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Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2012
It is well-documented that students' prior knowledge, cultural background, and language proficiency play a role in how they read, interpret, and respond to writing tasks (Barkaoui, 2007; Connor & Kramer, 1995; Hinkel, 2002). Essays written by students from different language backgrounds often differ in their linguistic, stylistic, and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Scores
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2011
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in New Orleans, LA in April 2011. The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA through the second-year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cumulative GPA by college major among…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Grade Point Average, College Students
Patterson, Brian F.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2011
This study presents a case for applying a transformation (Box and Cox, 1964) of the criterion used in predictive validity studies. The goals of the transformation were to better meet the assumptions of the linear regression model and to reduce the residual variance of fitted (i.e., predicted) values. Using data for the 2008 cohort of first-time,…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Evaluation Criteria, Regression (Statistics), College Freshmen
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Kim, Rachel; Sackett, Paul – College Board, 2011
There is much debate on the merits and pitfalls of standardized tests for college admission, with questions regarding the format (multiple-choice versus constructed response), cognitive complexity, and content of these assessments (achievement versus aptitude) at the forefront of the discussion. This study addressed these questions by…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Mathematics Tests, Test Items, Predictive Validity
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2010
Presented at the national conference for the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in 2010. This presentation describes an alternative way of presenting the unique information provided by the SAT over HSGPA, namely examining students with discrepant SAT-HSGPA performance.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, High School Students, Scores
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F. – College Board, 2010
There is substantial variability in the degree to which the SAT and high school grade point average (HSGPA) predict first-year college performance at different institutions. This paper demonstrates the usefulness of multilevel modeling as a tool to uncover institutional characteristics that are associated with this variability. In a model that…
Descriptors: Scores, Validity, Prediction, College Freshmen
Noeth, Richard J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2009
[Slides] presented at the national conference for AERA (American Educational Research Association). This study examined whether the addition of the Writing section caused the implementation of changes in writing instruction across the nation. It used survey data from teachers and administrators across the country to measure the impact on the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Writing Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Writing Instruction