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Showing 46 to 60 of 92 results Save | Export
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Averdijk, Margit; Malti, Tina; Eisner, Manuel; Ribeaud, Denis – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2012
This study investigated the relationship between parental separation and aggressive and internalizing behavior in a large sample of Swiss children drawn from the ongoing Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths. Parents retrospectively reported life events and problem behavior for the first 7 years of the child's life on a…
Descriptors: Divorce, Depression (Psychology), Social Development, Parent Child Relationship
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McMullen, John; O'Callaghan, Paul; Shannon, Ciaran; Black, Alastair; Eakin, John – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2013
Background: The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been home to the world's deadliest conflict since World War II and is reported to have the largest number of child soldiers in the world. Despite evidence of the debilitating impact of war, no group-based mental health or psychosocial intervention has been evaluated in a randomised controlled…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, War, Trauma, Armed Forces
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Keenan-Miller, Danielle; Peris, Tara; Axelson, David; Kowatch, Robert A.; Miklowitz, David J. – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2012
Objective: Impaired social functioning is common among youth with bipolar disorder (BD), emerges in multiple settings, and persists over time. However, little is known about factors associated with poor peer and family functioning in the early-onset form of BD. Using a sample of adolescents with BD I or II, we examined which symptoms of BD,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Parent Child Relationship, Child Behavior, Conflict
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Bauer, Natasa; Krivohlavy, Jaro – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 1974
In order to test the practicality of non-zero sum games for analyzing children's social behavior, the classic Prisoners' Dilemna Game performance were compared for institutionalized and home-reared boys. (DP)
Descriptors: Cooperation, Games, Institutionalized Persons, Personality Assessment
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Woolgar, Matthew; Murray, Lynne – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Background: Children's representations of mothers in doll-play are associated with child adjustment. Despite the importance of fathers for children's adjustment, especially in the context of maternal psychopathology, few studies have considered children's representations of their fathers. Method: We examined the portrayal of fathers by 5-year-old…
Descriptors: Play, Mothers, Psychiatry, Parent Child Relationship
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Slone, Michelle; Shechner, Tomer – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2009
Background: This study examined relations between Israeli adolescents' political violence exposure and psychiatric consequences over seven years around the second Intifada and possible differential effects according to age and gender. Methods: Cross-sectional data was collected from 3667 adolescents aged 10-18, constituting two age groups of early…
Descriptors: Violence, Conflict, Adolescents, Severity (of Disability)
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Frankel, Frederick D.; Gorospe, Clarissa M.; Chang, Ya-Chih; Sugar, Catherine A. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: Children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are generally included with typically developing peers at school. They have difficulties interacting with peers on the school playground. Previous literature suggests that having play dates in the home may be related to better peer acceptance at school. Methods: This study…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Play, Observation, Autism
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El-Sheikh, Mona; Buckhalt, Joseph A.; Cummings, E. Mark; Keller, Peggy – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: Sleep problems are prevalent in American children. A critical need is to identify sources and processes related to sleep disruptions and their sequelae. We examined a model linking parental marital conflict and children's emotional insecurity, sleep disruptions, and their adjustment and academic problems. Method: One hundred and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Sleep, Incidence, Identification
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Hwang, Wei-Chin; Wood, Jeffrey J. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2009
Objective: Our knowledge of how acculturative processes affect families remains quite limited. This article tests whether acculturative family distancing (AFD) [1], a more proximal and problem-oriented measure of the acculturation gap, influences the mental health status of Asian American and Latino college students. AFD occurs along two…
Descriptors: Intervention, Structural Equation Models, Conflict, Mental Health
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Spinelli, Simona; Vasa, Roma A.; Joel, Suresh; Nelson, Tess E.; Pekar, James J.; Mostofsky, Stewart H. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2011
Background: Error processing is reflected, behaviorally, by slower reaction times (RT) on trials immediately following an error (post-error). Children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) fail to show RT slowing and demonstrate increased intra-subject variability (ISV) on post-error trials. The neural correlates of these behavioral…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Inhibition, Correlation, Error Correction
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Canavera, Kristin E.; Ollendick, Thomas H.; Ehrenreich May, Jill T.; Pincus, Donna B. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2010
A burgeoning body of literature addresses the comorbidity of depression and OCD in adults. The purpose of this study was to extend this area of research to children and adolescents by examining the clinical correlates associated with co-occurring depressive disorders in a clinical sample of youth with OCD. Participants included children and…
Descriptors: Family Characteristics, Psychopathology, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Edwards, Alexis C.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Latendresse, Shawn J.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Bates, John E.; Pettit, Gregory S.; Budde, John P.; Goate, Alison M.; Dick, Danielle M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Background: A functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the monoamine oxidizing gene "monoamine oxidase A" ("MAOA") has been associated with behavioral sensitivity to adverse environmental conditions in multiple studies (e.g., Caspi et al. 2002; Kim-Cohen et al., 2006). The present study investigates the effects of…
Descriptors: Check Lists, Discipline, Delinquency, Child Behavior
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Feldman, Ruth; Vengrober, Adva – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: Although millions of the world's children are growing up amidst armed conflict, little research has described the specific symptom manifestations and relational behavior in young children exposed to wartime trauma or assessed factors that chart pathways of risk and resilience. Method: Participants included 232 Israeli children 1.5 to 5…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Mothers, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Infants
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Cwik, Mary F.; Barlow, Allison; Tingey, Lauren; Larzelere-Hinton, Francene; Goklish, Novalene; Walkup, John T. – Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 2011
Objective: To describe characteristics and correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) among the White Mountain Apache Tribe. NSSI has not been studied before in American Indian samples despite associated risks for suicide, which disproportionately affect American Indian youth. Method: Apache case managers collected data through a tribally…
Descriptors: American Indians, Self Destructive Behavior, Tribes, Suicide
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Oliver, Chris; Horsler, Kate; Berg, Katy; Bellamy, Gail; Dick, Katie; Griffiths, Emily – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2007
Background: Kinship theory (or the genomic conflict hypothesis) proposes that the phenotypic effects of genomic imprinting arise from conflict between paternally and maternally inherited alleles. A prediction arising for social behaviour from this theory is that imbalance in this conflict resulting from a deletion of a maternally imprinted gene,…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Mental Retardation, Conflict, Family Relationship
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