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Zhang, Yanling; Dorans, Neil J.; Matthews-López, Joy L. – College Board, 2005
Statistical procedures for detecting differential item functioning (DIF) are often used as an initial step to screen items for construct irrelevant variance. This research applies a DIF dissection method and a two-way classification scheme to SAT Reasoning Test™ verbal section data and explores the effects of deleting sizable DIF items on reported…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Test Items, Statistical Analysis, Classification
Milewski, Glenn B.; Johnsen, Daniel; Glazer, Nancy; Kubota, Melvin – College Board, 2005
The current paper presents the results of a large-scale, national, reading and writing curriculum survey and evaluates the alignment of the survey results to the reading and writing skills measured by the new SAT®. It was hypothesized that the skills measured by the writing and critical reading sections of the new SAT would be aligned to the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests, Surveys, Reading Skills
Liu, Jinghua; Feigenbaum, Miriam; Dorans, Neil J. – College Board, 2005
Score equity assessment was used to evaluate linkings of new SAT® to the current SAT Reasoning Test™. Population invariance across gender groups was studied on the linkage of a new SAT critical reading prototype to a current SAT verbal section, and on the linkage of a new SAT math prototype to a current SAT math section. The results indicated that…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Research Reports, Cognitive Tests, College Entrance Examinations
Moulder, Brad; Abdulla, Abdulbaset; Morgan, Deanna L. – College Board, 2005
The College-Level Examination Program® (CLEP®) consists of a battery of 34 tests covering courses in which entering college students often enroll. CLEP exams are tools that help accredited colleges and universities provide course requirement exemptions to students who have gained outside-the-classroom knowledge of certain subjects. Students may…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Testing Programs, Prior Learning, Advanced Placement
Ewing, Maureen; Huff, Kristen; Andrews, Melissa; King, Kinda – College Board, 2005
In connection with the new SAT that was introduced in March 2005, research has been under way to investigate the feasibility of providing examinees with score reports that contain feedback on skills measured by the critical reading, mathematics, and writing sections of the test. The main purpose of this study was to estimate the reliability of the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Feedback (Response), Reading Skills
Delgado, Jane – College Board, 2005
SpringBoard is a comprehensive instructional program in English language arts and mathematics that reflects powerful, research-based understandings about how people learn. This report presents a model of learning based on cognitive science with particular attention to the role of memory and language. The instructional framework of strategic…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Language Arts, Mathematics Instruction, English Instruction
Ackerman, Phillip L.; Kanfer, Ruth; Wolman, Stacey D. – College Board, 2005
The current study was designed to examine performance effects and fatigue effects associated with different total SAT testing times. In addition, the researchers examined personality, motivation, and other determinants of individual differences in examinee fatigue before, during, and after testing.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Fatigue (Biology), Time, Personality Traits
Engelhard, George, Jr.; Myford, Carol M. – College Board, 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine, describe, evaluate, and compare the rating behavior of faculty consultants who scored essays written for the Advanced Placement English Literature and Composition (AP® ELC) Exam. Data from the 1999 AP ELC Exam were analyzed using FACETS (Linacre, 1998) and SAS. The faculty consultants were not all…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, College Faculty, Consultants, Scoring
Dodd, Barbara G.; Fitzpatrick, Steven J.; De Ayala, R. J.; Jennings, Judith A. – College Board, 2002
The purpose of this study was to address the validity of grades of 3 on AP® Examinations and to compare AP students to other relevant student groups. While research has shown that students who earn grades of 3 or higher and place out of introductory courses do well in the subsequent courses, there are some college faculty members who think this is…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, College Entrance Examinations, Grades (Scholastic), Validity
Burton, Nancy W.; Whitman, Nancy Burgess; Yepes-Baraya, Mario; Cline, Frederick; Kim, R. Myung-in – College Board, 2002
This project described the characteristics and teaching behaviors of those successfully teaching AP® Calculus AB and AP English Literature and Composition to underrepresented minority students. Its purpose was to assist educators in improving the participation and performance of underrepresented minority students in AP classes. Study results…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Academic Achievement, Success, Advanced Placement Programs
Breland, Hunter M.; Oltman, Philip K. – College Board, 2001
Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) Examinations in Macroeconomics, Microeconomics, and Comparative Government and Politics were studied to examine college course performance and gender differences. It was concluded that students who had received college credit for AP performed as well or better in higher-level college courses in Macroeconomics and…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Standardized Tests, Macroeconomics, Economics Education
Buck, Gary; Kostin, Irene; Morgan, Rick – College Board, 2002
The purpose of this study is to examine the content of the questions in a number of Advanced Placement Examinations and to attempt to identify content that is related to gender-based performance differences. Free-response questions for ten forms of the AP® Exams in U.S. History, European History, Biology, Microeconomics, and Macroeconomics were…
Descriptors: Test Content, Gender Differences, Correlation, Test Items
Milewski, Glenn B.; Gillie, Jacqueline M. – College Board, 2002
Information on test-takers collected at the time of examinations provides a rich description of AP students, but what are the characteristics of their teachers? The current study provides a glimpse into these characteristics by summarizing the results of the largest survey of AP teachers to date (32,109 responses). The AP Teacher Survey contained…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Surveys, Classroom Environment
College Board, 2002
Teachers and administrators were surveyed to determine the extent to which AP Vertical Teams for English were implemented in schools. Results indicate that even though the goals of the AP Vertical Teams were only partially realized, there was some positive impact on student exposure to Pre-AP instruction and AP courses and student performance on…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Program Implementation, Teacher Surveys, Teacher Attitudes
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Camara, Wayne J.; Milewski, Glenn B. – College Board, 2002
The SAT® and high school grades are the most accurate predictors of first-year college performance. Together, these two measures have a high multiple correlation (r = 0.7) with first-year college grades when the correlation coefficient is corrected for restriction in range, criterion unreliability, and different course grading standards…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, Prediction, Scores
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