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Byers, Jenny; Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Springall, Robert – College Board, 2011
Presented at the College Board National Forum, October 26, 2011. Choosing a college major is challenging enough, without stopping to consider the impact it has on a student's college experience and career choice. To provide support during this major decision, participants in this session will develop strategies to facilitate students in making an…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Decision Making, High School Students, Intervention
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D.; Barbuti, Sandra M. – College Board, 2008
This report presents the results of a large-scale national validity study of the SAT®. In March 2005, the College Board introduced a revised SAT, with an additional section in writing and minor changes in content to the verbal and mathematics sections. The first full cohort of students taking this test completed their first year of college in…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2014
The Study evaluated the predictive validity of various operationalizations of AP® Exam and course information that could be used to make college admission decisions. The incremental validity of different AP variables, above and beyond traditional admission measures such as SAT® and high school grade point average (HSGPA), in predicting first-year…
Descriptors: College Admission, Advanced Placement Programs, Grade Point Average, Predictive Validity
Mattern, Krista D.; Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2013
The current study examined the role of AP® Exam participation and performance on four-year college graduation in four years. Because students who take AP Exams can earn college credit while still in high school, it was expected that AP students would have higher four-year graduation rates. Moreover, it was expected that AP students who earned…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Tests, Graduation, Higher Education
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica – College Board, 2013
The current study examines the relationship between the SAT® College Readiness Benchmark with the outcome of graduation from college in either four or six years. The results indicate that the SAT benchmark is indeed differentiating between those students who graduate within four years and those who do not, as well as between those who graduate…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Benchmarking, College Graduates, Academic Achievement
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA (cGPA) through the second year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cGPA by college major across student subgroups. The relationship between the SAT and cGPA varied somewhat by major, as well as by major and subgroup…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2012
The current study will explore the validity and potential of using the SAT, in conjunction with HSGPA, to arrive at a predicted FYGPA to improve student retention at four-year postsecondary institutions. Specifically, this study examined whether college students who did not perform as expected (observed FYGPA minus predicted FYGPA) were more…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Grade Point Average, High School Students
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Ewing, Maureen – College Board, 2011
Previous research has found a positive relationship between AP® participation and performance with various college outcomes. Building on this work, the current study investigated the relationship between AP participation and performance with choice of college major. Specifically, this study examined whether students who take an AP Exam in a…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, Achievement Tests, Computer Science, Majors (Students)
Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2011
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in New Orleans, LA in April 2011. The current study examined the differential validity of the SAT for predicting cumulative GPA through the second-year of college by college major, as well as the differential prediction of cumulative GPA by college major among…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Grade Point Average, College Students
Marini, Jessica P.; Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2011
The current study examined the validity of the selection process used for the National Merit Scholarship Program (NMSP) to identify scholarship winners. Namely, this study examined whether students who advanced to higher NMSP recognition levels (Commended Students, Semifinalists, and various levels of award winners) had higher college performance,…
Descriptors: Merit Scholarships, Admission Criteria, Selection Criteria, Recognition (Achievement)
Marini, Jessica P.; Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2011
There is a common misperception that test scores do not predict above a minimum threshold (Sackett, Borneman, & Connelly, 2008). That is, test scores may be useful for identifying students with very low levels of ability; however, higher scores are considered unrelated to higher performance for those above a certain threshold. This study aims…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Grade Point Average, High Achievement
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Kobrin, Jennifer L. – College Board, 2010
Presented at the national conference for the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in 2010. This presentation describes an alternative way of presenting the unique information provided by the SAT over HSGPA, namely examining students with discrepant SAT-HSGPA performance.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, High School Students, Scores
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2010
Presented at the national conference for the American Educational Research Association (AERA) in 2010. This presentation examines the relationship between academic self-beliefs and outcomes.
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Ability, Self Concept, Correlation
Shaw, Emily J.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2010
[Slides] presented at AERA in Denver, CO in April 2010. This study examined the relationship between students' self-reported high school grade point average (HSGPA) from the SAT Questionnaire and their HSGPA provided by the colleges and universities they attend. The purpose of this research was to offer updated information on the relatedness of…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Grade Point Average, High School Students, Correlation
Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.; Xiong, Xinhui – College Board, 2009
This study focused on the relationship between students' Advanced Placement Program[R] (AP[R]) performance in AP English Language, Biology, Calculus, and U.S. History, and their subsequent college success. For each AP Exam studied, students were divided into three groups according to their AP Exam performance (no AP Exam taken, score of 1 or 2,…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, Academic Achievement, Advanced Placement Programs, Calculus
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