ERIC Number: EJ1165878
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
The Acquisition of Simple Associations as Observed in Color-Word Contingency Learning
Lin, Olivia Y.-H.; MacLeod, Colin M.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v44 n1 p99-106 Jan 2018
Three experiments investigated the learning of simple associations in a color-word contingency task. Participants responded manually to the print colors of 3 words, with each word associated strongly to 1 of the 3 colors and weakly to the other 2 colors. Despite the words being irrelevant, response times to high-contingency stimuli and to low-contingency stimuli quickly diverged. This high-low difference remained quite constant over successive blocks of trials, evidence of stable contingency learning. Inclusion of a baseline condition--an item having no color-word contingency--permitted separation of the contingency learning effect into 2 components: a cost due to low contingency and a benefit due to high contingency. Both cost and benefit were quick to acquire, quick to extinguish, and quick to reacquire. The color-word contingency task provides a simple way to directly study the learning of associations.
Descriptors: Associative Learning, Learning Processes, Contingency Management, Color, Interference (Learning), Reaction Time, Visual Stimuli, Task Analysis, Evaluation Methods, Experiments, College Students, Foreign Countries, Error Patterns, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stroop Color Word Test