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Engelhard, George, Jr.; Wind, Stefanie A.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Chajewski, Michael – College Board, 2013
The purpose of this study is to illustrate the use of explanatory models based on Rasch measurement theory to detect systematic relationships between student and item characteristics and achievement differences using differential item functioning (DIF), differential group functioning (DGF), and differential person functioning (DPF) techniques. The…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Evaluation Methods, Measurement Techniques, Writing Evaluation
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F. – College Board, 2012
This study examines student performance on the SAT and SAT Subject Tests in order to identify groups of students who score differently on these two tests, and to determine whether certain demographic groups score higher on one test compared to the other. Discrepancy scores were created to capture individuals' performance differences on the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Performance, Standardized Tests
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA (cGPA) through the second year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cGPA by college major across student subgroups. The relationship between the SAT and cGPA varied somewhat by major, as well as by major and subgroup…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Patterson, Brian F.; Packman, Sheryl; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Advanced Placement (AP) exam participation and performance on college grades for courses taken in the same subject area as students' AP Exam(s). Students' first-year college subject area grade point averages (SGPAs) were examined in nine subject areas: mathematics, computer science,…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, College Freshmen, Grades (Scholastic), Achievement Tests
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2011
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in New Orleans, LA in April 2011. The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA through the second-year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cumulative GPA by college major among…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Grade Point Average, College Students
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2010
Presented at the national conference for the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in 2010. This presentation describes an alternative way of presenting the unique information provided by the SAT over HSGPA, namely examining students with discrepant SAT-HSGPA performance.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, High School Students, Scores
Mattern, Krista D.; Patterson, Brian F.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Barbuti, Sandra M. – College Board, 2008
The purpose of the study is to examine the differential validity and prediction of the SAT using a nationally representative sample of first-year college students admitted with the revised version of the SAT. The findings demonstrate that there are similar patterns of differential validity and prediction by gender, race/ethnicity, and best…
Descriptors: Validity, Prediction, College Entrance Examinations, Standardized Tests
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Sathy, Viji; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2007
This paper presents and reviews gender, racial/ethnic, language, and socioeconomic subgroup performance differences on the SAT® over nearly the last two decades. Theories on the existence of subgroup differences are examined. Substantial revisions to the SAT were made in 1994, and again in 2005. The short-term and long-term impact of these…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Language
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Melican, Gerald J. – College Board, 2007
This report synthesizes the research to date addressing the construct comparability of the SAT Reasoning Test and prior SAT I: Reasoning Test and the series of research studies addressing the equatability and subpopulation invariance of the SAT and SAT I.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Scores
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Michel, Rochelle S. – College Board, 2006
This study employed logistic regression to predict the probability that a student would be successful in achieving a FGPA at various levels, based on that student's SAT scores and high school grade point average. Tables of accuracy rates are appended.
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, College Entrance Examinations, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement