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Showing 16 to 30 of 46 results Save | Export
Westrick, Paul A.; Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
This report examines the value of SAT scores for determining merit-based scholarship decisions as well as admission to highly selective academic programs such as honors programs or colleges. Results show that the SAT is a highly effective tool for predicting students' chances of earning a first-year grade point average (FYGPA) of 3.00 or higher…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Merit Scholarships, Decision Making, Competitive Selection
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
This study provides an initial analysis of the validity of the SAT to predict the academic performance of students attending higher education institutions outside of the U.S. The results from these three institutions (located in India, Scotland [United Kingdom], and Lebanon, respectively) provide evidence that the SAT is indeed a strong predictor…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
Recent national research on the validity of the SAT shows that students with higher SAT scores are more likely to earn higher grades in college, and that SAT scores add about 15% more predictive power above high school grade point average (HSGPA) to estimate students' college performance (Westrick, Marini, Young, Ng, Shmueli, & Shaw, 2019).…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shmueli, Doron; Shaw, Emily J.; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2019
This paper presents the results of a national validity study examining relationships between new SAT Essay scores and first semester grades in English and writing courses, as well as first-year grade point average (FYGPA) in college. The sample includes more than 180,000 first-year students across 171 four-year institutions. Results show that…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essays, Scores, College Freshmen
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen; Shmueli, Doron; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2019
This study examines the validity of the current SAT® as a predictor of first-year academic performance and retention to the second year by student and institutional subgroups across more than 223,000 students from 171 four-year institutions. Results show that institutions can feel confident using SAT scores and HSGPA for admission, scholarship,…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Test Validity, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2018
College professors, administrators, admission officers, and other higher education leaders expect students to arrive at college ready and able to write, as it is among the most critical skills for college success. Knowing when writing is a weakness for a student and when additional instruction or support is needed is essential for advancing…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essay Tests, Scores, Academic Achievement
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Walker, Michael – College Board, 2016
College admission offices receive many different pieces of information on each applicant to their institution. The job of considering this information becomes further complicated when the information is not consistent across applicants. An example of one such complication is receiving SAT scores for some applicants and receiving ACT scores for…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, College Applicants
Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2015
This primer should provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the concept of test validity and will present the recent available validity evidence on the relationship between SAT® scores and important college outcomes. In addition, the content examined on the SAT will be discussed as well as the fundamental attention paid to the fairness of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Scores, Outcomes of Education
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2014
The Study evaluated the predictive validity of various operationalizations of AP® Exam and course information that could be used to make college admission decisions. The incremental validity of different AP variables, above and beyond traditional admission measures such as SAT® and high school grade point average (HSGPA), in predicting first-year…
Descriptors: College Admission, Advanced Placement Programs, Grade Point Average, Predictive Validity
Mattern, Krista D.; Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2013
The current study examined the role of AP® Exam participation and performance on four-year college graduation in four years. Because students who take AP Exams can earn college credit while still in high school, it was expected that AP students would have higher four-year graduation rates. Moreover, it was expected that AP students who earned…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Tests, Graduation, Higher Education
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2013
This study examines the relationship between students' SAT essay scores and college outcomes, including first-year grade point average (FYGPA) and first-year English course grade average (FY EngGPA), overall and by various demographic and academic performance subgroups. Results showed that the SAT essay score has a positive relationship with both…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Essays, Writing Skills
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica – College Board, 2013
The current study examines the relationship between the SAT® College Readiness Benchmark with the outcome of graduation from college in either four or six years. The results indicate that the SAT benchmark is indeed differentiating between those students who graduate within four years and those who do not, as well as between those who graduate…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Benchmarking, College Graduates, Academic Achievement
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA (cGPA) through the second year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cGPA by college major across student subgroups. The relationship between the SAT and cGPA varied somewhat by major, as well as by major and subgroup…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
The current study will explore the validity and potential of using the SAT, in conjunction with HSGPA, to arrive at a predicted FYGPA to improve student retention at four-year postsecondary institutions. Specifically, this study examined whether college students who did not perform as expected (observed FYGPA minus predicted FYGPA) were more…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Grade Point Average, High School Students
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2012
It is well-documented that students' prior knowledge, cultural background, and language proficiency play a role in how they read, interpret, and respond to writing tasks (Barkaoui, 2007; Connor & Kramer, 1995; Hinkel, 2002). Essays written by students from different language backgrounds often differ in their linguistic, stylistic, and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Scores
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