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Westrick, Paul A.; Marini, Jessica P.; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Shaw, Emily J.; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2020
In May 2019, College Board published the first national operational SAT® validity study on the new SAT introduced in 2016. Based on data from more than 221,000 students across 169 four-year colleges and universities, the study showed that the SAT was essentially as effective as high school grades in predicting students' college performance and…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Prediction, Grades (Scholastic)
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2016
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College Admission
Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2009
Presented at the College Board Western Regional Office (WRO) Forum in San Diego in February 2009. This presentation explores SAT test validity and how it can be used to inform both advisement and placement at the national or institution level. Institutional validity can be measured using the Admitted Class Evaluation Service (ACES) which schools…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Standardized Tests, Student Placement
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D.; Barbuti, Sandra M. – College Board, 2008
This report presents the results of a large-scale national validity study of the SAT®. In March 2005, the College Board introduced a revised SAT, with an additional section in writing and minor changes in content to the verbal and mathematics sections. The first full cohort of students taking this test completed their first year of college in…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shmueli, Doron; Shaw, Emily J.; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2019
This paper presents the results of a national validity study examining relationships between new SAT Essay scores and first semester grades in English and writing courses, as well as first-year grade point average (FYGPA) in college. The sample includes more than 180,000 first-year students across 171 four-year institutions. Results show that…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essays, Scores, College Freshmen
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2018
College professors, administrators, admission officers, and other higher education leaders expect students to arrive at college ready and able to write, as it is among the most critical skills for college success. Knowing when writing is a weakness for a student and when additional instruction or support is needed is essential for advancing…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essay Tests, Scores, Academic Achievement
Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2015
This primer should provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the concept of test validity and will present the recent available validity evidence on the relationship between SAT® scores and important college outcomes. In addition, the content examined on the SAT will be discussed as well as the fundamental attention paid to the fairness of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Scores, Outcomes of Education
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2013
This study examines the relationship between students' SAT essay scores and college outcomes, including first-year grade point average (FYGPA) and first-year English course grade average (FY EngGPA), overall and by various demographic and academic performance subgroups. Results showed that the SAT essay score has a positive relationship with both…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Essays, Writing Skills
Marini, Jessica P.; Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2011
The current study examined the validity of the selection process used for the National Merit Scholarship Program (NMSP) to identify scholarship winners. Namely, this study examined whether students who advanced to higher NMSP recognition levels (Commended Students, Semifinalists, and various levels of award winners) had higher college performance,…
Descriptors: Merit Scholarships, Admission Criteria, Selection Criteria, Recognition (Achievement)
Shaw, Emily J.; Patterson, Brian F. – College Board, 2010
This study examined the English, mathematics, and natural sciences course work taken by students in their first year of college. Four-year postsecondary institutions (k = 110) provided first-year performance data for the first-time, first-year students who began college in the fall of 2006. As in previous research, composition is the most commonly…
Descriptors: Natural Sciences, Calculus, College Readiness, College Freshmen
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Sathy, Viji; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2007
This paper presents and reviews gender, racial/ethnic, language, and socioeconomic subgroup performance differences on the SAT® over nearly the last two decades. Theories on the existence of subgroup differences are examined. Substantial revisions to the SAT were made in 1994, and again in 2005. The short-term and long-term impact of these…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Language