus on using MCFA to detect invariance for test items. MCFA requires certain parameters (e.g., factor loadings) to be constrained for model identification, which are assumed to be invariant across groups, and act as referent variables. When this invariance assumption is violated, location of the parameters that actually differ across groups becomes difficult. The factor ratio test and the stepwise partitioning procedure in combination have been suggested as methods to locate invariant referents, and appear to perform favorably with real data examples. However, the procedures have not been evaluated through simulations where the extent and magnitude of a lack of invariance is known. This simulation study examines these methods in terms of accuracy (i.e., true positive and false positive rates) of identifying invariant referent variables. (Contains 5 tables.)
Lawrence Erlbaum. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; United States