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Allen, Elizabeth C.; Beilock, Sian L.; Shevell, Steven K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
We explored the relation between individual differences in working memory (WM) and color constancy, the phenomenon of color perception that allows us to perceive the color of an object as relatively stable under changes in illumination. Successive color constancy (measured by first viewing a colored surface under a particular illumination and…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Short Term Memory, Lighting, Color
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Oberauer, Klaus; Awh, Edward; Sutterer, David W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
We report 4 experiments examining whether associations in visual working memory are subject to proactive interference from long-term memory (LTM). Following a long-term learning phase in which participants learned the colors of 120 unique objects, a working memory (WM) test was administered in which participants recalled the precise colors of 3…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Interference (Learning)
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Arnold, Derek H.; Wegener, Signy V.; Brown, Francesca; Mattingley, Jason B. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2012
Grapheme-color synesthesia is an atypical condition in which individuals experience sensations of color when reading printed graphemes such as letters and digits. For some grapheme-color synesthetes, seeing a printed grapheme triggers a sensation of color, but "hearing" the name of a grapheme does not. This dissociation allowed us to…
Descriptors: Memory, Color, Experimental Psychology, Graphemes
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Franklin, Anna; Sowden, Paul; Burley, Rachel; Notman, Leslie; Alder, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
This study examined whether color perception is atypical in children with autism. In experiment 1, accuracy of color memory and search was compared for children with autism and typically developing children matched on age and non-verbal cognitive ability. Children with autism were significantly less accurate at color memory and search than…
Descriptors: Autism, Memory, Perceptual Development, Cognitive Ability
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Makovski, Tal; Jiang, Yuhong V. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2009
When tracking moving objects in space humans usually attend to the objects' spatial locations and update this information over time. To what extent do surface features assist attentive tracking? In this study we asked participants to track identical or uniquely colored objects. Tracking was enhanced when objects were unique in color. The benefit…
Descriptors: College Students, Short Term Memory, Eye Movements, Visual Perception
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Simmering, Vanessa R.; Wood, Chelsey M. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Working memory is a basic cognitive process that predicts higher-level skills. A central question in theories of working memory development is the generality of the mechanisms proposed to explain improvements in performance. Prior theories have been closely tied to particular tasks and/or age groups, limiting their generalizability. The cognitive…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Young Children, Visual Perception, Statistical Analysis
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Bynum, Carlisle; Epps, Helen H.; Kaya, Naz – College Student Journal, 2006
The ability to select a previously viewed color specimen from an array of specimens that differ in hue, value, or chroma varies among individuals, and may be related to one's basic color discrimination ability or to prior experience with color. This study investigated short-term color memory of 40 college students, 20 of whom were interior design…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Memory, Cues, College Students
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Hollingworth, Andrew; Rasmussen, Ian P. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2010
The relationship between object files and visual working memory (VWM) was investigated in a new paradigm combining features of traditional VWM experiments (color change detection) and object-file experiments (memory for the properties of moving objects). Object-file theory was found to account for a key component of object-position binding in VWM:…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Models, Experiments
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Peterson, Dwight J.; Naveh-Benjamin, Moshe – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Aging is accompanied by declines in both working memory and long-term episodic memory processes. Specifically, important age-related memory deficits are characterized by performance impairments exhibited by older relative to younger adults when binding distinct components into a single integrated representation, despite relatively intact memory…
Descriptors: Aging (Individuals), Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes
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Born, Sabine; Puntiroli, Michael; Jordan, Damien; Kerzel, Dirk – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Attribute amnesia (Chen & Wyble, 2015, 2016) demonstrates that we may not always be able to spontaneously retrieve a simple attribute of a visual object (e.g., its color) for conscious report, even though the object had just been the target in a visual task. Attribute amnesia has been suggested to reflect a lack of consolidation of the…
Descriptors: Memory, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Eye Movements
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Ishihara, Toru; Sugasawa, Shigemi; Matsuda, Yusuke; Mizuno, Masao – Developmental Science, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sports experience (i.e., tennis experience) and executive function in children while controlling for physical activity and physical fitness. Sixty-eight participants (6-12 years old, 34 males and 34 females) were enrolled in regular tennis lessons (mean = 2.4 years,…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Physical Fitness, Athletics
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Son, Gaeun; Oh, Byung-Il; Kang, Min-Suk; Chong, Sang Chul – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
We investigated whether clustering based on feature similarity improves the representational quality of visual working memory (VWM). We hypothesized that similar items are organized into clusters, and their recall precision increases with fewer clusters because of reduced memory load. In a series of 6 experiments, participants remembered…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Cognitive Ability
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Delvenne, Jean-Francois; Holt, Jessica L. – Cognition, 2012
Humans have the ability to attentionally select the most relevant visual information from their extrapersonal world and to retain it in a temporary buffer, known as visual short-term memory (VSTM). Research suggests that at least two non-contiguous items can be selected simultaneously when they are distributed across the two visual hemifields. In…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Infants, Attention, Cognitive Ability
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Allen, Richard J.; Baddeley, Alan D.; Hitch, Graham J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2014
How does executive attentional control contribute to memory for sequences of visual objects, and what does this reveal about storage and processing in working memory? Three experiments examined the impact of a concurrent executive load (backward counting) on memory for sequences of individually presented visual objects. Experiments 1 and 2 found…
Descriptors: Attention, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception
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Ward, Amber; Blanchfield, Margaret – Art Education, 2018
This article is co-written by a student and professor about their reflections of art education course they participated in. The authors use three font colors in this article to chronicle certain memories related to the course content from the perspective of student (orange) and professor (teal). They also use black text to exemplify the blurred…
Descriptors: Art Education, Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, College Students
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