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Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2016
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College Admission
Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2011
Presented at the 23rd Annual Historically Black Colleges & Universities (HBCU) Conference in Atlanta, GA, in September 2011. Admitted Class Evaluation Service (ACES) is the College Board's free online service that predicts how admitted students will perform at a college or university generally, and how successful students will be in specific…
Descriptors: College Admission, Student Placement, Test Validity, Graphs
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D.; Barbuti, Sandra M. – College Board, 2008
This report presents the results of a large-scale national validity study of the SAT®. In March 2005, the College Board introduced a revised SAT, with an additional section in writing and minor changes in content to the verbal and mathematics sections. The first full cohort of students taking this test completed their first year of college in…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Westrick, Paul A.; Marini, Jessica P.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2023
This pilot study examines digital SAT® score relationships with first-year college performance. Results show that digital SAT scores predict college performance as well as paper and pencil SAT scores, and that digital SAT scores meaningfully improve our understanding of a student's readiness for college above high school grade point average…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Scores, Career Readiness, College Readiness
Westrick, Paul A.; Marini, Jessica P.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2023
Traditionally, a college grade point average (GPA) of 2.00 or higher has signified that a student has made acceptable academic progress and avoided academic probation. However, having a 3.00 or higher has signified a level of success that is often required for admission to graduate school, maintaining a scholarship or enrollment in an honors…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, College Freshmen, College Students, Student Characteristics
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2021
The purpose of this study is to understand how well the national SAT Validity Study results (Westrick et al., 2019), which is based on the entering class of 2017, generalize to other cohorts of students and how well the SAT predicts longer term outcomes beyond first-year grade point average (FYGPA) and second-year retention. Results show that the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement, Grade Point Average
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
This study provides an initial analysis of the validity of the SAT to predict the academic performance of students attending higher education institutions outside of the U.S. The results from these three institutions (located in India, Scotland [United Kingdom], and Lebanon, respectively) provide evidence that the SAT is indeed a strong predictor…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
Recent national research on the validity of the SAT shows that students with higher SAT scores are more likely to earn higher grades in college, and that SAT scores add about 15% more predictive power above high school grade point average (HSGPA) to estimate students' college performance (Westrick, Marini, Young, Ng, Shmueli, & Shaw, 2019).…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shmueli, Doron; Shaw, Emily J.; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2019
This paper presents the results of a national validity study examining relationships between new SAT Essay scores and first semester grades in English and writing courses, as well as first-year grade point average (FYGPA) in college. The sample includes more than 180,000 first-year students across 171 four-year institutions. Results show that…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essays, Scores, College Freshmen
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2018
College professors, administrators, admission officers, and other higher education leaders expect students to arrive at college ready and able to write, as it is among the most critical skills for college success. Knowing when writing is a weakness for a student and when additional instruction or support is needed is essential for advancing…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essay Tests, Scores, Academic Achievement
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Walker, Michael – College Board, 2016
College admission offices receive many different pieces of information on each applicant to their institution. The job of considering this information becomes further complicated when the information is not consistent across applicants. An example of one such complication is receiving SAT scores for some applicants and receiving ACT scores for…
Descriptors: College Admission, Scores, College Entrance Examinations, College Applicants
Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2015
This primer should provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the concept of test validity and will present the recent available validity evidence on the relationship between SAT® scores and important college outcomes. In addition, the content examined on the SAT will be discussed as well as the fundamental attention paid to the fairness of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Scores, Outcomes of Education
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2014
The Study evaluated the predictive validity of various operationalizations of AP® Exam and course information that could be used to make college admission decisions. The incremental validity of different AP variables, above and beyond traditional admission measures such as SAT® and high school grade point average (HSGPA), in predicting first-year…
Descriptors: College Admission, Advanced Placement Programs, Grade Point Average, Predictive Validity
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2013
This study examines the relationship between students' SAT essay scores and college outcomes, including first-year grade point average (FYGPA) and first-year English course grade average (FY EngGPA), overall and by various demographic and academic performance subgroups. Results showed that the SAT essay score has a positive relationship with both…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Essays, Writing Skills
Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
The current study will explore the validity and potential of using the SAT, in conjunction with HSGPA, to arrive at a predicted FYGPA to improve student retention at four-year postsecondary institutions. Specifically, this study examined whether college students who did not perform as expected (observed FYGPA minus predicted FYGPA) were more…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Grade Point Average, High School Students
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